The fort Vranduk is located approximately 14 kilometers downstream from the town of Zenica. It is located on a cliff above the river Bosna, on the left bank.The fort is a round-arched building serving as a natural decoration and protection.
In the Middle Ages Vranduk was one in a series of royal cities, in which was the seat of the Bosnian King Stjepan Ostoja and the last Bosnian king Stjepan Tomaš, as well as his opponent Radivoje. The first mention of Vranduk dates from March 11th in 1410.
In the period of the Ottoman-Turkish authorities fortress was hiding dark memories as a political prison.
City and fortress once served for centuries resisted all sorts of enemies, disasters, whether human or natural, but it is almost always skillfully preserving, called the "Gate of Bosnia." Its name is assumed to be derived from the word branduk (defend), speaking about its role in the history of Bosnia.
Vranduk- medieval fortress with the mosque was declared a national monument.
For steam railways fans - Zenica is a centre of steam in BiH. All standard gauge steam locos are repaired in Zenica shed, which is owned by and located in the steel works. It takes ages to get a permission to enter the factory, but locos are sweet!
Go hiking on the mountains. We went to the peak by foot and it was really exhausting and took almost all day, but it was all worth it when we reached the top.
There is a small cabin on the top with rooms and u can rent one cheap. The owners is a very sweet old couple .
You really become one with nature in more than one sense , like the toilet was a shed with a hole in the ground . The first couple of times I had to go was horrifying , but finally I got used to it . Also because it was the only way.
Just an advice dont go there during the summer , its way too hot and the sun was boiling us.
Travnik - an hour of bus ride from Zenica is a well preserved old capital of Bosnia, hometown of Ivo Andric and a great place for some hiking.