Cathedral - Katedrala Marijina Uznesenja, Zagreb
It took me two visits to actually get inside the cathedral building because when I first arrived an additional Mass was about to take place and no visitors were allowed. I don't like visiting places of worship when services are in progress anyway but it's worth being aware that it seems visiting during Mass is not acceptable in this particular place.
You should also take note of the 'cover bare shoulders and knees' notices. Whilst I did see several women who ignored this request and were not challenged that doesn't mean it's ok. Doing so is just plain disrespectful.
Zagreb's cathedral was pretty much destroyed in the 1880 earthquake and rebuilt in neo-Gothic style, with two spires added. So, although it has a very long history, what you see today largely dates from that time.
The first cathedral on the site was completed in 1217. That first building was destroyed by the Tartars in 1242 but was replaced by the end of the 1200s. The Ottoman invasion of Croatia in the 1400s led to the building of defensive walls and towers around the cathedral precinct. You can still see the remains of some of those defences on the northern side.
Its 'newness' meant that today's cathedral held little interest for me, although I was pleased to find an ancient gravestone on display at the altar end of the southern side-aisle and, beneath, just a tiny fragment of the Medieval frescos which once covered almost all the interior. There are also a couple of beautifully-carved choir stalls which date from the early 1500s, complete with intricate marquetry panels. You'll find those down the side-aisles too.
A small, elaborate shrine to the former Archbishop of Zagreb, the Blessed Alojzije (Alosius) Stepinac, lies behind the main altar. He was Archbishop from 1937 - 1960 and was created 'Blessed' by Pope John Paul ll in 1998. I knew nothing about him at the time of my visit but he has both a detailed wiki page and a very interesting life story.
Before you go inside, take a few minutes to wander around the area in front of the cathedral and down its northern side.
You really can't miss the golden statue of the Madonna, perched on a column supported by four golden angels (created by an Austrian sculptor called Fenkhorn in the 1880s) but there is more to see.
To the left of the cathedral, as you stand in front of it, you'll see the top of the old spire and a re-creation. It's there to show you exactly why parts of the cathedral's exterior are so often shrouded in scaffolding and plastic sheeting. Decades of damage from weather and pollution (not 'centuries'...the cathedral had to be almost completely rebuilt after the earthquake of 1880) have severely damaged the stonework and the restoration and renovation is ongoing.
You'll also see a huge, rusted clockface fixed to the Medieval defensive wall which once surrounded the cathedral precinct. I believe it is the clockface which was part of the cathedral before the earthquake. There's a proper Medieval tower at the street end of that section of wall and another if you walk down the northern exterior of the cathedral, along with some very old buildings which use the defensive wall as their own rear wall.
You'll also find clean, free public toilets to the left of the cathedral. That's always useful to know! :-)
Zagreb Cathedral’s full name is the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary. It is a beautiful building located in the Kaptol part of the city. The cathedral has two tall spires which can be seen from a long way away. One of the spires was being restored during our visit.
The cathedral dates from 1093. During its long history it has been damaged by fires, earthquake and a Tartar invasion. After Zagreb experienced a dreadful earthquake in 1880 the cathedral was restored by Hermann Bollé,
Outside the cathedral there were two pillars: one restored and one not. At the end of the Communist era the whole cathedral was in the same state as the non-restored pillar after years of neglect. Nearby was a clock stopped at the time the earthquake of 1880 struck the city.
During our visit there was a service going on inside the cathedral, so we could not wander round and look at things. Instead we listened to parts of the service.
Zagreb Cathedral was visited by Pope Benedict XVI in 2011.
Zagreb's main landmark is the Cathedral of the Assumption. The original church was badly damaged by sieges of the Tartars and by an earthquake.
The two impressive bell towers (104 and105 m) were erected in Neo-Gothic style at the beginnig of the 20 th century.
On both my visits of Zagreb in 2004 and 2012, the cathedral was at least partly scaffolded.
The Cathedral of the Assumption dominates Zagreb's upper town (Gornij grad). This part of the town is known as Kaptol.
This place has to be right up on the list of "must sees" in Zagreb. Indeed, you can't avoid seeing it, as it dominates the city skyline with the twin 300 plus feet towers making it visible from just about anywhere.
I believe it is properly called the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary and St. Stephen and Ladislav, but is locally just known as the Cathedral and, as I hope my photos convey, it is truly impressive, despite the ongoing restoration work to the outside.
Like so many old religious buildings, this one is the result of many renovations and restorations with the first Cathedral probably being in the 12th century, believed to have been destroyed when the Tartars attacked Zagreb.
The present Neo-Gothic building mostly dates from post 1880, when huge damage was caused by an earthquake. It was designed by Hermann Bolle.
The supplementary photos show a couple of the numerous beautiful shrines within the Cathedral, and also a statue of the crucifixion. Above it, you will se an inscription in a language I had never seen before, but I have been told it is the fore-runner of the modern Croat language.
Zagreb’s Cathedral is the landmark of the city and the tallest building in Croatia. It has a gothic architecture and its construction started on the 11th century. But with so many setbacks (invasions and earthquakes) today some work is still being done on the towers.
The Zagreb Cathedral is located in the Kaptol part of Zagreb. The Zagreb Cathedral dominates the skyline with its neo-Gothic style, while the Renaissance walls surrounding it are rare preserved examples of their kind in this part of medieval Europe.
Another mouthful in Croat. Translates as the "Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary". Almost as bad in English.
Confusingly (as things can be in this part of the world) it also seems to be known as Katedrala Sv Stjepana - Cathedral of St Stephen
It was founded in 1093 and the original construction completed in 1242. After that the Tartars spent 21 years trying to destroy it during sieges of the city. In 1624 it was all but destroyed by fire. In 1645 - more fire damage. It was rebuilt and then badly damaged again in 1880 - the earthquake this time.
It has been in a period of renovation since 1990 as can be seen in the photos.
The Archbishop's Palace is adjacent, as are 2 defence towers dating from 1469 (then part of fortifications against Turkish attacks). In front is an 1850 column topped by statue of Mary with 4 angels.
... but I was wandering around town with a friend so we went in to have a look at the Cathedral. I am also not very fond of the European habit of having embalmed bodies on display. I find it slightly repellent and unhygenic.
My friend didn't know who the body had once belonged to and I asked around and found it had belonged to Aloysius Stepinac who was Archbishop from 1937-1960. He has been beatified by Pope John Paul II.
But, like so much else in this part of the world, it is all rather complicated and problematic.
If you want to know more google his name and you will find a lot of info about an interesting man living in interesting times.
St Stephen’s Cathedral is undeniably Zagreb’s most magnificent building. The decorations, both inside and out, attract the most visitors of any building in the city and its Neo-Gothic facade makes it a favourite subject for photographers.
Along with St. Mark's Church, The Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary is one of he most visited sites in Zagreb. The Cathedral is located in the Old Town on Kaptol and its spires tower high into the Zagreb sky.
A church has been located on this site since the 11th century but has been restored and rebuilt several times, most significantly after a siege by the Tartars and an earthqwith one being uake in 1880 which destroyed the nave and towers.
The Cathedral was restored in the Neo-Gothic style to give it its present day appearance. (An interesting note on the restored towers is that they are different heights with one being 104 metres high and the other being 105 metres high!) The Cathedral is under constant restoration during the last few years and scaffolding around either of the towers is a common site.
The Cathedral is also known as St. Stephen's Cathedral (Its former official name)
This nice attractive cathedral with its attractive twin gothic spires can be found at Kaptol. It used to be dedicated to St Stephen but because the stone chapel which is dedicated to the Virgin Mary kept overflowing because of its popularity the dedication for this cathedral was changed to try and encourage more people to worship here instead.
There is a nice fountain in the courtyard outside. You can also see some of the 16th century fortifications around the cathedral here.
The Archbishop's Palace actually surrounds the Cathedral and is notable for its many turrets. It was once called a "southern Kremlin" by the archeologist Arthur Evans. The turrets are supposedly ivy-cloaked, although the one I got a picture of was bare. In any case, you cannot enter the Palace as a tourist; just admire it from afar.
The Cathedral was built by the Austrians von Schmidt and Bollé in 1880. The original structure was lost in a masive earthquake. Only some of the renaissance choir styles and a mediaeval fresco survived the terrible catastrophe. In the late 19th century, it was felt that Zagreb needed something with large spires to convey its grand status, so most of the work and money was spent on the spires than on the interior. You can see an effigy of Archbishop Stepinac, Croatia's controversial archbishop during the Second World War, inside the church. There is also a relief of the Archbishop kneeling before Christ by his mock grave.
This wonderful structure was first founded in 1093/4 and it took many centuries to become what it is now. The first consecreation was in 1217 but already in 1242 the Tatar invasion did some heavy damage to it. Various fires did their share and it was constantly rebuilt and extended like from 1880 onwards when the twin towers were added. A lot of worshippers visit the cathedral daily, so be considerate when taking pictures. Inside there are a lot of treasures to be seen.