After entering through Pile Gate this is one of the first monuments you come across. Built in the 15th century but heavily damaged in the 1667 earthquake, the fountain is a great place to sit & relax. 16 carved masks with water jets gushing from their mouths into a drainage pool remain.
Two fountains of Onofrio are placed at the beginning and the end of the Stradun. The bigger one is next to Pile gate and it has masks throwing water out of their mouth.
The other one is smaller and it's just before Ploce gate.
You can drink water from the fountain, it's fresh and nobody ever got poisoned.
The Fountain was built in 1444 by Onofrio de la Cava. It's a drinking fountain with 16 sides and takes it's water from a spring 20 kilometers away. A major accomplichment and the constuction a master piece of it's time.
When you enter Dubrovnik at the Pile Gate you will see Big Onofrio's Fountain. Near Ploce Gate you will find Small Onofrio's Fountain. Their original purpose was for travellers to wash at before going into the city proper to prevent plague and disease. All these years later they are still useful for cooling down and refilling your water bottle. A true Godsend.
Big Onofrio Fountain is located inside the Pile Gate. It was built by Onofrio della Cava in 1438. The fountain was built for the purpose of supplying fresh water to the city by pulling in water from the River Dubrovacka. It once had 2 storeys but it was damaged in the earthquake of 1667. There are masked faces on the fountain from which water flows.
Built around 1444, you must be blind to miss the fountain. It is a most welcome relief from the intense heat of Dubrovnik. Use the ice cool water to cool yourself down, so don't forget to take your facecloth with!
This old fountain is a unique 16-sided domed reservoir built in the memory of the new water works in 1438 - a seven-mile aqueduct system from mountain springs to city fountains. Loved all the detail of the old faces around it for the water spouts too (pic 4).
It's not just called big because it's big, but to differentiate it from the smaller Onofrio's fountain nearby. This giant fountain is part of a 15th century engineering marvel that drew water from a well 20km away and piped it into the old town. Today you'll find it marking the main entrance to the old town, and the beginning of the Stradun.
In a medieval and renaissance metropolis like Dubrovnik, the access to clean water was essential. Long before a modern water supply system existed, fountains played an important role. Water was collected on where now Sponza Palace stands in a cistern, in dry times water was carried by ships.
In 1436, an aquaeduct was built to carry the water from a mountain source into the city. The end of the water line in the city became Great Onofrio's fountain built betwen 1438 and 1438. Two years later, a "subsidiary" fountain at the other end of Stradun (the main street) was added and called Small Onofrio's fountain. The fountain was damaged in the 1667 earthquake and some damages can still be seen. What you can not see anymore is the big dragon statue on top of the fountain which was completely destroyed in the earthquake. The greatest fact about this fountain is that the old aquaeduct system is still in use today as it was in the 1400s - and the water quality fulfills modern standards.
Though it is often believed that the fountain is named after a saint, it has the name of its designer, Onofrio della Cava.
The Big Onforio's Fountain is most likely the first monument you'll see once entering the old town. It stands right in front of the Pile Gate. It's a polygon shaped fountain with 16 garved heads, built in 1438.
Aparently in use since the fourteenth century ,serving the purpose of attracting large numbers of tourists so people can try and harass them into local resteraunts.