At the center of Maria Theresien Platz stands a colossal monument, depicting Empress Maria Theresa, namesake of the square. The memorial of Maria Theresa is the most important from the habsburger era, it was constructed under the lead of Kaspar von Zumbusch, in a 13 years construction period. The monument was revealed ceremoniously in the year 1888.
The monument is 19m high and approximately 44 tons heavy, pictures the Empress in a 6m large bronze statue. Maria Theresa greets the people with her right hand and in the left hand she holds a scroll of the Pragmatische Sanction (the Pragmatic Sanction) and a scepter. Pragmatic Sanction is an edict issued in 1713 by Emperor Charles VI, that allowed women to ascend the throne. The statue is surrounded by four horsemen, representing her most faithful generals.
The Empress is surrounded by some of her closest advisors; von Kaunitz, the chancellor of state, van Swieten, her physician, Lichtenstein, director of the artillery forces and Count von Haugwitz, who reformed the economy, all of them shown standing near the pedestal.
The monuments of the Empress Maria Theresa is classified as a world cultural heritage.
Maria Theresa Walburga Amalia Christina (1717-1780) was the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominions and the last of the House of Habsburg. She started her 40-year reign when her father, Emperor Charles VI, died in 1740. Maria Theresa and her husband Francis I had sixteen children, but not all of them survived. Her father, Emperor Charles VI, left the empire in a pretty poor conditions and Maria Theresa found herself in a difficult situation; without money, without credit, without army and without experience and knowledge how to rule.
Maria Theresa was the absolute sovereign who ruled by the counsel of her advisers. She promulgated many reforms and reorganized Austria's military which strengthened international standings of the empire. However, she refused to allow religious toleration. She left revitalized empire that influenced the rest of Europe throughout the 19th century. Her descendents followed her example and continuing reforming the empire. Maria Theresa's introduction of compulsory schooling, as a means of Germanisation, eventually triggered the revival of Czech culture.
The first time I put feet on the Theresienplatz was in 1968 and I had no time to admire neither the monument nor the garden. I was on a business trip and had only 15 minutes between two appointments to run to room X to see the Bruegels.
Fortunately I could come back several times and spent more attention to the monument of Maria Theresa.
Meanwhile I learned a bit more about one of the greatest and most clever sovereigns in Europe. She reigned from 1740 till 1780 but the monument is from 1888 more than a century after her death and ordered by Emperor Franz-Joseph I.
It is a very imposing monument by Caspar Zumbusch with a total height of 19 m, the statue oh the seated Empress is 6 m high. The total weight of the bronze statues is 44 ton. Not surprising that it is the most important monument of the Habsburg monarchy. Fifteen years were needed to finish it.
The project for the themes of the monument was provided by the historian Alfred Ritter von Arneth, who wrote an extensive monograph on Maria Theresa.
My favored sculptures are those of the "Feldherren" generals because I just find them the most elegant.
Beneath the monument is a cavity structure with pillars in order to spread evenly the forces over the ground. This cavity was used in 1945 by the Russian army to store weapons!
Mariaheresiaplatz is a large public square situated in between Neue Hoffburg and the Museumquartier. The architects in charge, who designed this beautiful square, were Gottfried Semper and Karl Freiherr von Hasenauer. The square was designed in Italian neo-Renaissance style on order of Emperor Franz Josef I, in the process of remodeling the Ringstrasse where the old city walls of Vienna had been torn down. The two architects erected almost identical buildings in between which stands the large statue depicting Empress Maria Theresa, namesake of the square. The square have been constructed between 1872 and 1891.
Maria Theresien Platz is a large square in the centre of Vienna. It is surrounded by the Ringstrasse, the MuseumsQuartier, the Naturhistorisches Museum, and the Kunsthistorisches Museum.
Around the square are some statues and fountains, but the highlight is the huge monument in the centre of the square. It was raised in 1888, and honours Maria Theresien (1717-1780), who reigned for forty years and was the only female ruler of the Habsburg Empire.
Maria-Theresia-Platz is the large park between Naturhistorisches Museum and Kunsthistorisches Museum with a great monument in the centre and a beautiful park with plenty of benches around it. Kaspar von Zumbusch created the monument with empress Maria-Theresia sitting on her throne, surrounded by her best generals, sitting on their horses. The persons standing around of her throne are her noble counsellors and her doctor van Swieten . Take a closer look at all the beautiful street-lamps at the square : all of them have a royal cown on top !
The Maria-Theresien-Square is located southwest to the Hofburg and is a good example of baroque city planning. Right in the middle, there is a statue of Empress Maria Theresia, one of the best-known sovereigns of her time. The garden was designed in a typical baroque layout. The Naturhistorisches Museum (Natural History Museum, 1899) and the Kunsthistorisches Museum (Historical Art Museum, 1891) are newer, but fit very well into the layout.
Maria Terezia Denkmal is located in Maria Theresien Platz. It is large square who joining the Ringstrase with the Museumsquartier, a museum of modern arts located in the former Imperial Stables. Actually there are two identical buildings on the square Natural History Museum and The Art History Museum.
The two museums and the square adjoining them were built in 1819, and in the centre of the square is a large statue depicting Empress Marie-Theresa of Austro-Hungaria.
The most beloved and widely regarded as the greatest ruler of Habsburgs, this mother of 16 ruled for over 40 years. This statue is located between two museums, the Naturhistorsches Museum and the Kunsthistorisches Museum and across the street from the Heldenplatz. Maria Theresia reformed the army and economy as well as improved civil rights.
The Maria Theresien Platz and Memorial is just by the Kunsthistorisches Museum and the Naturhistorisches Museum. It's an impressive place to see, altought it was too crowded due to December's christmas market and their record number of tourists in this year's December. They will charge you quite a lot to get to museums so I can't tell you what it's like inside :) but the memorial looks great and it includes most important people from her times, such as Kaunitz, van Swieten, Haugwitz,....
Maria Theresien Denkmal (Maria Theresia Memorial) is really impressive with its bronze figures. It was made in 1874-1888 to honour Empress Maria Theresia, a very popular monarch who introduced many reforms (schooling became compulsory, the Universities became State Institutions, etc.) and who had 16 children (11 daughters and 5 sons).
Maria-Theresien-Platz is the square that sits between the Kunsthistorisches Museum and the Natural History Museum. Its focal point is the monument built in 1888 dedicated to Maria Theresa (1717-1780), the only woman to ever rule the Habsburg dynasty. She took the throne in 1740. She is regarded by many historians to be the saviour of the Habsburg Empire.
Probably the most influential & famous Empress in the history of Austria.
At age 23, she single handedly defended her cause against the rest of Europe & undertook major reforms in the country.
A highly respected & honored lady :-)
Well, but back to the park. Central statue as the name of the square evocates is Empress Maria Theresa and her "men of cabinet such as Swieten, Kaunitz, Liechteinstein, Haugwitz"and sitting on horses you can see statues of dukes Duan, Laudon, Traun and Khevenhuller. The whole object is work of sculptor Kabol on request of Emperor Franz Josef I. The statue was revealed in 1887.
This is really one of my favourite in Vienna. There is a baroque garden (or park) situated between two identical buildings. Boths are museums, on your right side (if you are coming from the direction of Hofburg) there is Museum of history and nature with great collections of historic animal species, rocks etc etc. and on your left side there is a Museum of Art. It is must see :) but take good shoes because your feet will strike after so long walk there. You can send there hours and hours.