Witness the oldest surviving construction within Vysehrad, the Rotunda of St Martin. Though it underwent heavy renovation in the late 19th century, this is a Romanesque construction dating from the 11th century, and as such figures as one of the oldest surviving constructions in Prague.
The perimeter of the graveyard is like a domed arcade much resembling the courtyard of the Blue Mosque in Istanbul. Most of the interior markers and graves are bunched together, almost crowded for spots in this hallowed field of illustrious names. Though I didn't recognize many names, the perimeter tombs enjoyed the best artwork.
Just south of the better known portions of Prague, the ancient fortress of Vysehrad next to the Vltava still stands, but you'll need patient eyes to find it. Today the fortress is most easily discovered by the twin spires of SS Peter and Paul rising high above. If you're on the Charles Bridge you can readily spot this famous church down river. Czech kings once kept a citadel on this rocky outcrop almost 1,000 years ago, but despite repairs, enlargements and renovations over the centuries, the kings relinquished Vysehrad in favor of Hradcany. Today little more than the outer curtain walls remain. Now, instead of soldiers, the ramparts are mainly manned by pet owners walking their dogs.
What remains of Vysehrad today are mainly a small park and the outer bailey, the latter encircled by squalid apartments and moorings on the riverside. Though a church has crowned this fortress for centuries, the present neo-Gothic church of St Peter and Paul has stood here only since the 19th century. Photographs inside are forbidden, unless you want to pay a fine of 500kc for your troubles. The interior is earthy in tone, with renderings in auburn, rust, dun, and brown colors depicting various Czech saints in a very subtle nave. The outer portals are arched in neo-Gothic, with interesting mosaics which you CAN photograph.
Vysehrad is very important place of czech history. On the hill had been probably colonized already in prehistoric ages, the castle was a seat of czech kings for many years (till king Charles IV.) and also served as a fortress. In 11. century was built the castle, church, fortress and rotundas. The complex was destroyed many times, especially once during Hussite wars. Afterall, only the Church of St. Peter and Paul has been left.
The romanish church has a beautiful main door painted and interior is also worth to see. The entrance is 40 Kc.
Located south of the old city center, Vyšehrad is Prague's second castle. Like the more famous, and more obvious Hradcany, Vyšehrad is less of a castle, and more of an elevated platform for a cathedral. But it's no less grand for it.
Built in the 10th century, the castle struggled for influence with the rival castle on the opposite banks of the Vltava. When Hradcany was expanded to its vast modern dimensions in the 14th century, by Emperor Charles IV, Vyšehrad had lost the battle.
Today its most prominent feature are the black facades of the Cathedral of Saint Paul and Peter. The old castle walls also offer a great vantage point for views of the Vtlava and Prague across the rooftops. The cemetery holds the graves of notable Czechs like Dvorak.
Vysehrad is a castle located in the Czech Republic, built in the 10th century, on a hill over the Vltava River. Situated within the castle is the Cathedral of Saint Paul and Peter, as well as the Vysehrad cemetery, containing the remains of many famous people from Czech history.
Vysehrad and the area around it became part of the capital city, Prague, in 1883. The area is one of the cadastral districts of the city.
Established in 1869 on the grounds of Vysehrad Castle in Prague, Czech Republic, the Vysehrad cemetery (Vysehradsky hrbitov in Czech) is the final resting place of many composers, artists, sculptors, writers, and those from the world of science and politics. The centrepiece of the cemetery is the Slavín Monument designed by Antonín Wiehl and the cemetery is sometimes referred to as the Slavín cemetery.
Some of the famous Czechs interred here:
Karel Capek (1890-1938), playwright
Antonín Chittussi (1847-1891), painter
Emmy Destinn (Ema Destinnová, 1878-1930), opera singer
Antonín Dvorak, (1841-1904), composer
Frantisek Hrubín, (1910-1971), writer and poet, friend of Jaroslav Seifert
Jaroslav Heyrovsky (1890-1967), Nobel prize winning founder of polarography
Rafael Kubelík (1914-1996), conductor and composer
Karel Hynek Mácha (1810-1836), romantic poet
Alfons Mucha (1860-1939), painter
Josef Vaclav Myslbek (1848-1922), sculptor
Jan Neruda (1834-1891), poet, writer
Bozena Nemcova (1820-1862), writer, author of the novel "Babicka" (The Grandmother)
Olga Scheinpflugova (1902-1968), actress and wife of Karel Capek
Bedrich Smetana (1824-1884), composer
Max Svabinský (1873-1962), painter
The church of St Peter and St. Paul was built and rebuilt along the centuries and finished. Inside there are a good paintings on art nouveau style painted on years 20 by czecs artists.
La iglesia de San Pedro y San Pablo fue construida y reconstruida a lo largo de los siglos y acabó en un remozamiento neogótico de Josef Mocker en la decada de 1.880. El interior en un alucinante viaje de vividos frescos de art nouveau, pintados en los años veinte por diversos artistas checos
A step cliff overlooking the river Vltava has been associated with the myth of the foundation of the Czech State and Prague itself. Legend has it that it was here the legendary founders of the Premyslid dynasty, Libuse and Premysl, resided, and where Libuse prophesied the town eternal glory "touching upon the stars".
The medieval legend, revived at the Romantic period, has been confronted with a more sober scientific conclusion that while there are indeed traces of human settlement on this site dating from as early as 4000B.C., the medieval fortress of Vysehrad is actually younger then Prague Castle. This notwithstanding, while visiting Vysehrad and walking through the park decorated with statues by J. V. Myslbek on themes from old Bohemian legends, or admiring a view of the river and the city from the top of the cliff one is very likely to succumb to the illusion and believe the ancient legends.
Impossible to get lost within the walls of the former fortress, wherever you go you are certain to find something of interest. Just behind the majestic Leopold Gate built in 1670 stands the Romanesque St. Martin's rotunda, the earliest preserved structure in Vysehrad.
In the building of the Old Deanery visitors can inspect the foundation of the St. Lawrence basilica, while the New Deanery is frequently the value of concerts and literary programmes. Apart from a number of statues, the park is also known for its mysterious "devil's stones" and the remains of the earliest stone bridge in Prague. Vysehrad's most familiar landmark is the chapter church of St. Peter and Paul, originally built in the Romanesque style, but rebuilt many times, most recently in the 19th century by architects Mocker and Mikes in neo-Gothic style.
Vysehrad, emblazoned with legends, including the primary national myth, was in the mid-19th century selected as the most suitable of places for a national cemetery which would be resting place for the nation's elite. In the 1880s, the chairman of the Smichov district council P. Fisher had a large monument knows as Slavin (Pantheon) built on the site of a medieval cemetery after a design of architect A. Wiehl.
Fifty-one of the foremost Czech artists, scientists and politicians have so far been buried at Slavin, and the graves of 500 other major figures can be found elsewhere in the cemetary. With most of the gravestones the work of leading Czech sculptors, this is yet another of Prague's open-air art galleries.
When in Vysegrad don't miss the beautiful views of Vltava river from the southern part of the castle. The walk around the castle along the walls is very worth the time. It'll take less then an hour and you'll enjoy many beautiful views of Prague and Vltava
A short trip south of the center of Prague, two Metro stops only, is the steep cliff overlooking the River Vltava known as Vysehrad, meaning “castle on the heights.” This area resonates deeply with the Czech people. It’s here that the founders of the Premyslid dynasty, the first to rule Bohemia, resided, and where Princess Libuse prophesied the town’s eternal glory “touching upon the stars.” A 10th century fortress and castle complex covered most of the cliff. Today, it is a great park where Praguers go strolling.
Here can be found the Church of Saints Peter and Paul. It was rebuilt in the neo-Gothic style in the late 19th century on the site of the first church of this name that dated back to the 11th century when it was founded by Prince Vratislav II. The new plan respected the lay out of Emperor Karl IV’s original early 14th century Gothic design.
The church’s interior is decorated in the Art Nouveau style. It’s a refreshing change from the Baroque; and it made this church’s interior my favorite.
Vyshrad is the old castle in Prague, you will find there a very quiet place with a big park , a cemetery with many famous czech people.
Vyshrad was very close to our hotel (corinthia towers) so we could enjoy this place in the evening and walk back to our hotel.
This small cemetery is a cemetery of czech famous people, as writers, componists, actors, singers artists and scientists, from 19. century. All around are crypts covered by arcades. Here you can see very well according to the grave or crypt, who was poor or rich. Although there is an well known writer and did a great job, at that time his work was not honoured.
I just picked up some people (in the photos): Antonin Dvorak - czech componist, opera Rusalka, lived in 19. century.
Jan Neruda - lived in 19. cen. in Mala Strana. Probably you will see Dum U Dvou Sluncu, his house. His poems and work is adherent to Mala Strana.
Vlasta Burian - czech comedian actor, lived in 20. cen.
Karel Capek - czech writer, who among others made up a word ROBOT. Lived in 19. and 20. cen.
This church dates back to the 11h century when Vysehrad was the residence of the Premyslid princes. The church was given its present neo-Gothic appearance in 1885-1903. According to some people (our guide for instance) this is the most beautiful church of Prague. I don't know about that. I do know that I didn't get inside because I had run out of change. Yes, you'll have to pay to get in, like with so many things in Prague, so always carry small change with you.