Capljina- the Place of Herons
Čapljina is located along the Neretva River and its tributaries Bregava, Trebižat and Krupa, which flow south from the town.
The nearby tower in Počitelj and Hutovo Blato- Mud Park, which contains one of the most diverse bird populations in all of Europe.
The area of Čapljina was the original homeland of ancient Illyrian people of Ardiaei, from which name derives the name of the place. Later it was settled by the ancient Greeks and Romans in the 5th century before our time. The Latin word for heron is Ardea.
There is the most southern train station in B&H.
In Mogorjelo, 2km south from Čapljina, there are remains of old Roman rustic villa from the 4th century surrounded by lush Mediterranean vegetation. It is located very close to the railway road Ploče-Sarajevo. This cultural monument is among the most important Roman archeological site in B&H. This location was an agricultural center since the 1st century. Within the Villa, behind the large and massive walls with towers, there have been remains of the ancient villa from the 1st century, which was burnt down in the 3rd century, as well the bakery, oil factory and blacksmith workshop.
At the end of the 4th century, the fortress was conquered and partially destroyed by the Visigoths.
Mountain Crvanj is located in the North East Herzegovina. Its border to the north is the Neretva River, to the south and southwest is Nevesinjsko polje(field), on the east is a large plateau Morina called the "Herzegovinian Tibet" because of the specific landscape. The mountain is rich in pastures and temporary livestock breeding settlements. Destination is Zimomor peak (1920 m above sea level).
From Mostar to the village Borovčići (Nevesinje), which is the starting point of the climb, there is 1h30' of driving. From Borovčići, we continue on foot to the top Zimomor. The ascent lasts for 4 hours, whereby we overcome 950 m above sea level. The tour is medium difficulty. Equipment required: hiking shoes, T-shirt or vest for change at the top, sunglasses, hat, jacket or thin jacket with long sleeves, sunscreen, food and 3 liters of water.
Boračko Lake is a glacial lake that lies at the northeastern foot of mountain Prenj. On the west it is surrounded by steep, forested heights of Crna gora and on the east is Tranjina.
The lake has an elliptical shape, about 800m long and 400 m wide, forming 2.4 km of lakeshore. It is the deepest in the southeastern part, about 17 m, water has the clear green color, the warmest in August, 25 ° C.
Boračko Lake receives water from Boračko stream and numerous environmental sources at the bottom of the lake. From the lake stands Šištica, which after a short flow in a 60 m deep gorge, crashes in the river Neretva, forming 30 m high waterfall.
There are built hotels and motels, because the lake is the favorite resort of visitors from Konjic.
In the evening and in the morning can be cold. The mountain has a very unpredictable time for mixing air currents from the Mediterranean and the continent, so the weather can change in five minutes .
Layered clothed with mandatory jacket and spare slipcover is recommend, and always bring a backup for mountain conditions. Pay a special attention to comfortable shoes. On Boračko lake winds are much weaker and less frequent, and when the weather is sunny temperatures allow even sunbathing on the beach by the lake.
If you like fishing, do not forget your rod! The lake is known for its natural resources and its good trouts and crabs.
The highest mountain peak
Maglić is a mountain on the border between B&H and Montenegro, about 20 km SW of Foča. The highest peak of the mountain is Veliki Vitao (2,396 m) in Montenegro, while on the Bosnian side of the mountain the highest peak is also called Maglić 2,386 m above sea level and it is also the highest peak in the whole country B&H.
The mountain is surrounded by the river Sutjeska on the west, mountain Volujak on the SW, rivers Drina and Piva on the NE and the mountain Bioč on the SE.
It is covered with beech and coniferous forests. The upper forest border is at about 1600 m and above that height is the plateau with pastures and numerous ridges and peaks.
The base of the mountain and all the slopes are rich in water, with a numerous sources, of which the most abundant is Carev Do, that never dries up. Nearby, at the foot of Maglić is Perućica, the only rain forest in Bosnia and a UNESCO recognized site, with endemic species of flora and fauna. It is separated from the Zelengora mountain with the Sutjeska river. There is also the National Park Sutjeska in B&H, famous as being the location of the Battle of the Sutjeska in 1943, so called The Fifth Offensive.
Skakavac waterfall (about 98 m in hight) is formed on the Perućica, a mountain creek, located 12 km north of Sarajevo, above the village of Nahorevo. This is one of the largest and most beautiful waterfalls in B&H and a real tourist attraction.
Mountains Maglić and Bioč surround Trnovačko Lake just outside the park and the borders of B& H. It is a glacial lake drained from the Maglić, the Volujak and the Bioč hill ranges.
Trebišnjica is Herzegovina's river, the largest underground river in the Balkans and one of the largest in the world.It is 96.5 km long as a part of a complex of underground and above-ground rivers, whose ultimate mouth is at the Adriatic Sea near Dubrovnik.
It's not easy to describe the path of the river with " a hundred names " from the source to the mouth. It starts on the mountain Čemerno between Gacko and Tjentište as a springs creek Vrba, that runs through the rocks to the south and suddenly disappears. In the Gacko field it brokes out again, this time under the name Mušnica. Soon it disappears again and a few kilometers further appears as the Ključka River. Below Bileća, from one enormous cave, is born a big river for the first time under the name Trebišnjica that flows southward through Trebinje and Popovo field. It disappears again and appeares in Dubrovnik as Ombla( Dubrovnik river ) that runs into the Adriatic Sea. In the 1960-es was built a hydro- power system on it.
There are not much of the medieval castles left in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Most of them are in ruins today, and very few well preserved. Ostrožac, medieval castle nearby town of Bihac in western B&H, is one of the most beautiful and best preserved in whole the country.
It worth to see by all means. Here you can enjoy in endless tranquility and breathtaking sightseeing. Moreover, there are a number of sculptures inside the castle's walls, donations of the various sculptors from ex-Yugoslavia and abroad.Related to:
- Family Travel
The smells of life
I suppose that I am basically a country boy. In most cases, I prefer small towns and rural settings to large cities. One of the joys, and dangers, of the visits that I have made to Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) was that I always had ample opportunities to visit villages and small towns. These villages, and especially farms, so often smell of harvests, freshly mown grasses or hay, have very fresh fruits and vegetables. There are so many babbling brooks, meadows, and other open spaces.
THE WARNING: DO NOT walk alone in rural BiH unless you have previously been there with someone very familiar with this specific area. It is the third largest repository of land mines in the world. Known mine fields are usually fairly well marked with red, downward pointing triangles depicting an explosion.Related to:
- Adventure Travel
Hutovo Blato is the name of this area I accidentally got into going from Mostar to Neum. There was a sign "Neum" pointing to the left. What it did not say, that this (nicely paved) road was one lane for most of the way and lead through an area that looked like dinosaur country. The 3 meter width was no problem, because nobody goes there. We only saw and talked to one person, who was completely drunk. No wonder, everybody else had left.
I was too stunned to take a picture of the incredible lake with dozens of little islands. This is a bird refuge for migrating birds and also the only Bosnian road to the only Bosnian coast town of Neum. Buy land now! This is incredible.
Drvar is a fine place
As we were spending holidays in Croatia, we made a trip through the Knin region to Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was quite a depressive experience and we were surprised, as we crossed the bosnian border, to discover a fine landscape, similar to southern Alps. We reached Drvar , a small town with friendly people. There we found a hotel and a little restaurant "Macera", up the hill on the road to Bosansko Grahovo, were we ate delicious grilled meat.Related to:
- Road Trip
- Family Travel
- Historical Travel
Finding the Sarajevo tunnel museum
This is quite hard to find (that was the idea!). It is down some little lanes on the opposite side of the airport runway. We drove to the airport & asked a taxi to show us the way, following in our car. It cost us 10euros but it was worth it (unless you have really good directions)Related to:
- Historical Travel
Sutjeska National Park
The Sutjeska National Park with 17,500 hectares of wilderness, hosts one of the two remaining primeval forest in Europe & the highest mountain (Maglic 2386m) in BiH. Changing our route meant we had the opportunity to go through some of it. Many of the hiking trails have not been cleared of mines yet & wilderness huts destroyed by bombing so generally it is recommended to stay on well used roads/ trails throughout BiH at present.Related to:
- Mountain Climbing
- National/State Park
Something that I would often look at when I drove by where the trees that were planted to spell Tito. Although last I was by there a portion of the trees have died you still can make it out. Be warned that apparantly the trees are heavily mined and booby trap so it is best to view from the road. It is located off the road the runs between Bos. Petrovac and Drvar.
Drvar is where I spent my time the first time I was in Bosnia. It is the site of some famous world war battles and riots in the 1990s. It is not the most beautiful town in the country as you can tell it is a town meant for production but the surrounding area is quite nice and offers a lot of beautiful views. It is in a valley and you have to drive down hill on all sides to access it. Drvar is in the northwestren portion of the country not to far from the Croatian border.
Old Castle Ruins
On the mountain that is overlooking the city of Kljuc are the ruins of an old castle. There is a good path up to the ruins from the town and it is safe to walk around the ruins. These are not the best ruins in the world but it still is quite interesting and it offers good views of the surrounding area.
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