Maria Theresia Platz, Vienna
The first time I put feet on the Theresienplatz was in 1968 and I had no time to admire neither the monument nor the garden. I was on a business trip and had only 15 minutes between two appointments to run to room X to see the Bruegels.
Fortunately I could come back several times and spent more attention to the monument of Maria Theresa.
Meanwhile I learned a bit more about one of the greatest and most clever sovereigns in Europe. She reigned from 1740 till 1780 but the monument is from 1888 more than a century after her death and ordered by Emperor Franz-Joseph I.
It is a very imposing monument by Caspar Zumbusch with a total height of 19 m, the statue oh the seated Empress is 6 m high. The total weight of the bronze statues is 44 ton. Not surprising that it is the most important monument of the Habsburg monarchy. Fifteen years were needed to finish it.
The project for the themes of the monument was provided by the historian Alfred Ritter von Arneth, who wrote an extensive monograph on Maria Theresa.
My favored sculptures are those of the "Feldherren" generals because I just find them the most elegant.
Beneath the monument is a cavity structure with pillars in order to spread evenly the forces over the ground. This cavity was used in 1945 by the Russian army to store weapons!
FOR ME, Maria-Theresa-Platz, was one of the nicest squares in Vienna.
The square is onlypaved where you walk and is split into four sections, with the Monument of Empress Maria Theresa located in the centre. [next tip]
Two historical buildings, the Naturhistorisches Museum and the Kunsthistorisches Museum face each other across the square. Both of these buildings are attractive and have many sculptures and details on their facades. They overlook the Monument of Empress Maria Theresa, and a garden of lawn full of neatly trimmed shrubs, many more statues, fountains and seating. It is a wonderful place to take photos of the Museums from.
It is very easy to reach,as it's located directly at the Ringstrasse.
Metro U3 and U2 station Volkstheater, U2 station Museumsquartier
The Maria Theresa Platz is open all the time except for when the Christmas Village is held here.
Open in the advent time daily from 11 - 11pm
During the advent time the whole place is a big Christmas Village.
Maria-Theresia Platz is home to four beautiful Fountains featuring Nymphs and Tritons.
The only fountain I can find information on is "The Triton and Naiad Fountain' by Hugo Härdtl. This marble fountain is one of four similar fountain's depicting a Triton with a Naiad.
Here, the Triton is an old bearded and naked man with only a cloth flowing over his right thigh. He is sitting on a conch shell and is holding a paddle whilst a naked Naiad offers him a strand of pearls. Water spouts out of the mouths of fish and a turtle at the base.
The other fountains are similar and are worth seeing, even when not operating.
After viewing the Kunsthistorisches Museum, I moved onto a huge monument I had seen in the centre of the park. Unfortunately, this Memorial was being restored or cleaned!
It looked huge and was huge! - 19 metres high and weighing in at approx 44 tons. The 6 metre large bronze statue of a woman sitting on the Throne was of Empress, Maria Theresa. She iis portrayed greeting the people with her right hand and in the left hand she is holding a scroll issued by Emperor Charles VI, that allowed women to ascend the throne.
The Empress is surrounded by some of her closest advisors. Four of her generals are shown on horseback. The chancellor of state, her physician, director of the artillery forces and Count von Haugwitz, who reformed the economy are shown standing near the pedestal.
Maria Theresa has been considered one of the best rulers of the Habsburg dynasty. She did find it difficult at the start because of being female. Eventually she ruled Austria and many other European regions for 40 years from 1740 to 1780. A Catholic, she had 16 children (among them the infamous Marie Antoinette of France). As a popular leader, Maria Theresa introduced many good reforms in finance, education, healthcare, and civil rights.
It is an impressive monument in memory to this great woman, the only female ruler of the Habsburg Empire. The square the monument is situated in, is named after her.
The monument is classified as a World Cultural Heritage
At the center of Maria Theresien Platz stands a colossal monument, depicting Empress Maria Theresa, namesake of the square. The memorial of Maria Theresa is the most important from the habsburger era, it was constructed under the lead of Kaspar von Zumbusch, in a 13 years construction period. The monument was revealed ceremoniously in the year 1888.
The monument is 19m high and approximately 44 tons heavy, pictures the Empress in a 6m large bronze statue. Maria Theresa greets the people with her right hand and in the left hand she holds a scroll of the Pragmatische Sanction (the Pragmatic Sanction) and a scepter. Pragmatic Sanction is an edict issued in 1713 by Emperor Charles VI, that allowed women to ascend the throne. The statue is surrounded by four horsemen, representing her most faithful generals.
The Empress is surrounded by some of her closest advisors; von Kaunitz, the chancellor of state, van Swieten, her physician, Lichtenstein, director of the artillery forces and Count von Haugwitz, who reformed the economy, all of them shown standing near the pedestal.
The monuments of the Empress Maria Theresa is classified as a world cultural heritage.
Maria Theresa Walburga Amalia Christina (1717-1780) was the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominions and the last of the House of Habsburg. She started her 40-year reign when her father, Emperor Charles VI, died in 1740. Maria Theresa and her husband Francis I had sixteen children, but not all of them survived. Her father, Emperor Charles VI, left the empire in a pretty poor conditions and Maria Theresa found herself in a difficult situation; without money, without credit, without army and without experience and knowledge how to rule.
Maria Theresa was the absolute sovereign who ruled by the counsel of her advisers. She promulgated many reforms and reorganized Austria's military which strengthened international standings of the empire. However, she refused to allow religious toleration. She left revitalized empire that influenced the rest of Europe throughout the 19th century. Her descendents followed her example and continuing reforming the empire. Maria Theresa's introduction of compulsory schooling, as a means of Germanisation, eventually triggered the revival of Czech culture.
Mariaheresiaplatz is a large public square situated in between Neue Hoffburg and the Museumquartier. The architects in charge, who designed this beautiful square, were Gottfried Semper and Karl Freiherr von Hasenauer. The square was designed in Italian neo-Renaissance style on order of Emperor Franz Josef I, in the process of remodeling the Ringstrasse where the old city walls of Vienna had been torn down. The two architects erected almost identical buildings in between which stands the large statue depicting Empress Maria Theresa, namesake of the square. The square have been constructed between 1872 and 1891.
Maria-Theresia-Platz is the large park between Naturhistorisches Museum and Kunsthistorisches Museum with a great monument in the centre and a beautiful park with plenty of benches around it. Kaspar von Zumbusch created the monument with empress Maria-Theresia sitting on her throne, surrounded by her best generals, sitting on their horses. The persons standing around of her throne are her noble counsellors and her doctor van Swieten . Take a closer look at all the beautiful street-lamps at the square : all of them have a royal cown on top !
The Maria-Theresien-Square is located southwest to the Hofburg and is a good example of baroque city planning. Right in the middle, there is a statue of Empress Maria Theresia, one of the best-known sovereigns of her time. The garden was designed in a typical baroque layout. The Naturhistorisches Museum (Natural History Museum, 1899) and the Kunsthistorisches Museum (Historical Art Museum, 1891) are newer, but fit very well into the layout.
Maria Theresien square is in Ring strasse, near gates to Hofburgs. There is the big sculpture of Maria Theresa - the Austrian-Hungarian empress, who was very important historical person. The dominant buildings of square are museums of history.
Some people in this side of city offer to take photo at the panorama of Maria Theresa and whole square.
At the center of multiple museums located just off the Ringstrasse, Marietheresienplatz is a well maintained Baroque garden commissioned by Emperor Franz Josef I. It is flanked on each side by the Kunsthistorisches and Naturhistorisches Museums. To the south and across a major thoroughfare is the Museum Quarter with several modern art museums and the Exhibition Square.
At the center of the garden, an heroic statue of the Empress is one of the most impressive we saw in a city of remarkable statuary. It dates to 1887 ( sculptor Kaspar von Zumbusch ) and depicts her seated on a throne and holding the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713. This document circumvented the need for a male Hapsburg heir and enabled her to become empress and ruler over an undivided Hapsburg legacy. Surrounding her ( images 2,4 ) are the standing figures of four VIPs of the period - Chancellor Kaunitz, Prince Liechtenstein, Count Haugwitz, and her private doctor named van Swieten. Four important Austrian generals are depicted on horseback. The figures in relief are drawn from the arts and include Haydn and Mozart. This great piece occupies center stage and fills it more than adequately.
And all along the Ringstrasse are further sculptures of famed Austrians, here Goethe (image 5).
EMPRESS MARIA THERESIA (1717-80) - ranked among the 30 most influential women of the 2nd millenium, the eldest daughter and oldest surviving child of HRE Charles VI. Despite the pragmatic sanction, she faced upon her ascendancy the Seven Year War of Succession, but survived with concessions to become the absolute ruler of Austria and all of its possessions. Austria was at the time an impoverished nation with a small underpaid army and a host of enemy nations. History judges that she was neither well educated or particularly intelligent but, surrounding herself with brilliant advisors such as her Chancellor Kaunitz, she successfully established autocratic control until the death of her second husband in 1765 and then until her death through her son Joseph II. She is most famed as a reformer who reorganized the agricultural system, the army, and the locus of political power ( centralized, in her control ). An expert at political gain through marriage, her 16 children were married to ruling family members in multiple countries most famously Marie Antoinette in France and included two Holy Roman Emperors. Her rule was politically conservative colored by her devout Catholic faith. She had little use for Protestants and was virulently anti-Jewish ( the Terezin concentration camp in the Czech Republic is named in her memory, by her son Joseph II who ironically was far more tolerant of non-Catholics than his mother ). Maria Theresia fostered everything from smallpox innoculations to increased freedom for peasants to codes of civil rights banishing torture, witch burnings, and capital punishment. Most historians agree that her greatest asset was a domineering personality cloaked in a pleasant demeanor. All in all, a remarkable woman whose exploits obviously far exceed the space to detail them here.
Maria Terezia Denkmal is located in Maria Theresien Platz. It is large square who joining the Ringstrase with the Museumsquartier, a museum of modern arts located in the former Imperial Stables. Actually there are two identical buildings on the square Natural History Museum and The Art History Museum.
The two museums and the square adjoining them were built in 1819, and in the centre of the square is a large statue depicting Empress Marie-Theresa of Austro-Hungaria.
Going through the Heldentor (hero's gates) from the Hofburg and across the ring, one reaches the magnificent Theresia Platz (Theresie Square). Here you stand between two huge buildings, that house two main museums of Vienna. These museums actually started out as collections of the Habsburgian emperors and contain the Austrian Museum on Arthistory and the Natural historic museum. The buildings architects were no-one less then Semper and Hasenauer (the first was also the architect of the famous Dresdner Opera house). Inside the collections are extravagantly rich, but ... let it not make you forget to look up and around: the palaces are also of outstanding beauty.
In the middle of the square one finds the statue of Habsburg empress Theresia, that was one of the most gifted and beloved emperors of the Austrian-Hungarian double monarchy.
The most beloved and widely regarded as the greatest ruler of Habsburgs, this mother of 16 ruled for over 40 years. This statue is located between two museums, the Naturhistorsches Museum and the Kunsthistorisches Museum and across the street from the Heldenplatz. Maria Theresia reformed the army and economy as well as improved civil rights.
The Maria Theresien Platz and Memorial is just by the Kunsthistorisches Museum and the Naturhistorisches Museum. It's an impressive place to see, altought it was too crowded due to December's christmas market and their record number of tourists in this year's December. They will charge you quite a lot to get to museums so I can't tell you what it's like inside :) but the memorial looks great and it includes most important people from her times, such as Kaunitz, van Swieten, Haugwitz,....