Brnoo is well endowed with fine churches and here is another example, the Church of St. James. I was lucky enough to have view of it from my hotel, as you can see from the photo, for which I apologise, it is not one of my better efforts.
The Church was begun at the end of the 14th century although for various reasons, not least the Hussite Rebellion, it was not finished until the late 16th Century. It was initially the Church with spiritual responsibility for non-Slav immigrants, mostly from Germany and Flanders.
The Church is in the Gothic style and the triple aisle dating to 1511 is the work of Anton Pilgram who was also responsible for the Old Town Hall (see seperate tip). At 92 metres the tower is the seventh building in the Czech Republic and is even taller than the impressive Petrov Cathedral, making it the tallest building in the city.
Well worth a visit.
With the exception of the Spilberk Castle which sits on a tall hill overlooking the City, the most impressive structure is the Cathedral of Ss. Peter and Paul, also known as Petrov Cathedral Hill for the hill of the same name on which it stands. As the title of the tip suggests it really is an impressive sight, which is hardly surprising given that the twin towers are 84 metres high. For those of us that still think in "old money" that is getting on for 300 feet. You certainly won't miss it. The Cathedral is so famous in the country that it features on the
Ecclesiastical history here begins in the 11th century when there was a Romanesque chapel built here. This was subsequently turned into a basilica in the 13th century and the changes didn't stop there. It was converted to a Gothic style around 1500 although it was burned out during the Thirty Years War. It was then refurbished twice in yet another style (Baroque this time) during 651-1652 and 1743-1746 and shortly thereafter becams a Cathedral on the visit of Pope Pius VI in 1777. This tradition endures today as the current Pontiff, Benedict XVI visited in 2009.
Still the work wasn't completed as the signature towers were not actually added until 1904-1905 to the design of Augustus Kirstein.
If you visit Brno you really should wander up here for a visit, you won't be disappointed.
This evangelic church is called by people simply Red church, but the real name is Jan Amos Komensky church. It was built in 1867 and has north-german-gotic style. All from red bricks. It is situated very close to the center. I have only this photo, which is not so good, so i will try to take better one.
In case you are visiting St. James church, have a closer look up to the windows. On one of them you can find this naughty little architectural detail :). Legend has it, that the lordships on the Petrov hill were mad, because finishing the Petr a Pavel church lagged behind finishing St. James church, and people were already making jokes. So, the lordships of Petrov hill, who had a lot of power, forced the stone mason of St. James church to quit his work and to leave the city. The stone mason though asked the lordships to let him finish at least the window he was currently working on, and they agreed. So, when the window had been finished, this little indecent man was above it, mooning towards Petrov hill :)
St. James church is of late gothic period.
The Hussite ( generally known as Evangelical ) protestant chuch is located on the northern perimeter of old town Brno. It is known locally as the red church. Construction on this converted Catholic church commenced during the 14th. century. The exterior architecture of this " reaching towarrds heaven " red brick church is distinctly late Gothic. The long barbed central spire towers high above the bell tower and most of the ancient buildings of central Brno. The interior of the church including the choir and altars, are Baroque.
During my visit to Brno, a musical performance was held in the church to benefit victims of Alzeimer's disease. Two very talented young ladies ( an organist and a vocalist ) performed music of JS Bach. The ancient church provided good acoustics for a great performance.
Formerly Romanic church from the 1st quarter of the 13th century, at the turn of the 14th and 15th cenuries it was deomlished and a new church was built here in a late Gothic style during the 15th and 16th centuries. By the purism adaptations in the 70-ies of the 19th century were some buildings in the perimeter of the church abolished and the western face was rebuilt. It is a hall building with three-aisles and a gallery around the sacrarium and triangular ending. The prismatic tower in the face is 92 meters high and it is a dominant of the old town. In the three-aisles are semicular vaults with segments, in the vestry is a cross vault and in the sacrarium a star vault. At the end of the sacrarium's gallery was placed a mausoleum of Louis Raduite de Souches from the last quarter of the 17th century with a sculpture.
The right name of this church is actually Komensky cathedral of the Czech brothers church, but nobody in Brno calls it different from Red church. It is one of the most known monuments in Brno, it can be found near the street Ceska, next to an important transfer node, next to the School of Medicine and to the constitutional court. There are regularly held choristers. The church is open only during the service. It was built from red fair-face bricks in so-called North-German Gothic in accordance with the plans of Heinrich von Ferstel. The corner-stone was placed on 7 September 1863 and the church was finished by the year 1867. A year before were casted and prepared three bells. The church is 45 meters long and its tower is 50 meters high. The interior is austere and simple, it is illuminated by the sunrays comming through coloured window glasses. One of the few decorations are carvings made by Franz Schonthaler.
A distinct dominant of the town at a rocky bill over present Husova street, it is standing probably on the place of primeval Brno's castle. Former Romanic sanctuary from the 70-ies of the 12th century was demoslished by the end of the 13th century and replaced by a new late-Gothic cathedral around 1400 - ardential three-aisles with long polygonal presbytery and three towers, extended by the end of the 15th and in the 16th centuries. It was repaired in Baroque after the year 1643 and rebuild in top-Baroque in the years 1743-46 in accordance with the project of M.Grimm. It was reconstructed at the turn of 19th and 20th centuries in pseudo-Gothic style by A.Prokop and A.Kirstein. In that time were erected both the frontal towers, oratories over the vestry and chapel, etc. The main walling of the cathedral, the vestry, vaults on the ground floor of the towers and so-called Kapistran pulpit preserved from the Gothic phase. The body has a Baroque semicular vault, Baroque and Gothic Revival is also the most of the inner decoration. Exceptional are the sculptures of O.Schweigel and stony Gothic Madonna from the 14th century. Next to the cathedral is standing also the pontifical residence, Baroque with a medieval core form M. and F.A.Grimm's, formerly provostry, from the year 1777 the seat of a bishop. You will find here also an early Baroque house of the Rajhrad cloister, a Baroque pontifical consistory and an early Baroque canon house from the 1st half of the 17th century.
The cathedral of St. Peter & Paul is the largest and oldest intact chuirch in Brno. Construction on the original Romanesque church was started about 900 years ago. It was built on top of Petrin Hill, which is the highest elevation of Brno exclusive of castle hill. The enormous church with its high spires is probably the first thing you will notice as you walk out ot the train station. The spires are visible from througout old town. Photo #2 is a front view of the cathedral showing the extremely high bell twin bell towers and spires. The arcaded courtyard shown in the foreground is of the adjoining convent.
Flambouyant and highly ornate Gothic is the dominant architectural style of the exterior, although Renaissance elements are also evident. The main entranceway has some of the most fascinating Gothic designs I have ever seen. The interior of the church is mostly early Baroque, and for the most part is less impressive than the interior. The interior is open to the public most of the time. You can climb to the top of the bell tower for a small fee. Views of Brno are good from the tower, but other excellent panoramic views of the city are available from Brno Castle.
When-ever possible have a look inside the churches, that you will see while walking through Brno / Brünn.
The one on my picture is in Minoritska-street , just opposite of the great art-nouveau-building with the 2 big faces smiling down on the pedestrians.
The church looks less impressive from otside, but inside it is really beautifully decorated in Baroque style.
You may enter it and look through the glass-door only !
Outside of the catherdral St.Peter and Paul you may see this tomb of a bishop !
When you click on my picture, you will see a strange sculpture of a bishops-mitra and a few fingers only, and you get the impression, the bishop tries to climb out of the tomb again.
It looks really funny and is another great example of the very czech kind of humor...
In the centre of Brno / Brünn you may as well find plenty of great buildings, not to be found in any guidebook like the one on my pcture, that I found in Minoritska.
Simply take a walk and take your time looking at the great facades of the houses built at the end of the 19th century.
Many of these buildings were the town-palais of rich merchants and factory-owners, who wanted to show their financial success that way.
Around the main entrance-gate of the St.Peter & Paul cathedral you may see the finest gothic works of art of the whole cathedral , in my opinion.
Just click on my picture in order to see the great sculpture, coats of arms and decorations.
And there is a lot more to see, just take your time, before you enter the cathedral.
Photograpgy is forbidden inside the cathedral, BUT who cares about that, when the main great works of art are to be seen outside anyway...
The cathedral of St.Peter and Paul my be seen already from a big distance, as it was built on top of Petrin-hill.
The church dates back to the 12th century and was renovated several times.
Today it looks gothic outside and has mainly a baroque interior.
Unfortunately photography is forbidden INside the cathedral and also inside the Crypta.
But in my personal opinion this church somehow looks best from outside anyway, especially around the entrance-gate - see my next picture !!
Again it's the typical church/ cathedral tip. This can be a must see for those who have yet to see hundreds already. I think after Brno I gave up seeing Cathedrals for a week or two!!! Pretty impressive anyway.