We spent a couple of hours walking around Prague's Nové Město which, as its name indicates, is the newest part of Prague. It dates back to the 14th century and was founded by King Charles IV to accommodate the city's growing population, which by then had become the third largest in Europe. Plans were carefully drawn and laid out to build a new town around a market (today's Wenceslas Square); however, very few of the town's medieval building have survived to this day. Most of the area's architecture dates back to the 19th century, and although it attracts less visitors than the older part of town, I thought its elegant houses - especially those that border the Vltava - were worth seeing. Their architecture was largely influenced by the Art Nouveau style that had just emerged in Paris at the time, which then gave Prague a modern-city look and feel that reflected its importance, and its quieter, broader streets make it a very pleasant place to go for a peaceful stroll when you want to get away from the more crowded Old Town area.
The Town Hall of the New Town is right on Karlovo namesti and occupies almost the whole northern side of the square. It consists of two very different parts that date from different eras - one Gothic, the other in Empire style. The first building's construction works were started 1377, finished 1418. Only the large hall on the ground floor and some few other walls date from that building, it was severely damaged in the Hussite Wars in 1434. The landmark tower was built 1452 - 56. The facade has four late-gothic coats-of-arms, apart from the New Town's the Bohemian, Polish and German Imperial ones. The Renaissance gables were added in the 16th century when the building was damaged by a fire.
Until 1784, when all districts of Prague were united, this building was used as town hall for the New Town, with offices, rooms for representations and banquettes and even a jail, now it still hosts offices of the town's administration.
now our virtual tour moves on to the new town area of central prague. this first stop is the main train station (hlavni nadrazi). the part of the station were you arrive and depart the trains is some what dingy and because of seedy charcters that roam the station it is a place you do not want to hang around. but the upper level of the station on wilsonova street is an interesting place to visit. the main hall of the upper station is preserved as it was in the turn of the 20th century. you can see the old ticket windows and there is a cafe on this floor. the upper level of the station is very different than the lower level. worth a look when at the station.
Different from Old Town in name more than anything else, Prague’s New Town ( Nove Mesto) boasts a similar collection of shops, cafes, pubs, and architectural gems. New Town is quite a misleading moniker given that this part of Prague was founded in 1348, and, unfortunately, visiting New Town doesn’t offer an escape from the throngs of camera-toting tourists. Much as Old Town is dominated by Staromestske nam, Vaclavske nam (Wenceslas Square) is at the heart of New Town.
The Town hall of Nove Mesto is a great building of Gothic origin with tower. In the sixteenth century the building was restructured in Renaissance style as you can seen by the pediments. During the summer season you can go over the tower and to see a nice view over Nove Mesto and Karlovo Namesti.
Namesti Republiki is at the border between Stare Mesto and Nove Mesto. There is plenty of shopping in this area.
Highlights are the suriviving tower of medieval fortifications (Prasna Brana) and the Obecni Dum gallery/ restaurant.
Nove Mesto (New Town) was actually laid out by Charles IV in the XIV century, but most of its buildings date from the turn of the century. Style is similar to Josefov and Smichov across the river.
Highlights are Wenceslas Square with the National museum and shopping, the quiet park on Karlovo namesti, impressive National Theater.
It is located east and south of Stare Mesto along the river Vltava.
The Novomestska Radnice, or Townhall of Nove Mesto, is situated at the end of the big park at Charles' Square (Karlovo Namesti). The park itself is a nice, green spot in the middle of a very crowded area. Cars, trams and more speed around the square. Inside there is a simple park with a fountain, nice colourful flowers and lots of different trees.
The Townhall itself is an interesting looking building that has had its current shape since 1905. The tower nevertheless already was built in 1456. The building was used as townhall until the different part of Prague were united in 1784. After that it was used as a prison and as a justice court.
The Nove Mesto, New Town, isn't as new as its name may suggest. Actually, this part of the city was already founded in 1348, by the King Charles IV. Nove Mesto was built to concentrate the increasing industry. A few big marketsquares, with all an own focus, became the centres of the area.
In 1784 the different quarters of Prague were united and the canals en walls around Stare Mesto were demolished. At the free spaces that were created, the new, expanding activities were positioned. The streets Na Prikope, Narodni and Revolucni became busy business areas.
After the fall of the communism the old Soviet-warehouses were replaced by modern shops. Nowadays the Nove Mesto is the centre of the shopping areas in the city, with every now and then a nice old building in between the shops.
In 1945 American bomberplanes attacked Prague. A mistake, they later said, as in so many similar cases. Thankfully damage was limited. One of the victims was this monastery, which finally was restored in the 1960's, although not to its old condition. The modern steeples on the church are real eyecatchers, but unfortunately they're too heavy for the poor building.
Or as the saint is known in Czech: St. Jindrich. A nice church in a street that few tourists seem to visit. In the 12th century a Romanesque basilica was built, which was rebuilt in ca. 1350 in Gothic style, while changes in Renaissance and Baroque style were made later. Perhaps not one of Prague's top churches but interesting anyway.
Just south of Stare Mesto lies our next district, the Nove Mesto, or New Town. Only slightly younger than the Old Town, the New Town features some of the less touristed areas of town, while maintaining the charm as well as a liveable feeling. This is not a museum district; it is a neighbourhood that's home to people who work, eat, sleep, and drink every day. It feels lived in, and that's rare in central Prague.
Nové Mesto (New Town), the focus of the modern city, covers the largest area, laid out in long wide boulevards - most famously Wenceslas Square (Václavské námestí)
- stretching south and east of the old town.
Most important things to view: Vaclavske Namesti, National Museum and Karlovo Namesti (Charles Square).