This temple, a reduced copy (14 x 25 m) of the temple of Theseus in Athens (Theseion also called Hephaisteion, 14 x 32 m) was built between 1819 and 1823 by architect Peter von Nobile. It was intended to keep the sculpture of "Theseus Slaying the Centaur" from Antonio Canova the very famous Italian sculptor (1757 – 1822). In 1890 the sculpture was moved to the most beautiful hall under the cupola of the Kunsthistorisches Museum (ref. my reviews).
Those who have seen the temple before the restoration finished in 2010 will have a shock like I had on my recent visit. Before the temple showed a nice patina, now it is all uniformly white painted.
Actually when build the temple had been painted white with a painting of that time containing lead white pigment called White lead (Bleiweiß in German). This painting tended to cause lead poisoning, and its use has been banned in most countries. It would also darken somewhat by exposure to acid air so that a patina similar to that of original Greek monuments appeared on the walls of this temple.
The new painting is based on white pigment Titanium dioxide what explains the surprising brilliant white uniform color for a monument supposed to be a copy of an ancient Greek temple.
This is special place to relax and take a walk in green surrounding in the centre of Vienna. The park, in my opinion, famous about its plants - lot of roses and every rose is different from each over - by color, type. As I know it is the most popular public park for Viennese.
Volksgarten in English is “Park of people”. The great attraction of this park is the temple of Theseus with sculptures. For real, this temple of Ancient Greece is only a copy of real one. Emperors really wanted to adorn Vienna with such things like copies of ancient architecture, parks. It showed their roots with Ancient history and their former glory.
It houses some kind of free gallery, museum inside, but it was not so interesting, but probably they place more interesting art here too.
Volksgarten is a big parki right in the centre of the city, around 200 years old, and a beautiful place to spend some time relaxing.
The park includes, if you're in Vienna in the right season, stunning rose gardens, plus the Theseus temple and a monument to Empress Elisabeth of Austria-Hungary, water features and various statues.
In summer it's open from 6am to 10pm
The Volksgarten is a nice public park in the centre of Vienna (near the Hofburg Palace complex and the Parliament). It was opened around 1820, making it one of the first recreational areas in the city.
Inside the park are trees, flowers, fountains, a pond, and several statues and monuments (like the monument honoring poet and playwright Franz Grillparzer). And at the centre of the park you'll find the Theseus Temple which is a replica of the Temple of Hephaestus (Theseion) in Athens. The temple is used for exhibitions and installations of contemporary art.
It was the best period of the year to visit the Volksgarten as all roses were blossoming in this park built over the destroyed city fortifications; actually in many European cities the fortifications were replaced by parks or avenues.
It is a really nice park not only for the famous rose gardens but also for the views one has on the monumental buildings of the neo-Greek style Parliament, the neo-Gothic Rathaus and the next standing Burgtheater a mix of neo-Renaissance and neo-Baroque style. (All this monumental part of Vienna is neo-something).
Above the trees appear the cupolas of the museums KHM and NHM.
In the Volksgarten stands the monument of Empress Elisabeth of Austria-Hungary (Sissi) and as shown in the back of my photo the monument of Franz Grillparzer (1791 – 1872) an Austrian writer who is chiefly known for his dramas. There are also fountains and of course cafés.
But most visible, excessively white since it was restored in 2011, is the temple of Theseus built in 1823 as a reduced copy of the Theseus temple in Athens.
When Napoleon's troops managed to seize and occupy Vienna at the beginning of the 19th century, one of his symbolic gestures was to have the city walls and fortifications destroyed since they had proven so ineffectual at keeping him out. In the years that followed his defeat and departure, the area thus left vacant was landscaped and transformed into public gardens, including Burggarten and Volksgarten. While Burggarten is attached to the Hofburg Palace and remained private for several years after its completion, the intention always was that Volksgarten should become a public garden - hence its name - and it was first opened to the public in 1820. It stands in front of the Parliament, and is well known, among other things for its rose gardens and statue of Empress Elisabeth completed in 1907 by Friedrich Ohmann. Strangely enough, the park is also home to one of Vienna's most popular nightclubs.
The Volksgarten I love this pretty park located near the Burg theatre. As well as being pretty itself, it also has great views towards other buildings such as the parliament and Burg Theatre. Wonderful rose gardens and ponds.
Around the Hofburg
The Volksgarten was designed in the early 19th century, and have seen a number of famous concerts performed. Its most prominent possession is the Theseus Temple, a faux Greek building in the same style as the Parliament building that overlooks the gardens.
Especially nice in spring and summer. Volksgarten is opposite Rathaus/City Hall and Parliament. There is a big rose garden, a monument of Brahms (in the picture), the Sisi Monument (picture) and the "Theseus Temple", a neoclassicist building that is used for minor exhibits.
Just like the Burggarten, the Volksgarten was laid out after the Napoleon destroyed the original defensive walls around the Hofburg. The garden, which was opened to the public in 1820, is bigger and more landscaped than the Burggarten. The garden's central feature is the Temple of Theseus which was built by Peter von Nobile in 1823. it was originally built to house a statue of a Greek God which has since been moved to the Kunsthistorisches Museum.
The volksgarten is made beutiful by some really nice rose gardens. There are also a number of memorials, some rather grand, dotted around the garden. Dont miss the one to Empress Elizabeth at the Burgtheater end of the garden and the temple at the centre.
I love going to the parks in Vienna, especially in spring because of the beautiful roses blooming all over. One in particular is Volksgarten or "People's Garden" which is easily accessible by foot or tram or U-bahn.
The garden was opened way back in 1820 and it's easy to see why they call it the "People's Garden". There are plenty of park benches for people to sit, read, fall in love and basically enjoy the day.
Entrance is free
The People's Garden (Volksgarten) was opened in 1820, on the site of the Burgbastei which Napoleon's army destroyed. It was designed in the manner of the Luxembourg garden in Paris and continues to function as an elegant and popular town garden with rose benches, shady alleys and comfortable park chairs and benches.
This classical temple stands in the centre of the Volksgarten. It is usually locked up and a good place to find a student playing guitar on the steps. Recently there was an excellent exhibition about the bridge in Mostar, I found this an excellent opportunity to remember the visit I made to that beautiful town.