Located at the centre of the Volksgarten, is the impressive neo-classiscal Theseus temple.
This scaled-down replica is of the Temple of Hephaestus (Theseion) in the Ancient Agora of Athens. The temple was originally built between 1820 and 1823 and once housed the statue 'Theseus and the Minotaur' by Antonio Canova. The statue is now inside the Kunsthistorisches Museum.
After renovations in 2010, it was painted in the original colour of pure white. It's a really great addition to the gardens.
Out the front of the Theseus Temple, is a bronze sculpture of a nude adolescent Athlete made by Josef Mullner in 1921.
Firstly, are the two fountains, one built in 1866 and known as the Volksgarten-Fountain, this was my favourite. The other was the Triton and Nymph Fountain created in 1880. This was a nice fountain too, especially as it was surrounded by flowering Tulips.
Another interesting Monument which is made from marble, is of Franz Grillparzer, a poet and playwright. Grillparzer is flanked by reliefs depicting scenes from his plays.
Another monument which I didn't see, is of Empress Elisabeth, unveiled in 1907.
When the city fortifications were destroyed by Napoleon in 1809, it was decided to make the area into two gardens. One was the Burggarten, to be used exclusively for the imperial family, which is now open to the public.
The other, the Volksgarten, was made for the public and officially opened in 1823. In 1862, the gardens were extended toward Ringstrasse after the city moat had was filled.
The garden/park is laid out in French formal style with geometric flowerbeds and a beautiful rose garden which wasn't flowering in May. I found some decorative fountains, monuments and the Theseus Temple, a replica of a Greek temple. I loved the Lilacs that were loaded in lavender & purple flowers, this was early May.
The Park has plenty of chairs and benches.
Entrances to the Park are from Heldenplatz, Burgtheater and Ringstrasse across from the Austrian Parliament
Usually from April till October from 6 P- 10PM
November till March from 6:30 -7pm
How to Get There
U-Bahn: U3 Volkstheater
TRAM 1 or 2
This temple, a reduced copy (14 x 25 m) of the temple of Theseus in Athens (Theseion also called Hephaisteion, 14 x 32 m) was built between 1819 and 1823 by architect Peter von Nobile. It was intended to keep the sculpture of "Theseus Slaying the Centaur" from Antonio Canova the very famous Italian sculptor (1757 – 1822). In 1890 the sculpture was moved to the most beautiful hall under the cupola of the Kunsthistorisches Museum (ref. my reviews).
Those who have seen the temple before the restoration finished in 2010 will have a shock like I had on my recent visit. Before the temple showed a nice patina, now it is all uniformly white painted.
Actually when build the temple had been painted white with a painting of that time containing lead white pigment called White lead (Bleiweiß in German). This painting tended to cause lead poisoning, and its use has been banned in most countries. It would also darken somewhat by exposure to acid air so that a patina similar to that of original Greek monuments appeared on the walls of this temple.
The new painting is based on white pigment Titanium dioxide what explains the surprising brilliant white uniform color for a monument supposed to be a copy of an ancient Greek temple.
This is special place to relax and take a walk in green surrounding in the centre of Vienna. The park, in my opinion, famous about its plants - lot of roses and every rose is different from each over - by color, type. As I know it is the most popular public park for Viennese.
Volksgarten in English is “Park of people”. The great attraction of this park is the temple of Theseus with sculptures. For real, this temple of Ancient Greece is only a copy of real one. Emperors really wanted to adorn Vienna with such things like copies of ancient architecture, parks. It showed their roots with Ancient history and their former glory.
It houses some kind of free gallery, museum inside, but it was not so interesting, but probably they place more interesting art here too.
Volksgarten is a big parki right in the centre of the city, around 200 years old, and a beautiful place to spend some time relaxing.
The park includes, if you're in Vienna in the right season, stunning rose gardens, plus the Theseus temple and a monument to Empress Elisabeth of Austria-Hungary, water features and various statues.
In summer it's open from 6am to 10pm
The Volksgarten is a nice public park in the centre of Vienna (near the Hofburg Palace complex and the Parliament). It was opened around 1820, making it one of the first recreational areas in the city.
Inside the park are trees, flowers, fountains, a pond, and several statues and monuments (like the monument honoring poet and playwright Franz Grillparzer). And at the centre of the park you'll find the Theseus Temple which is a replica of the Temple of Hephaestus (Theseion) in Athens. The temple is used for exhibitions and installations of contemporary art.
It was the best period of the year to visit the Volksgarten as all roses were blossoming in this park built over the destroyed city fortifications; actually in many European cities the fortifications were replaced by parks or avenues.
It is a really nice park not only for the famous rose gardens but also for the views one has on the monumental buildings of the neo-Greek style Parliament, the neo-Gothic Rathaus and the next standing Burgtheater a mix of neo-Renaissance and neo-Baroque style. (All this monumental part of Vienna is neo-something).
Above the trees appear the cupolas of the museums KHM and NHM.
In the Volksgarten stands the monument of Empress Elisabeth of Austria-Hungary (Sissi) and as shown in the back of my photo the monument of Franz Grillparzer (1791 – 1872) an Austrian writer who is chiefly known for his dramas. There are also fountains and of course cafés.
But most visible, excessively white since it was restored in 2011, is the temple of Theseus built in 1823 as a reduced copy of the Theseus temple in Athens.
When Napoleon's troops managed to seize and occupy Vienna at the beginning of the 19th century, one of his symbolic gestures was to have the city walls and fortifications destroyed since they had proven so ineffectual at keeping him out. In the years that followed his defeat and departure, the area thus left vacant was landscaped and transformed into public gardens, including Burggarten and Volksgarten. While Burggarten is attached to the Hofburg Palace and remained private for several years after its completion, the intention always was that Volksgarten should become a public garden - hence its name - and it was first opened to the public in 1820. It stands in front of the Parliament, and is well known, among other things for its rose gardens and statue of Empress Elisabeth completed in 1907 by Friedrich Ohmann. Strangely enough, the park is also home to one of Vienna's most popular nightclubs.
The Volksgarten I love this pretty park located near the Burg theatre. As well as being pretty itself, it also has great views towards other buildings such as the parliament and Burg Theatre. Wonderful rose gardens and ponds.
Around the Hofburg
The Volksgarten was designed in the early 19th century, and have seen a number of famous concerts performed. Its most prominent possession is the Theseus Temple, a faux Greek building in the same style as the Parliament building that overlooks the gardens.
Especially nice in spring and summer. Volksgarten is opposite Rathaus/City Hall and Parliament. There is a big rose garden, a monument of Brahms (in the picture), the Sisi Monument (picture) and the "Theseus Temple", a neoclassicist building that is used for minor exhibits.
Just like the Burggarten, the Volksgarten was laid out after the Napoleon destroyed the original defensive walls around the Hofburg. The garden, which was opened to the public in 1820, is bigger and more landscaped than the Burggarten. The garden's central feature is the Temple of Theseus which was built by Peter von Nobile in 1823. it was originally built to house a statue of a Greek God which has since been moved to the Kunsthistorisches Museum.
The volksgarten is made beutiful by some really nice rose gardens. There are also a number of memorials, some rather grand, dotted around the garden. Dont miss the one to Empress Elizabeth at the Burgtheater end of the garden and the temple at the centre.