While following the paths in Butrint, we found several times this beautiful 0.80-1.20 m plant in shaded situations. At first, I was unable to identify it though I should have known it! Once at home, I have identified it as Digitalis lanata.
Digitalis lanata (Grecian fox glove), growing in eastern Europe and Digitalis purpurea (fox glove), growing mostly in western Europe and especially in Scotland, give digoxin, metildigoxin and digitoxin, major cardiotonics, widely used in therapeutics. I had never seen Digitalis lanata and did not expect to find it in Albania as I knew that most of the drugs was extracted from Digitalis lanata grown in Hungary and Rumania.
Anguis fragilis is not a snake but a legless lizard named in English blind worm or slow worm. The English names are not well chosen as it is neither a worm nor is it blind nor is it that slow! It is completely harmless and in most European countries, it is a protected species. I do not know about Albania.
This plant is an orchid named Ophrys aranifera or Spider orchis. This beautiful and rare orchid has flowers that look like spiders, hence its name. Albania has a rich flora and in 1988, the goal of our travel was the Albanian flora and fauna.