I rarely reluctant visit parks when exploring the cities, it is because of an unpleasant experience in my youth. Besides, various freaks could hang in the parks and meeting them and their life stories isn't my cup of tea. I dabbled in Volksgarten for a short break, it was hot day and strolling around wasn't an easy task.
Volksgarten is integrated into the complex of Hofburg, built on the site where used to be the old bastion, destroyed by Napoleonic troops in 1809. The park, laid out in 1821, was first intended for Habsburg Dukes but was later open to the public.
I personally prefer parks that resemble the natural reserves, hence the English type of parks. French type of park, as Volksgarten is, has strict and default forms that, in some way, could hinder the visitor.
The last expansion of Horburg was in 1860, after the demolition of the city walls. An Imperial Forum (Kaiserforum) was planned with a two winged structure reaching beyond the Ringstrasse. The project was led by Gottfried Semper and later by Karl Freiherr von Hasenauer. The museums at Maria Theresian Platz were completed in 1891, but construction of the rest of the forum dragged on slowly and conflicted since no real fumction could be found for such enormous construction project.
In 1913 the Neue Burg was completed, however, the Imperial Forum was never finished. In its place, Heroes Square (Heidenplatz) and Maria Therese Square were laid. The Neue Burg today houses a number of museums, such as Ephesus Museum, Arms and Armor Collection, The Museum of Ethnology etc.
In 1938, from the balcony of the Neue Burg, Adolf Hitler proclaimed the "Anschluss" of Austria into the Deutches Reich (the Third Reich).
Austrian flag has three equal horizontal bands of red, white and red, and it is the second oldest flag in use at least since 1230, after the Danish flag (which has been in use since 1219).
The flag traces back to the coat of arms of the medieval Babenberg dynasty, rulers of Austria from 976 to 1246. The Babenberg margrave Leopold III of Austria (1095-1136) was depicted with the triband shield in 1105. The last from the Babenberg dynasty, Frederick II of Austria (1230-1246), nicknamed the "Quarrelsome" (or Warlike), designed a new coat of arms in red-white-red. The triband is first documented in a seal of a deed issued on 30 November 1230, confirming the privileges of Lilienfeld Abbey (Cistercian monastery south of Sankt Poelten).
The civil flag of Austria has red-white-red bands, while the state and war flag, same as naval ensign is with the coat of arms surmounted.
Franz II (1768-1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until 1806, when he dissolved the empire. After the disastrous defeat at the battle of Austerlitz, in 1804, he had founded the Austrian Empire and became Franz I, the first emperor of Austria, ruling until 1835. He was also apostolic king of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia.
Francis was born in Florence where his father (later of Emperor Leopold II) reigned as Grand Duke from 1765-1790. Since his uncle Joseph II had no children, Francis was sent to the Imperial Court in Vienna to educate and prepare him for his future role of emperor. After the death of Joseph II in 1790, Francis's father became Emperor Leopold II. In the age of 24, after his father died, Francis was Emperor, much sooner than he was expected.
After three defeats against France, in 1813 Austria turned against France and joined Great Britain, Russia, Prussia and Sweden in their final war against Napoleon. Austria played a major role in the final defeat of France. At the Congress of Vienna, after the war ended, Francis' chancellor Prince von Metternich was largely dominated and it culminating in a new European map and the restoration of Francis' ancient dominions.
The statue of Emperor Franz I of Austria (a.k.a. Franz II, Holy Roman Emperor) dominates in the center of the Hofburg courtyard, which originally was a parade ground. The monument was created in 1824-1846, by Italian sculptor Pompeo Marchesi. The statue shows emperor in a classical Roman attire, set atop a tall plynth, surrounded by four other statues depicting the imperial virtues: religion, peace, justice and strength.
Danubiusbrunnen is a monumental fountain in the Albertinaplatz, its central part is the composition of an allegorical relationship between Vindobona (Roman name for Vienna) and the river Danubius (Danube). On each side of the fountain were originally five niches with allegorical representations of the rivers Inn, Sava, Drau, Tisza, Mur, Salzagh, March, Raab, Genns and Traun, showing the power and size of the Habsburg Empire.
Fountain was severely damaged in a bomb attack on Vienna, 12 March 1945, aand the recovery after W W II took place in a very reduced form, merely Danubius and Vindobona and the allegories of Sava and Tisza remained. The niches in which the other rivers were placed, were bricked up.
The Old University of Vienna, now Academie der Wissenschaften, is located in the neighboring building complex of the Jesuit College and the church. For one hundred years it was the main building of the Vienna University and housed the medical and legal faculties. On the ground floor were the anatomical theatre (the first in Vienna), the surgical lecture hall and the chemical laboratory. The center of the building is the ceremonial hall, Joseph Haydn and Ludwig van Beethoven once conducted in this splendid aula. Actually, it is where Beethoven's Seventh Symphony had its premiere.
In 1857 the building was assigned to the Imperial Academy of Sciences. Since 1947 it is Austrian Academy of Sciences, founded by Emperor Ferdinand I in 1847.
The Old Jesuit Monastery and College, faces the Academie der Wissenschaften. It was Emperor Ferdinand I who called the Jesuits to Vienna in 1551, just eleven years after the Jesuit order was established. After Pragmatic Sanction of 1623 the Jesuit society, amid considerable protest, took control of most of the university and began building its new college. In the middle of the 18th century, Empress Maria Theresa ensured that the Jesuits lost a great deal of their former influence on university life as they had greatly neglected the secular faculties. The university became an educational establishment of the state.
Dom Museum and Diozesanmuseum, on the Stephenplatz 6, was founded in 1933 in the Palace of the Abbots of Zwettli. The museum contents extensive painting and sculpture collections, including the very fine Renaissance works. The part with the Cathedral treasury contains rare works, such as the portrait of Duke Rudolf IV from 1365, two ancient Syrian vases and a magnificent altar piece from 1460.
This museum has antiques and displays that present over 1000 years of Roman catholic history in Austria. The museum is open from 10am to 8pm, Saturday from 10am to 16pm. Closed on Sundays and holidays.
Neuer Markt is one of the oldest square in Vienna, since 1220 onwards it served as a corn and vegetable market but also a place where the court and nobility could come to skate. Today it is a large parking lot and a feeder for the Kaertnerstrasse pedestrian zone. The square is rectangular in shape and closed completely with the 18th and 18th century buildings.
Joseph Haydn, the great Austrian composer, lived where where number 2 stands and it is where he wrote the Austrian anthem. Here on this square you can find a lot of nice cafes, shops, restaurants and bars. The central part of the square is occupied by the Donnerbrunnen and it is one of the favorite meeting points for Viennese people.
Capuchin church is known from 1632, when Capuchin monks moved here. It is a small church, not so impressive inside.
Anyway, it is famous as it houses so called Imperial crypt. Honestly I don't know if it is possible to visit it inside. It houses tombs of Hapsburg family emperors and empresses, also other members of that family, even 107 sarcophagi.
Holy Trinity church was built with an initiative of Trinitarian Order. This order moved to Vienna in around 1688. The church was built already in 1702 in early Baroque style, as information tells. Anyway, the years of construction doesn't suit for early Baroque :)
The church is very famous for one fact - in 1827, the dead body of Ludwig van Beethoven was laid here. Plate on the church tells this fact, that is very important for classical music lovers.
University of Vienna is one of the largest and oldest in Europe. It was founded in 1365, also it is as oldest university in German - speaking World.
Nowadays main complex of university is not so old. It was built in 1877 - 1884 by Heinrich von Ferstel. It is possible to find neo - Renaissance style here.
Maybe it is not known, it is not one of must see sights in Vienna, but I had a chance to visit it, as my friend in Vienna studies here. Thanks to him I had nice experience to see one of foreign universities.
Such unusual memorial (I found it strange in this part of Europe) was built in 1945. It was constructed in commemorate 17 000 Soviet soldiers, who lost their lives in battle of Vienna during Second World War.
Vienna had 4 occupation zones in 1945. One belonged to Soviet, so small part of this zone was also used for monument.
As I like Ancient history of Europe, Ancient Greece and Rome, I was lucky to see remains of Roman building just in the centre of Vienna. Really greatly presented and not destroyed object shows long history of Vienna city, that it is not only the treasure of Austrian-Hungarian Empire, but also of Ancient Europe too.
In 1697 on behalf of Prince Eugene, Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach began with the construction of the Palais. 1702 the work was taken over by Johann Lucas von Hildebrandt and was used by Prinz Eugen as a winter palais. Since 1848 it was the K.K. Ministry of Finance, then the Federal Ministry of Finance. After some extensive restorations it opened in october 2013 as part of the Belvedere with an exhibition to mark the 350th birthday of the field marshal Prince Eugene of Savoy (until april 27. 2014).
Open daily from 10 am to 6 pm, € 9 or € 25 in combination with Upper, Lower Belvedere, Orangerie, Stable and 20er Haus.
The buffet breakfast is spectacular. The two men at the concierge desk are two of the most handsome...more
the hotel imperial is located downtown within walking distance of many of the sights of vienna. this...more
We have spent there few days just before Christmas in 2008. Not the best location but good anyway. ...more