St George's Basilica is the oldest preserved church building of the Prague Castle. Only the foundations of the building, founded about 920 by Prince Vratislav I, have been preserved. In 973 the basilica was reconstructed and enlarged with the building of St George's Benedictine Convent.
The present Romanesque appearance of the church is from the 12th century and the reconstruction carried out after the fire which occurred in 1142. In the first half of the 13th century a chapel consecrated to St Ludmila and a portico on its western side were added. In the Early Baroque period, from 1671 to 1691, the present facade was created and the the whole convent was reconstructed. In the early 18th century the architect Frantisek Maxmilian Kanka added the Baroque Chapel of St John Nepomuk. After the devastating occupation of the convent by troops in the late 18th century the church was renewed in the years from 1887 to 1908 and its Romanesque appearance was restored.
The interior of the basilica is austere and monumental. The altar painting and frescos in the dome are the work of Vaclav Vavrinec Reiner. The tombs of members of the Premyslid dynasty of princes Vratislav I and Boleslav II are in the main nave.
St George's Basilica now serves as a concert hall, a delightful setting for early evening classical concerts. It is highly recommended to wear fairly warm clothing in the winter if attending concert in St George's Basilica.
This is the best preserved Romanesque church in Prague and it actually predates St Vitus Cathedral but its present rusty red facade is a 17th century addition. We didn't visit inside - to be honest I'd seen enough chuches by then - even for a rainy day! - so we movved onto the Royal Palace which was more on my agenda.
This church is within the grounds of Prague Castle, and is included in the "short visit" admission ticket.
The outside is a baroque façade from the seventeenth century, but the inside is the oldest church in the castle complex, a Romanesque church that was founded around the year 920.
Classical music concerts are often held in the Basilica of St. George, typically every second evening at 18:30. For example, they were recently advertising a "Prague Castle Concert" by a group called " The Old Prague Music Ensemble," consisting of 5 musicians and a singer named Libuse Moravcova-Myratska. Their program was quite typical for a tourist concert:
B. Smetana: Vltava [aka the Moldau]
F. Schubert: Ave Maria with soprano
A. Dvořák: Humoresque, Largo from the New World Symphony, Slavonic Dance no. 8
C. Franck: Panis Angelicus with soprano
J. Pachelbel: Canon in D
G. Bizet: Intermezzo and Ouverture from the opera Carmen
A. Vivaldi: Four Seasons - Spring, 2nd movement from Winter
G. F. Händel: Lascia ch'io pianga with soprano (This aria from Händel's opera Rinaldo is a favorite of mine, as I have explained in one of my Halle tips entitled Händel as an opera composer.)
T. Albinoni: Adagio
W. A. Mozart: Alleluja with soprano
J. Brahms: Hungarian dances no.5 & 6
You could hear most of these pieces six or seven times a week if you went to all the tourist concerts in the Castle and Old Town of Prague.
Second photo: Inside the Basilica of St. George.
The St. George Basilica ( Basilika sv. Jiri) it is the very good preserved Romanesque church from 921 and the oldest sacral building of the Praque Castle. The Baroque facade descended from XVII century. There are the tombs of Premysl royalties.
Here often take place classical music concerts.
The interior of the church is rather simple in the main room, but when you go forward and to the side-rooms it gets really beautiful and interesting.
Inside the monastery you may see great paintings and sculptures, a large collection that is worth seeing, but I left it again for my next visite.
From the outside this church is nice but on the inside it is even nicer. Not ornate like St Vitus but not any the less beautiful. There is a double stairway leading to the apse that has 12 century frescoes. Here are also the tombs of Prince Boleslav II dated 997 and Prince Vratislavi who died in 921 and was the founder of this church. Under the stairs is an arch where you can see a 12th century crypt.
A gem of a church building providing ample proof for the old aesthetic law that beauty and simplicity go hand in hand. Visiting highly recommended. Within the castle complex between St. Vitus cathedral and the Golden Lane.
St. George Basilica is known from year of 920 and is second oldest in Prague, rare Romanesque style.
It was used as burial place for Predmyslid dynasty members till 1055, still 3 tombs here exist, and one is of founder of basilica – Vratislav I. This sanctuary was planned to be as the main in that time Bohemia.
Basilica’s architecture is nicely mixed. The main façade and Saint John of Nepomuk Chapel is baroque style, southern entrance – Renaissance; Chapel of St. Ludmila is gothic, towers and most of main interior – Romanesque.
There is wooden crucifix on the wall of St. George Basilica. Story tells that Jesus on cross started to bleed when princess Ana prayed for her father Premysl Otakar II. Actually it symbolized that her father was already death at battle and country will suffer bad times.
The foundations of the original building that stood here are from the 900's and have been preserved., though this church has been enlarged and reconstructed. There was a fire here in 1142 which led to the reconstruction.
Next to the church was a convent which started in 973. It was converted to an army barracks in 1782 and is now a National Gallery. Entrance fee of about 50kc.
Rather small for a basilica, especially compared to the st Vitus Cathedral in front of it
Originally built in 973 as the first bohemian monastery, it has been restaured in 1974 to store the Czech gothic, baroque & renaissance art.
Don't let that Baroque facade fool you; behind it is a truly Romanesque church, one of the oldest churches in Prague. It's much better to see from the alley next to it. The church was founded in the 10th century, rebuilt in the 12th,and the facade added in the 17th. The towers are reconstructions of those that were built in the 12th century and date from 1969-1975.
(Please note that the facade isn't really that red; that's just the result of a somewhat failed attempt at editing the picture. Colourblindness does that to me sometimes....)
This was the second church built in the Prague Castle in the Czech Republic. St. George's Basilica was founded in 920 by Prince Vratislav I. The Roman style Basilica is located near the Benedictine Monastery . The present appearance of the church dates back to the time of the reconstruction after a fire in 1142. F. M. Kanka added the Baroque Chapel of St. John Newpomuk in the early 18th century. After the destruction of the convent by troops in the late 18th century, the church was remolded between the years 1887 and 1908. F. Mach's design tried to restore the Romanesque appearance. From 1969 to 1975, it was reconstructed to adapt to the installation of the old Bohemian art of the National Gallery.
Two significant events
There were two significant events that increased the importance of the church. One of them was the placing of objects of the first Czech female martyr and Saint, Ludmila, into the church. The other event was when the first Czech convent was founded by Princess Mlada. The tombstone of St. Ludmila, in the Saint Ludmila Chapel, is a tourist attraction worth seeing. Carved out of limestone, the tombstone dates back to the year 1370. On the tombstone lies a sculpture of her body. The church was burned 150 years later during a military siege of the castle. The tomb of St. Ludmila was the only thing that remained untouched. A major attraction is the deathly sculpture of a skeleton, which has been taken over by frogs, snakes, and lizards. This sculpture has been nicknamed Brigit. Supposedly, an envious sculptor killed his girlfriend and threw her into the brook of the Jeleni Prikop.
When you walk behind St. Vitus Cathedral past the Old Royal Palace, you will see the Basilica of St. George. The original Basilica was built in 920, but the existing one was built in 1142 after a devastating fire. The outside of the building is colorful, but once inside it is plain and modest and is the best Romanesque church existing in Prague. Also worth looking at inside the Basilica are the 13th century Chapel of St. Ludmila and 18th century Chapel of St. John Nepomuk.
Photography is not allowed inside. You must purchase a tour package to see this.
Is the second oldest church at Prague Castle. It served as the burial place of the Premyslid family, and the first Czech female saint, the Duchess Ludmila.
Es la segunda iglesia mas antigua del castillo de praga. Fueron enterrados la familia Preyslid y la duquesa Ludmila, la primera santa checa.
Though St Vitus is easily the most imposing structure in all of Prague and certainly Castle Hill, there are several other churches on this vast prominence. Directly east of St Vitus is the small basilica of St George, with a simple nave and facade. Classical performances are held here regularly, though the acoustics seem a little uneasy. In point of simplicity, I compare its interior among Prague churches with the dun interior of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Rome.