In Sofia you can see cars, buses, lorries and motorcycles, but also a very different vehicle with a animal. You can see people use horses with waggons and that is popular among a part of the people. Usually they are the travelling people, called romer or gypsys. In German it would be zigeuner. Anyway, these peopel use a lot of horses and travel not usually in the middle of Sofia, but you can see for example when you eneter Sofia that they use them. I was little surprised that they are still used, but I am just a visitor and in one way I like to see all different things compare to my country and my culturure. But if you drive a rented car, perhaps dont pass them to fast and too close, think about the horses.
If you stay in the city center you will easily walk everywhere because most of the sites/sights are just in walking distance one from the other. Vitosha Blvd is pedestrian one with fancy shops and leads to the National Palace of Culture & a big square.
There are a lot of buses and trams, probably you wont need any. We used one just to get to the airport. The ticket costs 1 lev and you get it from the ticket (you need an extra ticket for a huge luggage)
The metro (just one line with 14 stations) isn’t very useful for the tourists but we stayed a bit out of the center so it was convenient for us. A ticket costs 1 lev and you get it from the counter downstairs before you go in. You cannot buy tickets for metro in advance. The most popular station is Serdica which is the central one, where bul. Todor Aleksandrov, bul. Vitosha and bul. Knyaz Aleks. Dondukov intersect. That is the city center with Sheraton and the Presidency. Behind them is the National Theater & Archeological museum, up Dondukov is the Parliament, the Sofia University (nice building), a must-visit cathedral Alexander Nevski and the ex ottoman palace currently a National Gallery.
Taxi is a good/fast and cheap way to move away from the center. Watch out for some companies that charge a lot, sometimes 4 times up the going rate which is (in 2012) about 0,70BGN per km. You can check this before you get in at the side window of the taxi.
The most reliable company is OK Taxis. The problem is that there are similar companies like CK taxis (if you see their sign you’ll notice that it looks like OK to confuse you). They try to imitate the popular companies, they even have similar phone numbers (for a tourist is hard to know the real ones anyway) and they use to hang around hotels and popular sites like the train station. Of course never accept a taxi driver that comes to you and offer a drive.
We used Air Malta that have some offers in February (return ticket for less than 100euro)
The old terminal (Terminal 1) serves some low budget companies while the new one (Terminal 2) is the one that most companies use. There is a bus that connects the 2 terminals but don’t try to walk because there is a great distance between them (about 3km, maybe more).
Not much to do at the airport, the typical stores, some cafes etc
The banks at the airport have normal exchange rates but the exchange offices have really bad rates so if you arrive after banks are closed try to do only some money and then do the rest next morning in the city center (but again try to use a bank)
The airport is located 12km east of the city center. Although many hotels offer shuttle buses there are taxis outside that will easily take you to the city centre for about 9 leva. Check for company OK Supertrans that has an agreement with the airport.
On our way back we just used a normal bus. We took bus 84 from Sofia University/Eagle Bridge. In 30’ we were at the airport and the ticket costs only 1lev +1lev for a big luggage.
Sofia is well connected with other bulgarian towns but also some other countries. The train station is about 20’ north from the city center. We used this site to check train schedule, when you click on a certain option you get “fares” on the right for each particular journey. There are single and return tickets and the prices vary a bit depending on the type of train. For Plovdiv we got a return ticket for 14.90leva, the return date was open so at Plovdiv we just went to the counter before we get on train. We didn’t have to book tickets in advance but I guess in high season you may need it to be sure.
The central bus station is located next to the train station. We didn’t use any long distance bus but there are many that connect Sofia with othet cities and towns.
Bus services between Sofia and Skopje run about 6 times a day with a journey time, depending on the border crossing, of about six hours. The service seems to be shared between the Macedonian Transkop Bitola company, the Bulgarian Matpu 96 OOD and a couple of others. The one-way fare at the time of writing was 32 leva (from Sofia) and the equivalent (just over 1000) in denar from Skopje.
In order to buy a ticket you’ll need your passport and tickets can be bought from Matpu office at Sofia’s Serdika bus station (adjacent to the central one) or (going in the other direction) from any of the ticket desks at Skopje.
One minor difference between the two services I used is that the Matpu company charges 1 leva (30 denar) for luggage (anything bigger than a large purse/handbag) whilst there was no charge on the Transkop Bitola bus.
The journey is quite scenic, passing through the various mountain ranges, the buses are perfectly comfortable and on both legs there was a strategic rest break (cigarette break in my case) about midway. The border crossing is a bit of a hassle with both sets of border officials checking passports. Coming in we all had to get off the bus and temporarily reclaim our luggage from the baggage hold for customs inspection and then on the way back Bulgarian border control decided that my passport needed double checking (well if you saw my picture you’d understand why) and so we were held up whilst I had to wait outside the control office for about twenty minutes for that. But otherwise it was a pleasant journey.
One of the city's main transport intersections is the Eagle Bridge (Orlov Most). The tram routes 4,5,8 and 11 all stop here as do many bus routes including the two airport services #84 (for T1) and 284 (for T2). Just up the road is the St Kliment Ohridski Metro station which also houses the Sofia Tourist Information Centre.
For an excellent schematic map of the public transport system click HERE and the website below has all the other information required.
Sofia has a very extensive public transport network of busses, trolley busses, trams and metro. It can all seem a bit chaotic when you first arrive but here's a pretty good schematic map of the system - Sofia Transport
As far as I can understand it a single fare is 1 leva (Nov 2009) which is good for 60 minutes but if you need to make a transfer you have to write on the ticket the time of boarding your first vehicle. Tickets must be bought before boarding (with the exception of the airport buses on which they can be bought from the driver) at newsagents and kiosks and then validated on the vehicle. If your luggage is larger than airline "cabin baggage" then you need a separate ticket for that.
Ticket inspections are pretty regular and if your ticket isn't in order there's an on-spot fine of 10 Leva. If you have any disputes it's the driver who makes the final decision but if you don't speak speak Bulgarian you'll be a bit flummoxed.
We took the Balkan Express from Istanbul to Sofia and then back. We chose to have our own room. These particular rooms have 3 bunks, a sink, and have a sturdy chain lock on the inside.
In Istanbul we could purchase the tickets in Liras, Euros, or Dollars - we chose dollars, it was $85 for the both of us. Getting back, we could only purchase in Lev, though at some point this should change to Euros only.
The train left Istanbul (Sirkeci Station) at 10pm and arrived in Sofia around noon the next day. For Sofia-Istanbul, it left at 7:30pm and arrived at 8am.
We were happy enough with the room as we didn't expect or need much, and it wasn't like we were on the train too long. The car had two toilets, one at each end. We didn't like those so much. Bring hand sanitizer for after. I believe they had toilet paper but it's better safe than sorry in case they run out or something.
At the Turkish border, you must leave the train to have your passport stamped or buy a visa if needed. Be as quick as you can to get out or else you'll end up standing in line for a long long time. The conductor will knock on all the doors so you'll know when you're there.
At the Bulgarian border the customs people will come to each room and take the passports, and return them a little while later.
The views from the train were really cool, especially leaving Istanbul, and the Bulgarian countryside.
OK, let me first make a confession :) I do not use public transport. I either walk or use a taxi, so I am not expert in this field but here I will give you some info about the tickets that you can use while you are in Sofia:
Where to buy it:
You have a couple of options - you can buy them from:
-- all subscription bureaus and ticket-outlets of Sofia Public Transport Company,
-- street vendors sometimes sell them
-- the drivers of the vehicles
Types and Prices:
-- for a single ride (BGN 0.50) - after getting into the vehicle its is validated by punching machine, and it should be kept until getting off the vehicle,
-- combined ticket for 2 rides (surface transport) – for 60 min (BGN 0.80). Within 60 minutes 2 rides could be done, as on the ticket in addition to punching the initial hour of journey is marked,
-- combined for 2 rides (once for surface transport and once for the underground) – within 60 minutes (BGN 0.80). 2 rides may be done, as on the ticket it should be marked the initial hour of the journey in addition to the punching,
-- a saver ticket for five rides (BGN 2.00) – this ticked consists of 5 single use cuts – all bearing one and the same series number and it may be used by one passenger only,
-- a saver ticket for three rides (BGN 1.35) – this ticked consists of 3 single use cuts – all bearing one and the same series number and it may be used by one passenger only.
-- for charging of passenger without regular travel document (BGN 5.00)– such a ticket should be punched by the ticket inspecting authority and it entitles the particular passenger to continue his/her further journey by the same transport vehicle,
I had taken the types and prices info from the site below, you can also see pictures of the different tickets there. The address listed below is the address of the REVENUES COLLECTION CENTRE of the company and the phone number is the number of the Claims department.
The alternative way to spend your money on public transportation in Sofia is to buy passes. The difference between the ticket and the pass is taht the tickets are about certain number if rides while the passes are issued for a particular period of time.
Where to buy it:
Passes can be purchased from all subscription bureaus and ticket-outlets of SKGT.
One-day, five-day and monthly passes for the integrated city transport network can also be purchased from external retailers.
Types and Prices:
-- One-day pass to all lines - BGN 2.20
-- Five-day pass to all lines - BGN 10.00
-- One-month pass to one line - BGN 17.00
-- One-month pass to two lines - BGN 28.00
-- One-month pass to all lines - BGN 37.00
-- One-month pass to one line of the ground transport and all the underground - BGN 28.00
-- One-month pass to two lines of the ground transport and all the underground - BGN 34.00
-- Three-month pass to one line - BGN 50.00
-- Three-month pass to two lines - BGN 82.00
-- Three-month pass to all lines - BGN 100.00
What most probably would be usefull to you are the one- and five-days passes for all lines but in the sake of completeness I had put here all types.
On my last visit I had no intention whatsoever of going into Sofia but rather flew there in order to catch the train onwards to Plovdiv. Having done my pre-trip research I decided to get the #84 bus into the city and get off as soon as I recognised somewhere close to the railway station. What I didn't realise was that the bus goes nowhere near the central rail or bus stations, a fact that I only discovered when it took me back to the airport!
Never mind. I was in no rush and it was a pleasant sunny November day. In the airport arrivals there's a useful bus guide which shows the bus correspondances (in both Bulgarian and English) and so I determined that there is no direct public transport connection between the airport and the stations but rather that you have to change en route.
The easiest, and most recognisable, interchange is the Hotel Pliska on the edge of the Borisova Gardens. From here you can connect to either the 213 or 313 buses which take you the stations shared forecourt. Changing buses here also has the advantage of a pleasant digression into the gardens themselves if you have the time.
Update Sept 2010 from a Forum post by fizzytom:
Now i have done this journey I can report that there is a shuttle bus to the centre (or the bus station) if you prefer for the price of €3 per person which is great value considering how quick and easy it is. As we were leaving Sofia immediately for Serbia this proved to be an excellent way of making the journey.
The driver knew all the short cuts and got us to the bus station in twenty minutes.
Although Sofia with its more than 1,4 Million inhabitans is the biggest city in Bulgaria, the city centre is still very walkable.
Most of the main sights are in walking distance to the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, which is probably the dominating landmark in the touristy heart of Sofia.
Also there are many pedestrianised streets or pathways which are not accessible to cars or public transportation anyway.
Sofia has lots of buses, trolleybuses,trams and metro.
To get to our accomodation we needed a trolleybus. In the end we bought day tickets every day, so that we needn’t bother about individual tickets. You need to buy the tickets from the kiosks. But not all kiosks sell day tickets or not every station has a kiosk that sells tickets at all. So think ahead.
You may also use the day ticket on the metro. Just when we visited, the connecting stretch was opened. The day ticket doesn’t fit into the new machines at the metro entrances but you just go to the window, show it and pass through that turnstile there.
When you travel in Sofia, I recommended you to travel by the public transport. It is not very pleasant, especially in hours when people go to work or finish work (8-10 am and 17-19 pm) but it's cheaper.
If you plan to travel by the public transport a lot, I recommend you to buy a daily card or a talon of 10 tickets. Here are the prices of tickets and cards:
A ticket for single travel - 1 BGN
A talon of 5 tickets - 4,25 BGN
A talon of 10 tickets - 7,50 BGN
A daily card - 4 BGN
A card for 5 days - 15 BGN
A monthly card - 50 BGN
IMPORTANT! Note that all these prices, tickets and talons are per a person and must not be used by more than one person. When you buy a talon of 5 or 10 tickets, you must use it only for you, so if you travel with another person, he must use another one!
You can travel by bus, tube, tram and trolley.
The best way to go fast from one destination to another is the public transport. Well, not the best idea, because REALLY the best idea is to walk, but if you don't like walking, you can just use a bus or another vehicle.
You can also use a taxi, but as I wrote in another tip-be careful with taxi prices!
A couple of useful weblinks from replies given to a question I posted on the forum (thanks those that replied)
For timetable info on buses between Sofia and Skopje see
Each lists different services it seems
Update to the above.
I went to Sofia bus station earlier today to buy a ticket to Skopje for the 16:00 service. The woman at the MATPU 96 bus company counter spoke English and told me that I needed my passport to buy a ticket. She asked for my name and told me that she would reserve a ticket for me and that I should return later with my passport to buy the ticket. I asked if returning at 15.30 would be OK and she said it would be.
I returned as agreed and suddenly the woman doesn't speak English. Through someone else translating I was told that my ticket has been sold to someone else.
If you need info on train times to and from Sofia there is www.bahn.co.uk
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