Charles University, Prague
Czech Universita Karlova (University of Prague) was founded in 1348 by the Holy Roman emperor Charles IV of Luxembourg (hence its name). It was the first university in central Europe and modelled on Sorbonne in Paris and the University of Bologna, Italy. Among its buildings is the Carolinum, one of the oldest existing university buildings in the world, now mainly used for official meetings. The student population was from the beginning divided into Czechs and Germans (although many were Scandinavians etc.). The great religious reformer Jan Hus (a Czech) was elected rector of the university in 1409, but the German teachers there were opposed to his teachings and went on to form the university at Leipzig soon after. Hus was burned at the stake for heresy in 1415. His death was followed by the many uprisings, religious wars and suppression of the Czech people under Habsburg rule. In the 17th century the university was renamed Charles-Ferdinand University after the Holy Roman emperor Ferdinand II of Habsburg and Austria and was put under Jesuit control, and divided into separate Czech and German institutions. The German university was abolished after World War II. –The Carolinum is a Gothic chapel from 1370, but was rebuilt in the Baroque style in 1718. There is a gallery on the ground floor.
The Karolinum is the central nucleus of the university founded by Charles IV in 1348. Original of the epoch are the chapel, the gateway and the building perimeter. In the fifteenth century and in the sixteenth century the university had a role of first floor in the riformist movement. The beautiful bovindo that sticks out on Ovocny Trh is built in Gothic style.
Karolinium university is the first university in Central Europe, founded by emperor Karl IV. Unfortunately, the original XIV century building was destroyed by the Germans in 1945, and only the gothic window has survived. Across the alley is the neoclassical building used to house the German theater.
I must have wandered over the Charles Bridge more than I visited any other part of Prague, lovely views of the castle as you go over, and the place I just kept coming back to.
When I was in Prague in December there was also a market just below the bridge with fabulous cooking smeels wafting up, fires burning to keep warm, just magical.
It was not really a must see place but i got there accidently. I was walking along the river Charles University Faculty of Law was right in front of us. It was good accident as it saved us time of hunting that university. Building itself is beautiful from inside and outside. One more tip about this place is that coke is cheap here from outside.
The original Charles University building, established in 1348. A Gothic bay chapel of 137O was rebuilt in Baroque style in 1718.
At present, Charles University graduation ceremonies take place there.
The windows look beautiful from outside.