For intercity and international transportation there also two focus center.
First at the main bus station in nearby to main train station. Locals also calling "Nova stanica", in meaning "New station". It serve for intercity and international travels.
Second is behind building Museum of contemporary art of Republika Srpska. The locals call it "Stara stanica", meaning "Old station". That station is only for organized tours like day trip excursion and every other traveling for up to 2-3 bus. Popular is a pilgrimage and adventures trips usually during weekends.
Banja Luka is not big city but when you in hurry there is very effective public transportation by bus.
Within the city there is a urban and suburban bus lines.
Banja Luka have two start point for orientation. First transport point is next to train station, but I don't think about main bus station because they serve for intercity and international transport. It is arrange several bus stop in huge line in front of several cafe and shops next to main train station. If you coming to the city by train and wont to go to the city center or any other destination within Banja Luka then from train station go to your right side behind several cafe bars. Every destination is mark with different number e.g.:
8. Novoselija - Centar - Autobuska stanica
10. Obilićevo - Centar - Autobuska stanica
Second transport point for bus is in very center - in front of square of Krayina (see photo in addition).
First transport point in Banja Luka (next to main train station) is also start point for traveling to several suburban and villages around City. There post in last line section from main train station building and bellow to the road across big parking space and several kiosk. So, if you wont to explore surroundings of Banja Luka this is the place where you find right bus. There is a big sign on bus windows in Latin.
Price bus service charge per ride and is 1.60 KM the city and from 1.50 to 2.20 KM for suburban traffic, depending on the length of the route. Tickets for urban and suburban transportation can purchase from the driver on the bus. The price is same for whole bus line that is indicate on front window of bus. Usually is on glass behind the window is map wit sign of bus station. You can always ask the number of bus station you need to go. English is the main second language here. If you considered that bus driver is not to helpful with explanation ask some passengers preferably students. Save your ticket till the end of your journey. Ticket is not necessary to cancel but the request must present conductor. The enter for bus is next to bus driver and there is not much possibility for a free ride. I never do that. Even the control is not to frequent. The price in that way, if the conductor find out that you don't have a ticket is high. How it will be charged - don't know and don't planning to find out.
You can get small book with timetable in touristic office of Banja Luka in the center, near Academy of art and science of Republika Srpska or ANURS.
From Banja Luka you could enjoy in day or half days trips around Banja Luka. There a several towns and villages with whom Banja Luka is connect with suburban lines:
Banja Luka - Krupa na Vrbasu - Ledenice - Racune
Banja Luka - Bočac
Banja Luka - Bočac - Agino selo
Rakovac - Motike
Desna Novoselija - Karanovac (zadruga)
Banja Luka - Krupa na Vrbasu - Krmine
Banja Luka - Karanovac - Ljubačevo (škola)
Banja Luka - Kola
Banja Luka - Srtičići - Lokvari - Gornji Lusići
Banja Luka - Gornje Rekavice
Banja Luka - Suturlija - Dedić Lokva
Banja Luka - Kola - Šamare
Banja Luka - Potkozarje - Željeznička stanica
Banja Luka - Potkozarje - Verići (škola)
Banja Luka - Verići - Donja Piskavica
Banja Luka - Dragočaj - Stranjani
Banja Luka - Dragočaj - Gradina
Banja Luka - Ramići
Zalužani - Barlovci
Ortopedija - Priječani
Zalužani - Kuljani
Banja Luka - Bronzani Majdan
Saračica - Bistrica
Banja Luka - Borkovići - Radosavska
Banja Luka - Bronzani Majdan - Kmećani
Banja Luka - Bronzani Majdan - Gornja Slavićka
Banja Luka - Bistrica - Donja Piskavica
Banja Luka - Čokorska polja - Goleši
Banja Luka - Mišin Han - Verići polje
Podgora - Karanovac (Ducipolje)
The network of public transport for passengers make several lines (marked in different colors - just to compare lines with photo attached):
1 Mađir - Ortopedija - Nova bolnica
3 Centar - Vrbanja - Zeleni vir
3B Centar - Debeljaci
6 Autobuska stanica - Lauš - Saračica
8 Autobuska stanica - Podgora
9 Česma - Centar - Desna Novoselija
9B Česma - Medeno polje - Centar
9I Incel - Centar
10 Autobuska stanica - Obilićevo
12 Centar - Paprikovac (Vidik)
13 Lazarevo - Obilićevo
13A Centar - Zalužani
13B Lazarevo - Novo groblje
13C Centar - Tunjice - Zalužani
13P Obilićevo - Petrićevac
14 Centar - Starčevica - Centar
14B Autobuska stanica - Borik - Starčevica
17 Obilićevo - Nova bolnica
17A Starčevica - Nova bolnica
19 S. Milanovac - Centar - S. Milanovac
20 Autobuska stanica - Centar - Paprikovac (Ulica R. Šipke)
39 Drakulić - Centar
39A Drakulić - Rakovačke bare - Centar
Banja Luka is for many of travelers a small, semi-urban town ideal for exploration by foot. And town-city Banja Luka itself has by tradition very welcoming and try always to share its natural and cultural attractions with visitors. By walking, visitors will have the chance to meet the raw limestone mountains, rich valleys, ancient forests, crystal clear rivers, lakes and green mountainous region.
By the way, discover the'' traditional'' highland settlements emerged in the Middle Ages, enjoy a clean source, tranquility and unique forest and hear bird whose singing.
As dheaney pointed out, publicly displayed information about bus times is sometimes out of date. For reliable information get a copy of the daily newspaper Glas (ГЛАС as it appears in the Cyrillic alphabet).
Unless you can read Serbian in the Cyrillic alphabet, your first thought will be that this is a useless acquisition. But it is easy enough to see which page lists bus times,and you will quickly come to recognise the Cyrillic versions of the towns you're interested in. (Банја Лука = Banja Luka etc.) It is then easy to read the bus departure times themselves which are of course presented in arabic numerals as used throughout the west.
Failing that, put the newspaper into the hands of a youngster who can speak a bit of English (most can) and you will be told what you want to know.
This is Banja Luka railway station. It looks more like an airport terminal. But despite the impressive facade, train services are easily eclipsed by bus services from the more modest bus station next door. Nevetheless trains are the most comfortable and relaxing form of transport in the region. They may grind along at a leisurely pace, but it's the way to go when you have the time. There is an all-night service to Belgrade and good connections to Zagreb and Sarajevo, and there are better opportunities for socialising with fellow travellers than on buses.
Bus services throughout the former Yugoslavia are reliable and cheap and Banja Luka has excellent links to other towns within Republika Srpska; also with Zagreb, Belgrade and Sarajevo. Bus services to towns in the other of B-H's two entities are not so good.
Banja Luka is quite a small city - I found it easier just to walk everywhere instead of trying to find public transport or a taxi. Taxis are a bit expensive, public transport quite unavailable, so... Just put your sneakers on and walk, I never walked more than 40 minutes to get from one place to another.
There are only a few trains to Banja Luka, so it makes more sense, generally, to go by bus. The bus and train stations are adjacent to each other, and about a 10-15 minute walk from the centre of town. (The toilets at the bus station are the worst I saw in Bosnia, for what that is worth.) The travel information posted at the bus station was not reliable, up to date or accurate, although the staff were friendly enough. (As you would expect, you'll need to speak some Bosnian/Serbian/Croation though...) Information on buses that actually go to Sarajevo itself (as opposed to the so-called "Srpsko Sarajevo", Lukavica, on the hills above the city) is as rare as gold dust.
FROM Sarajevo - there are several buses a day from the main central bus station near the railway station and the Holiday Inn. These take a more direct and more scenic route than those from Lukavica. You pass through historic towns Travnik and Jajce on the way, and some of the scenery along the Vrbas river (which itself flows into Banja Luka) is outstanding. The buses from Lukavica take a slightly more deviating route, mostly through "Republika Srpska".
If you get a bus from Banja Luka to Sarajevo and find that you have ended up in "Srpsko Sarajevo" (which is where you will get a ticket to if you ask for one to Sarajevo at the counter), it is fairly easy, but a nuisance, to get into town. Basically head right out of the bus station and carry on along the road, ignoring all the taxi drivers who will offer their services. In less than 5 minutes (at "Dobrinje") you'll see a bus layby on the right. Get the 31E bus (which starts here) into town, and get off at the road junction of the main road with the side road that leads up to the railway and bus stations (near the Holiday Inn.) Then it's a five-minute walk or so to Sarajevo bus station. Or stay on the bus, which goes right into town.
Nova Gradiska is border pass between Croatia and Bosna and Herzegovina. It is the most convinient pass when coming from Croatia, because from here you can take direction of eastern, central and western parts of the country. Many Croats use it in the summer season as a transit pass to the middle Dalmatia in order to avoid traffic jams.
Bus and train station - located about 2 kms south east of the centre, serves all main locations in BiH, as well as international buses. International trains - despite printed schedule - do not run yet (Oct. 2000) - maybe the railways agree with next timetable...
Airport - flights to Vienna (AUA Group) and Zurich (Air Srpska)
Buses - local transport. Ticket price is 0,80 KM
Banja Luka is very well connected to all major European cities. There is an internatioanl airport 25 km north from the city center which connects Banja Luka with Wien, Zurich and Belgarde.
if you are coming to Banja Luka from Zagreb, take highway E-70 towards Lipovac, and make right on Okucani exit. Continue driving right and after the tollgate make left and drive south for 50 km.
The best way to get around Banja Luka is to use taxi. Taxi is not expensive, and it will take you anywhere you want.
Public transportation is getting better every day. If you want to get from the main station to downtown take one of these buses: #6, #8, #10, #13 and make sure you get off at the post office.
Banja Luka has good conection within country and abroad via bus and railway.
City public transport is good organised via bus.
Banja Luka have international airport for several...