Hoher Markt was one of the most important market places in Vienna during Middle Ages, but not much left from that period on the square. It is now important city parking lot and if lucky one may noticed Wermaehlungsbrunnen (Wedding Fountain), if not squeezed too much between parked vehicles.
The fountain was commissioned by Emperor Leopold I, who wanted to celebrate the return of his son Josef (later on Emperor Josef I) from the siege of Landau. It is why many locals call this fountain Josefsbrunnen. The fountain was designed by the court architect Johann Bernhard Fisher von Erlach, but constructed and finished by his son Josef Emanuel in 1732. This fountain, in Baroque style, depicts marriage between Josef and Mary by the high priest under a bronze baldachin. The baldachin is supported by four large Corinthian columns. The marble statues made Italian sculptor Antonio Corradini.
Karl Renner (1870-1950) is called the father of the Republic of Austria because he headed the first government as chancellor in 1918/1919 and was again decisive in establishing the second republic after the fall of Nazi Germany in 1945, becoming its first president. Renner had strongly advocated and supported ideas about legal protection of cultural minorities.
His monument stands in a small park next to the parliament. The monument was made by architect Josef Krawina, while the bust was designed by sculptor Alfred Hrdlicka in 1967.
Johann Nepomuk church is located in Leopoldstadt, in Praterstrasse 45. The current church was constructed between 1841 and 1843, replacing a stone chapel from 1736.
The story of this church and its origin is very interesting. It began with the veneration of a depiction of Mary, the Mother of God, a copy of the Maria Poetsch painting which to this days is being venerated in St. Stephan's cathedral.
The "Rosa Mystica", as the copy is also called, is today integrated into the main altar of the St. John Nepomuk's church. It is said that the picture was originally part of a home altar of a royal herald, who lived in the street which is now called Praterstrasse. The painting remained undamaged during a great fire in 1729 and, as often was said, to be wonder-working. The picture was hung onto a tall tree in the Jaegerzeile (now Praterstrasse) and built into a wooden chapel in 1731. The population of Jaegerzeile was spared by the "Black death", which was also attributed to the miraculous picture. Three years later a heavy storm split the tree but the painting once again remained undamaged. Therefore, it was decided to build a stone chapel which was accomplished in 1736, when it was consecrated in commemoration of St. John Nepomuk. The chapel was replaced by a proper church in 1782 and then eventually the current church was constructed between 1841 and 8143.
Theater an der Wien, completed in 1801, is a historic theatre located in Millockergasse. The theatre is brainchild of Emanuel Schikaneder, theatrical impresario, who is best known as Mozart's librettist. The building was designed by the architect Franz Jagaer in empire style. At its time this theater proved to be a sensation.
In 1807 the theater was acquired by a group of court nobles, offering opera, ballet, variety arts and, at that period, very popular pantomime. Losing money in elaborate spectacles the theater was forced to be sell at auction in 1826.
Only a part of original building is preserved, the so-called Papagenotor (Papageno Gate), which is actually a memorial to Schikaneder, who is depicted playing the role of Papageno in "The Magic Flute".
Schoenelaterngasse (beautiful lantern alley) is a small winding alleyway in the central Vienna. The buildings along the alley date back to Baroque times.
Schoenen laterne (the Beautiful Lantern) is located on a building at nr. 6. Presently exposed lantern is replica, installed here in 1971, the original is currently in the Vienna City Museum.
The house opposite to lantern, at nr. 7, is home to a well known Viennese myth. In 1212, early in the morning, the servant of a baker discovered a basilisk (basilisk is a legendary reptile reputed to be king of serpents and said to have the power to cause death with a single glance) at the bottom of the well in the courtyard. The baker's apprentice noticed the creature and subsequently destroyed it by holding a mirror to it and the basilisk exploded. According to belief, looking directly into its eyes was known to be fatal. The facade of the house tell this tale, which was inscribed in its walls in 1932, using the original text from 1577.
Heiligenkreuzerhof, where now stands Bernardiskapelle, was once, in 1030, the site of a merchants settlement and the home of many exporting traders. It used to lay outside the Roman fortifications of Vindobona. Allegedly, the free standing building from the 12th century had been in the hands of the Lower Austrian Cistercian Order of the Holy Cross (Heiligenkreutz). The building was converted into a single construction after 1547. Its chapel is dedicated to Saint Bernhard and is one of the most beautiful Baroque chapels standing in Vienna. Visits to the chapel are only allowed with conducted guides.
Heiligenkreuzerhof is ensemble of medieval buildings and square in the University District. The place is relatively hidden and not easy to find. The best way of approaching it is via Schoenelaterngasse, a wonderful alley with Baroque and medieval buildings. The chapel of Saint Bernhard and adjacent complex was built by Cistercian Monks, in the 12th and 13th century. Most of the today's buildings was constructed between 1659 and 1676. Bernardiskapelle has very humble exterior and doesn't look as a chapel at all. Above the entrance is the bust of St. Bernhard of Clairvaux. The chapel, as it looks today, was built in 1662 in a Baroque style. It is closed most of the times but recently is very popular venue for the weddings.
This monument was the first attraction that drew my attention when I came out of the metro station Praternstern. In fact, my hotel was in the area of Prater, very close to the monument, so I took underground to get it from the train station in Melding.
Wilhelm von Tagetthoff (1827-1871) Austrian admiral, was considered as the best naval commander of the 19th century, known for his innovative tactics in the naval battles. Von Tagetthoff vigorously pursued a complete reform of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, making it one of the strongest naval forces in the Mediterranean. He is best known for the Battle of Vis (20 July 1866) in the Adriatic Sea, near the island of Vis, because it was a decisive victory for an outnumbered Austrian force over a numerically superior Italian force.
The monument of Tagetthoff stands in Praternstern and is joined work of architect Karl von Hasenauer and sculptor Carl von Kundmann. It consist of 11 meters tall rostral column, complete with frolicking sea horses, created by von Hasenauer, and topped by a bronze statue of admiral von Tagetthoff, some 3.5 meters in height, created by von Kundmann. The monument was finished in 1886.
Techische Universitat, as it is called nowadays, was founded in 1815 by Emperor Franz I under the name of Royal Polytechnic Institute, with the intention to unify all studies of the technical sciences. Technical university has become the driving force of development of Austria into a modern industrial state.
At the present time this university be trained about 26.000 students from Austria and abroad, making it one of the biggest in the Central Europe.
Deutschmeister denkmal is memorial of the imperial and royal infantry regiment "Hoch und Deutschmeister", founded in 1695 in Donauworth. It was named the Regiment of the Grand Master of Teutonic Knights, founded by Franz Ludwig Duke of Bavaria. The monument is designed by the Austrian sculptor Johannes Benk, at the occasion of 200th anniversary of the regiment.
"Hoch und Deutschmeister" is the most glorious military unit in Austrian history, famous from many decisive battles and wars.
Sometimes it happens that in exploring the city we choose the wrong direction and find ourselves lost in space. I was not far from the Donaukanal but tall buildings around prevented me to see some of the famous Vienna landmarks and to find the way out. Salvation appeared in the form of attractive staircase, which is actually located not far from the southern entrance of Museum Quarter, which is in Mariahilferstrasse.
This impressive staircase was built in 1906-1907 and named after Maria Anna Filigrader, who was a bellcaster's widow and lived in this area. She was known for her acts of charity.
Johann Andreas von Liebenberg (1627-1683) was the mayor of Vienna during the second Turkish siege of the town (by Kara Mustafa). He oversaw the preparations for the defense and entrechments and organized militia. Unfortunately, he died two days before the victory of relief army. Liebenberg also rendered great services fighting the plague in Vienna.
On 12 September 1890 he was a memorial in honor of Molker Bastion (opposite to the University of Vienna) reveals. Johann Andreas von Liebenberg is also in the Anker Clock immortalized.
Knights of the Red Cross with the Red Star, or Military Order of the Crusaders of the Red Star is a religious order originating from Bohemia, devoted mainly to offering medical care. The order trace its origins to 1233 in a fraternity of Franciscan tertiaries attached to a hospital in Prague. The Order was established by St. Agnes of Bohemia, making it the only male religious order founded by a woman.
This beautiful palace, situated in Kreuzerherrengasse 1, (right behind St. Charles Boromeo church) is the provincial seat of the Order.
This monument, called "Monument Against War and Fascism", is intended as a memorial to all victims of WW II, but especially to those who were killed by the Nazi regime. There is a very obvious reason that this memorial commemorates all the victims of war, primarily because of the position where has been set. Namely, in this same place at Albertineplatz stood Philipphof house which was destroyed during air raid in 1945 and more than 300 people were buried alive in the ruins.
The monument is work of the Austrian sculptor Alfred Hrdlicka (1928-2009) created in 1991. The sculptor used separate granite elements from Mauthausen, arranging them on the square. The first two elements are called "The Gates of Violence", symbolizing the entrance into Mauthausen concentration camp in the Upper Austria. Mauthausen is the commonly name for the concentration camp which was built around the villages Mauthausen and Gusen.
Not far from Schwedenplatz and next to the Danube-canal you will find this unique building in a kind of late Art Nouveau-style: The Urania ! From its beginnings in 1910 the Urania always was used as a so-called "Volksbildungshaus", that is a place, where people of all ages and all levels of education will be able to learn something new, watch movies about distant parts of the world, about expeditions etc.
Nowadays it is an excellent cinema, a cafe with a great terrace facing the Donaukanal and lots of halls that are rented for speaches and meetings etc.
and from the beginning there was a planetarium as well !
When thinking of Vienna, the image of beauty, sophistication and Art comes to mind. There seems to be something in the air in this city that creates and attracts the best of the best in creative and artistic realms.
This is a proven fact throughout it's history. On a more modern level I saw evidence that this "creative air" survives. One of my favorite sights in Vienna, was a larger than life mural on a wall in the Vienna U-Bahn. Actually, it was a huge advertisement to visit Moscow!
I regret not having taken a picture of it, I will try to describe it to you.
The scene was Red Square. In the middle of Red Square stood a bigger than life sized limousine with a liveried driver, holding the door open for a beautiful woman. She was dripping in diamonds, elegantly robed in a long fur coat and wearing one of those Russian fur hats—both of Sable! The caption, in English: "Visit Moscow!"
This ad was obviously directed towards tourists with deep pockets, rather than the common traveler. It made me smile, a Communist country with a Capitalistic advertisement.
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