Reconstruction of the fortress
Since the Yugoslav Army left the fortress ideas for new uses of the fortress began to emerge. As soon as the bombing and war actions around Brod stopped a program for its public use and reconstruction was made in 1994. Finally the fortress could be included in the list of public spaces of Brod, and on the list of its tourist attractions that it deserves.
The concept of reconstruction has the general idea that only through the reconstruction of the fortress Slavonski Brod can turn back its full ambient, historical, and urban value. Since 1995, in the reconstructed edifice of Slavonian garrison, Franciscans lead the Brod Classical Gymnasium. St. Mihovil's and St. Eugen's Bastions as well as the Edifice of Officer's Pavillion are now seats of the city administration and completely renovated.
Only a small part of the Cavalier was reconstructed so far. The casemates of the west cavalier were transformed into the Ruzic Gallery with notable collection from the Donation of Branko Ruzic, contemporary Croatian sculptor. Thus, along the public buildings, the fortress is getting new programs that will (hopefully) become attraction for themselves and attract more visitors in the future.
Water, any water is our fundament at least mine and where there is no “a drop” of it I want stay for long. To me water is like tranquilizer.
I have to admit that I prefer sea, and Adriatic Sea more than others, but any running water, no matter how big or small, lake even pond can do, oceans too.
Slavonski Brod is lying on a north bank of river Sava. It is mighty river as you can see on the photo, but I walked over it couple of times in my life even I’m just an ordinary man.
As a youngster I walked it in ski shoes while skiing in Kranjska Gora, Slovenia. That was Sava Dolinka, a northern sister. This winter I had a chance to do the same with Sava Bohinjka, southern sister, but circumstances were different, so I didn’t but I enjoyed looking trout and ducks in almost complete frozen Bohinj Lake from the bridge were it’s transforming to the river.
And I have walked it in my town during a couple of severest winters when it was completely frozen.
That river is now a frontier and it was a frontier for centuries before.
To me river connect not divides us.
Walk along the bank and sit and enjoy it.
Thank you, Gloria, your efforts and kindest are inspiring.
Sava is quite a boring river and anyone having ideas of quays and walkways along the river is quite dissapointed in Zagreb or Sisak for instance. There it is still dangerous river that threathens with occasional dangerous floods while for the most time there is not enough water to even see the river.
It is not the case in Slavonski Brod that definitely has the best treatment of the river that is at this point already big enough and without drastic fluctuations of the water level.
Walkways along the Sava quays in Slavonski Brod offer great possibility for walking, jogging or simply sitting on one of the benches and looking accross the border into Bosnia.
Inside the church
If you like 'little flying angels' then you definitely have to go inside this baroque church. Besides the main altar (that is not something special, to be honest) there are eight side-altars in the main nave. Little angels are flying everywhere in the best baroque manner!
The best work here was done by local craftsmen Henrik Polszl in mid-18th century, including the already mentioned baroque wardrobe behind the main altar.
Holy Trinity church
Holy Trinity church was built next to the Franciscan monastery, also by baron Trenk, in 1723. The church is also known as Velika crkva (big church).
It has a low bell tower situated on its side facade. The main facade is simple, facing the small square named after the church - Holy Trinity Square. The inside is well worth a look since it hides the rich baroque altars as well as an old baroque wardrobe behind the altar (that was unfortunately in a restauration workshop at the time I was here, so I missed it. It is considered to be one of the best examples of baroque furniture in Croatia).
The Franciscan Monastery in Brod was built in 1727 by baron Trenk, commander of the Brod Fortress. This monastery is one of the finest examples of baroque buildings in Slavonia. A small garden is encircled by strangely proportioned columns that define archway which runs around the garden. On the north side there is a clock and a sundial, made by A. Schotz.
The Franciscan order in Brod had not only spiritual importance but also had a significant educational role. By opening a school in 1709, they were the first educators, and, in 1720, they opened the Faculty of Philosophy.
The fortress was surrounded by earthen ramparts and brick built structures, with deep ditches of regular geometrical form that were originally filled with water. Its glacis (artificial slopes of earth, so constructed as to keep an assailant under the fire of the defenders to the last possible moment) are still very impressive. In the 19th Century trees were added here by J. Fohmann, turning this area into a large landscape park.
There are still some research been done in the glacis area, so ramparts are closed to visitors. After the reconstruction there are plans to introduce water channels again which will make the fortress even more impressive and attractive.
The fortress got its final shape at the time of Austrian queen Maria Theresa in 1770s, when great part of edifices within the fortress were finished, including a unique structure of the Cavalier.
The Cavalier surrounded the central square of the whole fortress on three sides, giving the whole structure the appearance of a single "bastion" and is one of the greatest building of this type in fortification architecture in general. In a large central place (used for lining-up of the army) a chapel of St. Ann was built, as well as the characteristic structure of bell tower with watch, located in the central axle of the fort complex.
As the fortress was used by the Yugoslav Army untill the 1990s, large part of it was neglected and devastated, and the central chapel of St. Ann was demolished. Today there is a sign of the chapel in form of a low wall in the center of the fortress. The size of the square is impressive, and one can imagine thousands of troops that this fortress was able to accommodate in times of threaths to the Empire.
The fortress in Brod was built as part of a system of fortified towns along the border with Turkish provinces in the 18th Century. It is the most important example of Baroque fortress architecture in Croatia, and one of the best preserved large fortresses of the 'Vauban type' in Europe (named after Sebastien Le Prestre de Vauban, a Marshal of France and the foremost military engineer of his age, famed for his innovative designs of fortifications)
The fortress in Brod was built by Prince Eugene of Savoy at the beginning of the 18th Century. The first part of the fortress was built in form of a Vauban type of fortification according to designs of engineers Willer and Perette from 1715. The final form of the fortification complex was star-like form designed by the main designer of the Military Frontier the Swiss engineer Nicolaus Doxat de Demoret.
Fortress was used as an independent military fortification and garrison within the defensive system of the Military Frontier (border region with Turkish provinces in Bosnia). The fortress demonstrates similarity to the Roman military camp, but adapted to the modern use of artillery of the new age with huge defensive walls and ramparts.
- Castles and Palaces
- Historical Travel
This relatively large housing estate (for Slavonski Brod) was built in the 1980s and is one of the last housing neighbourhoods that were built as one unit in Croatia.
Designed by architects Galijasevic, Hanzek and Josic it consists of 12 blocks of houses only two to three storeys high.
Large openings in facades allow easy access to the inside of blocks which is reserved for pedestrians only - with children playgrounds, small gardens and parks. Car and pedestrian traffic are strictly separated throughout the neighbourhood.
Streets have no names here - the whole neighbourhood is known only by the name, official one usually carrying the name of some politician. Current name is Naselje Andrije Hebranga. For the meaning of its informal name - Vampire City - you'll have to check the travelogue.
IBM cultural centre
The building of Cultural centre in Slavonski Brod, designed by architect Marijan Haberle in 1858, is among the best examples of modernist architecture in Croatia (if not the best).
Pure volumes, space floating through those volumes and columns, ingenious opening towards the Sava river, large glass surfaces,.... this all makes the reason to come to Slavonski Brod alone for all modern architecture lovers.
Today the IBM cultural centre houses the library, concert hall, art gallery and small workshops.
Very nice architecture
Its a very nice, at least a century old fire brigade house. Its right next to the historical museuma and VELIKA CRKVA or the main church. On the photo you can still see war damage. During feast and what we call KIRVAJ or the cenebration of the local saint, this square off Velika Crkva and the firebrigade quarters is a place to be.
Slavonski Brod cemetary
The old part of the cemetary has very nice gothic and romanic family thombs. Since it has 3 sections, you can see the old place, the orthodox graves and the new part. What usually happens on Saturday is that every family decorates their grave with flowers and candles so that it can be a pretty place on Sundays. On the other hand, it is interesting to see the Orhodox cemetary during their holiday since they sit around the graves and bring food and drinks as to accompany their ancestors.
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