by car & highway to Vienna, Vienna
With the car:
If you come from the west you should use the motorway A1 (about 300 km east of Salzburg). You can also use A21 (about 20 km west of Vienna) to enter Vienna from the south.
If you come from the south take the motorway A2.
From the east take the B9 (and A4 from Fischamend, about 20 km east of Vienna)
From the north (ie. Brno CZ) take B7
Traffic rules in Austria are basically the same as in other EC countries
motorway: 130 km/h
federal road: 100 km/h
Blood alcohol limit: 0,5 per thousand
With the train:
Westbahnhof station: connections to Germany, Switzerland, Italy, France, Hungary
Südbahnhof/Ostbahnhof stations: connections to Italy, former Yugoslavia, Slovakia, Czech Republic
Franz Josef station: connections to Slovakia and Czech Republic
Wien Mitte station: rapid transit trains
Bahnhof Nord/Praterstern: local connections
24-hour service hotlin(reservations): ++43 1 1717 (++43 1 1700)
With the airplaine:
Vienna Airport (Schwechat): all major airlines; approx. 20 km from the center
Connections to the city:
* rapid train S7 to 'Wien Mitte station' every hour.
* bus transfer to the City Air Terminal at the Hilton Hotel
* car rental
Vienna has an excellent public-transportation system with reliable, clean and convenient service. Moreover, taking public transportation into and within the city is a lot less stressful than dealing with Vienna's constant traffic.
Vienna's Public Transportation
The Eastern Region Transportation Association (Verkehrsverbund Ost-Region or VOR) is a network of eight zones covering a huge area that includes Vienna and surrounding towns. The city itself ist Zone 100, or the core zone (Kernzone), where you can travel on one ticket. When traveling in one direction in Zone 100 within one hour, you can transfer from the subway/underground (U-Bahn) to tram (Strassenbahn) or bus (Autobus) or local train without buying another ticket. When you travel from Vienna to outlying regions within the VOR area, the fare depends on the number of zones you travel through.
Where to buy Public-Transportation Tickets (Fahrscheine)
In Zone 100, as mentioned earlier, you can use one validated ticket to take all forms of public transportation between your starting point and destination (within one hour). You can purchase tickets from presale-ticket window (Vorverkaufsstellen) or ticket machines (Automaten) at most U-Bahn stations, or from a tobacconist/newsstand (Tabak-Trafik). If you can't buy a ticket ahead of time, you can get one from a machine inside a Strassenbahn or Autobus (but not on the U-Bahn). It will cost a little more.
Weekly- Monthly & Yearly Passes (Wochenkarten, Monatskarten und Jahreskarten)
Wochenkarten and Monatskarten are weekly and monthly passes, which can be purchased at presale-ticket windows (Vorverkaufsstellen) at major U-Bahn stations or at a Tabak-Trafik.
Tickets not already validated (e.g., presold tickets, Streifenkarten and Zeitkarten) must be punched in a blue ticket-canceling machine (Entwerter) upon boarding a Strassenbahn or Autobus, or before reaching an U-Bahn or on a local-train platform. One-time-use tickets bough from a machine on board a Strassenbahn or Autobus, or from an Automat in an U-Bahn station, do not require punching as they are already time-stamped.
If you are driving to Vienna, make sure with your lodging that they provide parking. The closer to the center you get the harder it is to find available parking.
Vienna is so easy to get around. They have a great tram and underground system. I bought my tickets for both the tram and underground at the bottom of the stairs at the Swedenplatz station.
If it is many of you going for a couple of days, I would recommend a motor home. At least it worked well for the 5 of us. In the outskirts of Vienna there are good camping areas to provide all the necessary facilities. There is so much to see in Austria, that by hiring a motor home we really made sure we could explore it fully.
Getting around the centre of Vienna, the public transport is very sufficient, with S-bahns ans busses. In the very centre there is so much to see that most of the time we just walked as much as possible to really experience the true Vienna.
The best way to Get to Austria depends on where you're headed. If you're headed to Vienna, the you should travel directly into the city. The airport of Vienna (Schwechat) offers great connections by train and it also has a variety of car rental companies at the airport. I prefer the provences of Upper Austria, Tirol, and Salzburg. As such, my wife and I fly into Munich Germany. While you could fly to Salzburg and Linz just as easily, you can not beet the lower tax rate for car rentals in Germany (16% vs. 22% in Austria). Also, a full-size car gets you a Volkswagen Passat in Austria but a Mercedes or BMW in Germany (I think that's only with Hertz). Also, flights are usually much cheaper into Munich (by a hundred to two-hundred dollars if not more). You can pay 400 USD for a flight from New York to Munich and pay 600 for the same flight to Salzburg. Another benefit is that Lufthansa and United have direct flights to Munich from cities like San Francisco, New York, Chicago, Boston, and Washington D.C. Last but not least, if you rent the Mercedes, you get to drive on the German Autobahn (A8) on your way down to Austria. No speed limit with a Mercedes equals lots of fun!!!! (Austrian autobahns max out at 130 kph).
In order to see the beautiful landscapes and natural wonders of Austria it is best to rent a car (with snow tires in the winter). However, if you're goal is to see museums, art, sites, history, and experience the wonderful culture within the cities, you can get by very easily by public transportation! For the adventure hungry, biking in Austria can be lots of fun too!
As mentioned, Mercedes taxis are of plenty but Vienna had the standard public transportation system. Be sure to notice on the Trolleys, the automative voice announcing the upcoming stops, very deep and harsh sounding.
Who saw my Prague page - know that we drove by car from Prague and it was very easy and fun to get there(312KM).
I think it would better to get around by unerground or trams... as by car see my TRAPs.
We went with our little Smart car, and then packed it in the hotel parking lot all the time we were in Vienna. Parking in the city is difficult and expensive.