The Dzumaya Mosque was originally built in the second half of the 14th century but was soon burnt down. In 1435 Murad II rebuilt it and named it Muradiye after himself. The mosque was rebuilt and reconstructed in 1784 under the reign of Abdul Hamid and has since then not been changed.
There used to be an imaret (a place providing food and shelter for the poor) in the mosque complex. During the ramadan nights the imaret distributed food. During the fasting period people should refrain from eating and drinking from the break of dawn until sunset, when a cannon anounced the end of the day. Such cannons were located on Nebet Tepe and Sahat Tepe hills. The latter also warned the people in case of fire.
Djumaya Mosque, known also as Ulu Mosque, is a precious architectural monument in the center of Plovdiv that gives an idea of the old settlement of Filibe. It is one of the biggest and the oldest mosques in Bulgaria. It is called Djumaya (from Turkish – Friday), because the service was held in Friday.
It is believed to be built as an imperial mosque by Shihabedin pasha.
Downstairs there is a pastry shop with delicious Turkish delights.
The only thing people in Plovdiv do not like about the mosque is that it is still working.We believe it should be a monument of the culture but not functioning.
Walking up the main pedestrian street we ended up in a big mosque! It’s Ulu Djumaya Mosque (original name is Cuma Camii which means Friday Mosque in Turkish, I guess because of the typical Friday services)
Still a functioning mosque, it’s not only one of largest in Bulgaria but also one of the oldest as it dates back to Filibe times (when the ottomans came they renamed the city from Phillipopolis to Filibe in Turkish).
It was built by Shihabedin pasha during the reign of Sultan Murad II (1421-1451) over a church (Sveta Petka Tarnovska) that was demolished.
This multi-domed (there are 9 of them!) mosque has a rectangular shape that combines byzantine and Bulgarian styles but what we liked most was the 23 meter high minaret that is nicely decorated with red/white diagonal square meshwork. Once inside there is a lot of space for praying but nothing really interesting for the visitor to see, blue walls with typical florals, Koran quotes etc