The Old Windmill on the passageway from New Nessebar to Old Nessebar is a lovely, intact Black Sea style windmill.
A guide book mentions the windmill but contains no information about it. It's a fair guess that it's from the Bulgarian revival period from the 17th. to 19th. century
The type of construction is a rather rough, basic style. No nice little details here, the design is meant to harness the sometimes fierce power of the wind at the Black Sea coast, and transfer the wind power down to the milling area inside the windmill.
The main axis from the wings into the mill give you some idea what kind of force we are dealing with here. When the sails are strapped onto the wings, the load on the axis is considerable.
The windmill base reveals a wooden guiderail and direct wood-to-wood contact. Considering the dryness of the area this is a bit surprising, as the friction between windmill and guiderail will create considerable heat whenever the mill is turned. Is this because metal was too expensive or impossible to get? Is the windmill rarely turned, because the wind direction is very stable? Some kind of lubricant was probably used when turning the mill, or it would be a very difficult job
The side view of the windmill gives a good view of the three dimensional design used between axis and wings. The axis is prolonged out front and used to support the chains that go out to each wing in support, so they can better withstand the force of the wind. The design is somewhat similar to Greek windmills, which is probably not without reason, considering the history of the Bulgarian Black Sea coast with centuries of Greek presence.
Adapted from http://www.visitnessebar.info/
The Basilica in Nessebar is one of the impressive old buildings in Old Nessebar and originates back in the late 4th century AD. The building we see today was finished in the early 9th century AD.
The basilica is 19 meters long, and out of a total width of 13 meters, the center nave is 9,3 meters wide which is an impressive span for a building of its time.
The apsis is unusual in its construction - it is round on the inside, but is made up of 3 straight walls on the outside.
Two rows of five pillars each separate the side naves from the middle nave.
It is a testament to the power of the church that the basilica was actually part of the bishop's residence and not the town cathedral.
Adapted from http://www.visitnessebar.info/
In every room of the Marieta Palace hotel there is a brochure about the Relax Center situated at the basement of the building . So much things to do here for you health and relaxation : massage ,reflex therapy , relaxing massage with honey , body remodeling ,solarium cosmetics ,face care , full regeneration from head to toe , body care .... thousand things to do !You can find here 7 therapist cabinets , jacuzzi , Turkish and steam bath , sauna , infrared sauna , tanning salon . All prices are in the brochure .
Some of the typical houses of Nessebar built in a unique style of the 16th-19th century are real architectural monuments ( the houses of Diamanti, that of Panayot Mouskoyani which hosts an ethnographic exhibition, the one of Captain Pavel). The old quarters of Nessebar shows remarkable taste and mastership in the construction of houses, stone walls, and streets.
There are houses with stone-built ground levels and wooden upper floors jutting above the streets and external staircases. Nessebar houses have small yards facing the street. A wooden staircase leads up to the second floor which is lightly structured and completely faced with wood. The central living quarters are occupied by the parlor from which numerous doors lead to the remaining rooms. Wooden ceilings and whitewashed walls characterize the interior. The upper floor windows are wide, those on the ground floor are narrow and few in number.
Adapted from www.marinapalace.bg
You can see the remains of fortress walls (best preserved at the old town's gate and the port), authentic medieval, Roman and Greek street pavements, fortifications of different epochs and other buildings at the entrance of old Nessebar . When you enter in the town just on your right is The History Museum .
The medieval churches are remarkable sites of Nesebur. In the past these have been more than 40, but only a few are still standing. The basilicas, most famous among these - the Old Bishopric, are early Christian. The construction and the plastic decorative peculiarities of the Nesebur churches, dating back to the 10th-14th centuries, sets them apart in a separate group, characteristic with the picturesque design of facades. The mural ornamentation of each church constitutes a unique harmony of stone, red brick, variegated ceramic rosettes and circular plates. The cross-dome churches are represented by St. John the Baptist Church (10th-11th centuries), Sts. Archangels Michael and Gavrail Church (13th C.), Pantokrator Church (14th C.) and St. John Alyturgetos Church (14th C.). St. Todor and St. Paraskeva churches are single-naved, St. Stephen Church (the New Bishopric) is a basilica.
Grecian or Turkish ?
I was sure it was an old Turkish fountain ... I've search on internet some information about this fountain ( nothing about it ) and I discover it's Grecian ... it doesn't matter at all ... it's a nice , old fountain with cold , good water !
The old quarter of the town, situated on the Nesebur Peninsula and linked to the mainland by a narrow neck of land, is declared an architectural and archaeological reserve. North and south of the peninsula beach strips stretch covered with the finest sand along the Black Sea coast. To the north these are linked with the beaches of Slunchev Bryag.
The church St. Stephen is also known as The New Metropolitan. It was initially built in the end of the 9th century and then reconstructed first in the 16th and then in 18th century. The frescoes are impressive. The church is an example of the Bulgarian medieval architecture.
Currently the church of St. Stephen is closed for renovations till the end of 2008.
The Early Byzantine Terms were built in the 7th century. Acording to some chronicles the terms were used by the Byzantine imperor Constantine IV Pogonat in 680 to cure his legs.
Constantine IV Pogonat or Pogonatos, meaning "the Bearded", was a Byzantine emperor, the same who was beaten by Bulgarian Khan Asparukh and as a result of this battle the First Bulgarian state was founded.
The terms were in use till the end of the 8th century and then were reconstructured for housing and agricultural needs.
Nessebar is greeting you with its cafes,where you can take a rest under the shades of the trees before you start with your shopping marathon. Here you will see 2 streets one left and one right. Take the left if you wanna visit the endless shops and souvenirs ,and the right if you wanna take a walk through the old houses and beautiful renaissance architecture.
Here on the right side of the Tatoo studio and the hotel is located the archeological museum of Nessebar.
A part of the fortification system of the town of Nessebar which bigger part is nowadays under the water. Constructed in 5-6th century it has early Byzantine origin but it follows an older Thracian wall built in 8-6th century BC and an antique fortress wall that dates back to the 4-3th century BC.
Situated on a small peninsula (in the immediate vicinity of the large seaside resort of Sunny Beach), one of the oldest towns in Europe still exudes the spirit of different ages and peoples - Thracians, Hellenes, Romans, Slavs, Byzantines and Bulgarians.
Nessebur's greatest wealth are its many churches: the Old Bishop's Residence in an early Byzantine style (4th-5th c.), the New Bishops Residence (St. Stefan), containing valuable 12-th century murals, the Christ Pantocrator and Aliturgetos churches (13-th -14th c.).
Nessebur's National Revival houses with stone foundations and broad wooden eaves, overhanging narrow cobbled lanes leading right into the sea, are also remarkably beautiful.
These ruins are the most dominant in Nesebar. Sv. Sophia church was first constructed in the early 6th century and rebuilt in the 9th. It served as the seat of Nesebar's bishop until mid 13th century when the basilica was destroyed by the Venetians.
This church was built between the 10th and 12th century and became the bishopric after the destruction of the basilica. The interior of the church is covered with beautiful murals from the 15th and 16th century.
Admission to this church is 5BGN