One of the buildings on Cathedral Hill, is the Baroque palace of Chapter's Consistory, built by the same Italian architect who built many buildings in Litomerice. This one, was built between the years 1735-1738, originally to be used as a seminary, but later as a Chapter's Consistory.
The Palace's facade is richly decorated with lots of stucco elements and has beautiful Baroque entrance portal with coat of arms of Litomerice bishop, "Moritz Adolf Karl" - Duke of Sachsen-Zeitz (bishop in 1733-1759).
Dome Hill I could easily see! It looked interesting as I could see a church [St. Stephen's Cathedral] and a Tower. Keeping these in my sights, I made my way up the hill and through an archway to where these to buildings were located. This area, is the oldest place in Litomerice, where the first Slavonic settlements appeared in the 8th century. The Slavs built an early medieval castle and made a fortified settlement, one of the most important in Bohemia.
In this confined area, along with the Cathedral and tower were some more old and interesting religious buildings.
As you can see by my photo, I didn't get much of a view of the Bishops Palace. I couldn't do any better either, AS IT'S CLOSED TO THE PUBLIC.
The baroque Palace was built on the site of the original chapter house, between the years 1683-1701. It is visible from afar, because of its location on Dome Hill overlooking the Elbe river. It is a historical landmark of the town Litomerice.
It is a pity it isn't open, as I read there is a large library and a throne-room with a beautiful painted ceiling. Litomerice has been the seat of the bishopric since 1655, and at the moment is home for the !8th Bishop.
The best view is looking from the River upwards.
Another very old building is St. Stephen's Cathedral, built in 1057 as an Episcopal Cathedral. Once again, the style has been changed over the years, starting off in Romanesque style, then converted to Gothic style, then demolished - work that one out!
So, between 1664-68 it was built again, this time as a Baroque cathedral, the one still standing today! I could go inside and see the interior which was sumptuously decorated in black and gold.
Above the entrance door is a niche with the statue of St. Stephen from the year 1700, and the sign of Bishop Schleinitze. On the sides of the portal, stand the statues of St.Felix and St.Victoria
The cathedral tower was erected in the 19th century, following a design by a Viennese architect.
To me, many of the Towers in Litomerice looked quite similar.
First I had better tell you the Gate no longer exists so you won't go looking for it.
It was once located at the end of Dlouha street, hence the name "Dlouha Gate." Built in the form of a Tower in 1405, the Gate completed the city fortification system after it was extended during the reign of King Charles IV, during the 14th century. In 1863, the Gate was demolished, leaving behind only two coats of arms - the Reich and the town coats of arms dating back before 1409. Both can be found under the Old Town Hall Arcade.
Dlouha street itself, is tree lined and has some interesting buildings to see. It's a long street that leads past All Saints Church, stop there and have a look before continuing on your way.
This very large and imposing building I didn't know what it was when here. Since then, I have found out it was built in 1908 in pseudo Renaissance style and used up till 1949, as a regional courthouse, along with municipal court, notary, and state security service. Today there is the regional court and other state institutions.
What it didn't look to have, but does, is a large prison in the vicinity of the courthouse. Important people have served time here. In the 1930s, Adolf Hitler's astrologist,"Hanussen" was here for fraud and in 1945-46, the commander of the Terezín Small Fort," H. Jöckel" was also jailed here until his execution in the courtyard.
All Saints Church was first mentioned in 1235. As the Church is very old, it is a historically valuable architectural monument of Litomerice. The centre of the building is Romanesque and originates from 12th century, how-ever, through much re-buillding the Church changed to Gothic style in 1480, then between 1718 - 1719, to Baroque style, done by architect G. Broggioi and his son Octavio. These famous people who built a lot of buildings in Litomerice, are actually buried in this Church
The magnificent 54metre high, 4 storey Belfry, was begun in 1501, and wasn't finished until the end of the 16th century. The belfry's clocks are from 1554 and the gallery with turrets are from 1584. In a room on the ground floor, also accessible from the church, the townspeople would hide their valuables in a chest, this is now part of the exhibition at the Northern Bohemia Gallery of Creative Arts . This Church is different looking because of a "tent"-shape Gothic roof, constructed in year 1570.
It is lovely inside, although I had to be quick as it was being prepared for a wedding.
When we first arrived at Litomerice, it was the fortifications that grabbed our attention. I have since found out they were not the original from 1257, these have long gone! These are newer that make up the border.
Built in Gothic style, there is an inner wall, topped with toothed battlements and square turrets, this is from the second half of the 14th century. The outer parkland wall, built in around 1513, has horseshoe-shaped ramparts. The walls are very well preserved. I climbed many steps and was rewarded with some excellent views of this fortification. The ramparts opposite the bus station in Dlouhá Street were in the 1800's, used as a prison chapel. Now it is home to a restaurant.
The Church of the Annunciation of Our Lady was another I could see in the distance. I decided to make my way to it, only to find it was being restored and was closed - It is normally closed, so outside views are what you get.
This Church was also built in Baroque style by Octavio Broggio between 1701-31. After the dissolution of the Jesuit order in 1773, the church served as a storage area for the city brewery in the years 1793-1810, then as a clerical seminary. In 1818, a hallway joined the church with the former Jesuit seminary on the other side.
As it is only open for concerts, you will have to come to one to see the frescoes and the main altar of artificial marble.
The small chapel of St.John the Baptist has a rather plain exterior. This Church dates from 1676, and inside contains a Renaissance tombstone from the year 1573, original sculptures from the plague column and baroque statues from the original bridge over the River Elbe.
Above the entrance portal is the coat of arms of the Count of Sternberk, the 2nd bishop of Litomerice.
Perhaps the best time to see the inside is when the regular Church service is being held
This very large square, one of the biggest in the Czech Repbulic, has been here since the 13th century. Evidently, size meant importance in the olden days when it was used as a market place. It still is used as a market place, we arrived as the last of the stalls were packing up!
It is an attractive square, so I could understand why it's considered one of the most attractive concerning medieval art in Czech Republic
As well as the market, important events of political importance and social life were held in the square.
The Square is where there is heaps of car parking spaces - No need to look anywhere else.
We parked our car in the square along with many others.
It was a park and pay system, so we went to the ticket machine and paid the amount for the time we wanted to stay there, then put the ticket in the window so the parking Inspector could see it.
There were plenty of parks even though it was fairly busy.
Peace Square , [Mirove Namesti] I have already written about. What I don't understand, is why information is only on two of the buildings in the square? I found many more just as interesting as those two!
I walked the whole square which is surrounded by beautiful coloured Gothic & Renaissance houses and buildings dating back to the 14th and 15th century. The facades are interesting and different, most do have an arched arcade to walk through. I found interesting doors, many buildings with stucco work, some with faces staring down at me, another building had a Horse on its façade, whilst another a Deer - I imagine this would be something to do with what went on in these buildings years ago.
Litomerice has taken pride in this square. Most of the buildings have been painted and are well maintained. It was quite busy, but not with Tourists, I didn't see another one.
Do go for a walk and enjoy the architecture in this square.
The House of "U Kalicha" is another interesting building in Peace Square. This house was also built by the same Italian that built "The house of the black Eagle."
The house is known as "Pod bání" ("Under the Cupola") after its 16th century observation tower in the shape of a goblet. This was added to the house by the owner to make his house more visible! He had the viewpoint built, and even though it didn't look very spacious from the ground, I read that it is.
The councilors used to meet here and it is said that they never left the tower until they had reached a conclusive decision. Perhaps they met here because they could do what they want, undisturbed!
Today, I found it to be the home of the town council and the Tourist information centre.
The House of the Black Eagle was built by an Italian builder in 1564, in Renaissance style with sgraffiti on its façade showing folk stories and biblical scenes . In 1650 it became the seat of the Oulík knights. The Emperor, Ferdinand III stayed there for a short time in 1650. At the same time, he granted special privileges to this house.
Looking at the entrance way, I could see a plaque inscribed with the words SALVA GUARDA, [Honor Guard], meaning the house was under the special protection of the ruler and could not be looted.
Interesting to me, was the Renaissance sgrafitti was really clear! The sgraffiti wasn't discovered until 1957-58.
Today, the house is the Hotel Salva Guarda which has a Restaurant and exhibition hall
This isn't the original Church from 1363, that gothic building was destroyed during the Thirty Years War. This attractive "new' Church, was built between 1714-17 in appreciation for the retreat of the plague. An Orthodox Church since 1945, I could see the statue of St. Wenceslas, Czech prince and patron saint of the Czech Republic, of whom the Church is named after. Above the statue is the town crest made out of stucco.