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Khatyn Village Memorial - 70 years away
Not to be confused with KATYN, Smolensk, Russia...
Built in 1969 along with another landmark - Glory Mound - Khatyn Village Memorial is dedicated to the enormous death toll of the Soviet Belarus during the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945). 2.5m out of 10m killed, 209 cities damaged out of 290, 619 villages destroyed along with its entire population, 186 of them never rebuilt...
22.3.1943 saw the destruction of Khatyn Village carried out by the Nazi and their local collaborators - the entire village was put on fire including the communal barn where all the villagers had been forced into. They were burnt alive... The man depicted in the monument with a kid - is a symbolic figure of an ordinary Slavic village man who survived in flame...
The rest of the complex sections are about ruined villages, prisons and camps established in Belarus by the Nazi (by the way, the plaques to some camps in the long wall are for 60+ strong camps or execution sites) and the restored villages. The memorial is concluded by Eternal Flame.
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Khatyn - WWII memorial
Outside the Capitol (Minsk) is a large complex called ‘Khatyn’. It is dedicated to a small village that was destroyed during WWII by the Germans, but then it become something larger to symbolize the mass killings by the Germans during their brutal occupation. 2.3 Million were killed by the Germans, or 1 out of every 4 citizens.
Among the best-recognized symbols of the complex is the statue of Yuzif Kaminsky carrying his dying son after massacre. Also a monument with three birch trees, with an eternal flame instead of a fourth tree, a tribute to the one in every four Belarusians who died in the war. The site also contains a very long concrete wall with niches to represent the victims of all the injustices during the occupation. The large niches representing concentration camps with victims of greater than 20,000 people.
At the site are these small little foundations of houses and each location has a small chimney, but is not a chimney and a bell is at the top. These bells ring out every 30 seconds to commemorate the rate at which lives were lost of Belarusian people throughout the duration of the Second World War. It was a great fall day with crisp air and a breeze that rustled the beautiful birch trees, against this backdrop, each bell’s ring made this a very haunting sound.
Memorial complex 'KHATYN'
The memorial complex 'Khatyn' is located outside of Minsk (in Logoisk District). It was built in 1969 on the place of a village which was burnt to the ground in 1943 with its 149 inhabitants (75 of them were kids under the age of 16).
Only few people escaped and lived to tell us this story...
This memorial is dedicated not only to the memory of those 149 peasants, but also to the memory of all Belarussian citizens who were killed during the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. The death toll was crazy high - more than 2 million people died (every fourth citizen)!!!
It`s opened 24 hours a day.
Tours can be organized with the Tour Arrangement Department of the complex "Khatyn". Tour hours are from 9am till 5pm. Monday is a day-off.
-schoolchildren, college and University students — 250 BLR
RB citizens — 1000 BLR
Foreign visitors - 2000 BLR ( $1).
- Historical Travel
A small village of Khatyn
Khatyn was a village befor the WWII, but was totally destroyed by Natz as other 800 villages in Belarus. It is then set up as a memorial site for people to remember the past. I believe it one of the best meortials in the world as many symbolic ideas are shown on this piece of sadful land. The sulpture of the only man survived during the massacre,only a boy in his hand.... Series of numbers telling how many villages were erased from may, how many people were killed, how many houses were burnt......... And more the bells on each pole giving a "dang........" every 30 seconds. The bell echoes around.
Especially those who want to put the world into a war again should be invited to visit this site.
WWII Memorial Khatyn
A visit to the World War II memorial called Khatyn is a very moving experience. This memorial is set up as a reminder of the villages that were totally destroyed by the Nazis during the war. There are also on this site stirring reminders of the thousands from Belarus who died in the German concentration camps. I have gone there with and without a guide. I highly recommend going the first time with a guide, or studying about this memorial beforehand so you grasp all of the symbolism. It can be an eery experience when you see the symbolic foundations of homes filled with burnt slag, with only the foundation walls and chimneys standing as you hear the single bell toll from the chimney first at one house, then at another, and later on at another. The large statue that stands at the Khatyn is also quite moving. It's a large statue of a haggard old man with a young child draped across his outstretched arms. They represent the only two survivors of their village, where the nazis came in and herded the women, children, and old men into a barn and set the barn ablaze and watched as it burned to the ground. Of course, all of the strong young men of the village were serving elsewhere in the military.
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