Austrian Parliament, Vienna

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  • Austrian Parliament
    by croisbeauty
  • Austrian Parliament
    by croisbeauty
  • Austrian Parliament
    by croisbeauty
  • breughel's Profile Photo

    Austro-Hungarian monarchy.

    by breughel Updated Nov 11, 2013

    5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    A success of the 19th c. Classic revival.

    An Imperial Commission under Emperor Franz Joseph I decided in 1857 that the building’s style should be classical and choose classical Greek architecture as appropriate for the Parliament, since the ideal of democracy is connected to the Ancient Greeks.
    Democracy under the Empire was a more difficult task than to build (architect Baron von Hansen) a construction inspired by the Zappeion in Athens.

    Indeed in 1867 with the Austro-Hungarian Compromise, Hungary obtained autonomy and the Empire became the kaiserliche und königliche Monarchie Österreich-Ungarn (Austro-Hungarian monarchy or k.u.k. Monarchy) also called Doppelmonarchie.

    Can you imagine that Emperor and King Franz Joseph I reigned over a multinational realm comprising modern-day Austria, Hungary, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, large parts of Serbia and Romania and smaller parts of Italy, Montenegro, Poland and Ukraine with 12 official languages! Emperor Franz Joseph spoke German, Hungarian and Czech fluently, and Polish and Italian to some degree.
    All these ethnies were not really in love with each other. For example Hungary and Austria had separate parliaments. Furthermore there were political struggles between conservatives and liberals.

    The dual monarchy dissolved on 31 October 1918. Austria and Hungary became republics. But this is the start of another story.
    The building housed the first form of a parliamentary system for much of the people of Central Europe and is a success of the 19th century Classic revival.
    The fact that the statue of Athena has her back turned to the building was explained by a joke: the Goddess was disgusted by the political infighting at the parliament!

    There are public guided tours for individual visitors in both English and German language from Monday to Saturday at specific times. See the website: www.parlament.gv.at
    No prior appointment is necessary.
    Price 5€, reduced 2,50 €.

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  • y2ketan2007's Profile Photo

    Austrian Parliament

    by y2ketan2007 Written Aug 12, 2007

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    A wonderful parliament building - no other city in the world can boast of a more beautiful government building. Can you imagine that they let you in to witness the proceedings when the parliament is in session.You only need to carry your passport and make a request at the parliament building office.The security staff are so tourist friendly.The fountain in front of the building is superb.

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  • Maryimelda's Profile Photo

    Austrian Parliament Building

    by Maryimelda Written Jan 26, 2010

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    This wonderful building designed by Baron Theophil von Hansen in a Greek revival style as a reminder that Greece was the birthplace of democracy. Building lasted for about 9 years and was finally complete in 1883. The Pallas-Athene-Brunnen or Athena Fountain stands in pride of place in front of the building and is one of the most well known features of the complex.
    The fountain was also designed by von Hansen and building was completed in 1902. It stands on a very ornate base with a water basin in the middle. At the foot of the fountain there are four figures representing the four most important rivers in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The Elbe and Moldau rivers are depicted on the back of the fountain whilt the Danube and Inn are depicted on the front.

    There are guided tours available on most days but unfortunately photography is not permitted inside.

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  • Vanity666's Profile Photo

    Parliament

    by Vanity666 Written Aug 13, 2007

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    Theophil Hansen created the parliament building, constructed from 1873 to 1883 in the style of the Greek Revival. He also created the Pallas Athena Fountain in front of it; this 15-foot figure of the Greek goddess of wisdom is by Karl Kundmann.

    In modern Austria, this is the seat of both the National Council, the lower house of Austria's bicameral parliament whose representatives are elected by popular vote, and the Federal Council, whose members are chosen by the various states to serve in the upper house.

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  • croisbeauty's Profile Photo

    Ringstrasse tour - The Parliament

    by croisbeauty Updated Oct 13, 2013

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    The Parliament Building
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    The Parliament (Hoheshaus) was built on the site of the ancient city fortifications and walls. It was Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria who decided to laid down plans for a Ringstrasse boulevard to replace the old city walls.
    The construction started in 1874 and the building was completed in 1883. It was built in the Greek revival style designed by Austrian architect Teophil Edvard Hansen. Hansen was inspired by the design of the Zappeion in Athens. He is also responsible for the interior decoration, such as statues, paintings, furniture and other decorative elements. For his magnificent work Hansen was honored by Emperor Franz Josef with the title "Freiherr" (baron).
    Today the Parliament building is the seat of the National Council (Nationalrat) and the Federal Council (Bundesrat) of the Austrian Parliament.

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  • croisbeauty's Profile Photo

    Ringstrasse tour - The Parliament, Athene-Brunnen

    by croisbeauty Updated Oct 13, 2013

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    Pallas-Athene-Brunnen
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    Pallas-Athenebrunnen in front of the Parliament portal was erected between 1893and 1902, as a joined work by Carl Kundmann, Josef Tautenhayn and Hugo Haerldt, based on plans by Edvard von Hansen.
    In the middle of the fountain is a water basin and the richly decorated base. The four figures, lying at the foot of Athene are allegorical representations of the four most important rivers of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. At the front is Danube and Inn, in the back the Elbe and Moldau (Vltava). On the sides of the fountain little cupids ride dolphins. The female statues above represents the Legislative and Executive powers of the state.
    They are again dominated by the Goddess of Wisdom, Athene, standing on a pillar. Athene is dressed in armour with a gilden helmet, her left hand carries a spear and her right carries Goddess Nike. The statue of Athene is work of the sculptor Carl Kundmann.

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  • croisbeauty's Profile Photo

    Ringstrasse tour - The Parliament sculptures

    by croisbeauty Updated Oct 13, 2013

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    horse tamer
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    The bronze statues of the horse tamers are located at the two lower ends of the ramp. They are powerful symbol of the suppression of passion, which is an important precondition for successful parliamentary cooperation. The statues were designed and executed by J.Lax in 1897 and 1900....

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  • croisbeauty's Profile Photo

    Ringstrasse tour - The roof of the Parliament

    by croisbeauty Updated Oct 13, 2013

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    quadriga
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    The roof of the Parliament contains eight quadrigas made of bronze, decorating both ends of the roof. The ancient quadriga is a symbol of victory, driven by the Greek Goddess of victory Nike. The attic is rich in symbolism with 76 marble statues and 66 reliefs.
    There are 44 allegorical statues which represent human qualities and branches of human activities, while 32 statues represent famous personalities from classical antiquity.

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  • gubbi1's Profile Photo

    The Parliament - Door Knob

    by gubbi1 Written Jun 22, 2010

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    Door knob of Parliament, Vienna, AT
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    Having a look at the parliament, you should also go up the stairs to se the wonderful door knobs they have spent for the doors. The have beautiful decorations!

    For information about the Austrian parliamant follow the link below (English)...

    Find the parliament on a map...

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  • Jefie's Profile Photo

    Seat of the Austrian Parliament

    by Jefie Updated Dec 25, 2012

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    Main entrance of the Ausrtian Parliament
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    After seeing the stunning parliament building in Budapest, the Austrian one in Vienna appears slightly less impressive, although its classic Greek Revival architecture is very elegant. Its construction began in 1874 and was completed in 1884. About half of the building was destroyed during World War II, but all rooms that are open to the public were restored back to their original design whenever possible. Perhaps the most stunning ones are the Hall of Pillars, a spectacular hall featuring 24 marble pillars that acted as a meeting place between the House of Lords and the House of Representatives, as well as the former House of Representatives chamber, which is now used to hold special events and ceremonies. A visit to the Parliament only costs 5 Euros, and guided tours are offered in English from 11:00 am to 4:00 pm, Monday to Saturday. Tours last about 1h, and our guide was super interesting!

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  • antistar's Profile Photo

    Parliament

    by antistar Updated Apr 26, 2009

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    Parliament, Vienna
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    Around the Hofburg

    When this Greek Revival parliament building was first put into use in the 19th century, its government was responsible for half of the entire Austro-Hungarian empire. This vast body stretched from the Ukraine to Croatia, so it's not surprising to find that the building is itself grand and imperious.

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  • Rupanworld's Profile Photo

    Beautiful parliament house

    by Rupanworld Written Nov 7, 2008

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    Of all the parliament houses I have seen during my travels, I liked the Austrian one most, and in my opinion the architecture is beautiful. The place is amazing and the statue of Athena and all other sculptures in front of the building are really very attractive.

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  • gubbi1's Profile Photo

    The Parliament - Paintings

    by gubbi1 Updated Apr 4, 2011

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    Paintings at Parliament, Vienna, AT
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    Even though you are not a member of the Austrian parliament, I think you should have a look at the nice building. I recommend to go up the stairs to have a view on the nice paintings under the ceiling.

    For information about the Austrian parliamant follow the link below (English)...

    Find the parliament on a map...

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  • robertgaz's Profile Photo

    Parliament

    by robertgaz Updated Sep 11, 2006

    3 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    Parliament

    This grand looking building was constructed between and 1883 and 1918 and is now home of the Austrian Parliament.

    It is directly across the road from the beautiful Volksgarten (People's Garden).

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  • viddra's Profile Photo

    Parlament

    by viddra Written May 12, 2005

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    Parlament
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    Parlament (Parliament) is the place where 2 Houses (Upper-Bundesrat and Lower-Nationalrat) meet.It was designed by Theophil Hansen in 1874-1883 as the parliament building for the Habsburg Empire, but now it's the Austrian Parliament building. It's decorated with statues of Greek and Roman historians, statesmen and scholars.
    We had the chance to walk the corridors of this impressive building and hear some interesting facts from the Austrian political stage.

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