Copenhagen's Kastellet is a fine example of a Star Fort, a kind of fortification that was developed to withstand the era of gunpowder. It consists of a flat structure, built from a series of triangular bastions, all of which provide cover for the others. It is a marvelous piece of engineering, and looks incredible from the air, where its geometric star shape and overlapping fortifications are clearly visible.
Since it the Danes started building the Kastellet, back in 1626, it has been through a fair number of scrapes, including a Swedish siege and a British Naval Battle. Its last significant military involvement was when the Germans captured it in World War 2. Today it is a peacetime monument, and can be visited by the general public. It still, however, owned by the Danish military, as can be seen from the barracks and cars with armed forces number plates.
Kastellet is an old fortification, located at Langelinie in Copenhagen. The construction of Kastellet was started in 1626 by King Christian IV as a part of the defence wall of Copenhagen and was finished in 1663 by his son, King Frederik III. The fortification is constructed in the form of a pentagram with five bastions.
The fortification was renovated 1989-1999 and is still used (and owned) by the Danish Defence. But besides functioning as a military area, Kastellet is also a cultural-historical monument, a museum, and a park. A peaceful place to go for a walk on a lovely day, and very popular among locals and tourists. It is an old Copenhagen tradition to take a walk on the ramparts the evening before “St. Bededag” (in 2014 it is May 16th).
Kastellet has its own church, as well as a windmill. The windmill is the third one on that spot, and was built in 1847, after the previous one was blown down. The mill is still fully functional, and is tested every year on October 28th. In 2011, the National Monument of Remembrance was unveiled to honor the Danish soldiers who lost their lives in international peace keeping missions abroad.
The Citadel was completed around 1664 and named Frederikshavn Citadel. This fortress is free to wander around at your own leisure, which I did amongst many other Copenhager's.
The fortress is Europe's oldest military bastion still in operation, being used by the Danish Defence Intelligence..
Imagine this renaissance fortification which was established by King Christian IV in 1626 defending Copenhagen! The many buildings are still here, including a Church that was built in 1704 and had a prison complex out the back. Between the walls of the prison and church, there were holes to the prisoner’s cells so the inmates could follow the church services. On the rampart is the original windmill from 1847 that replaced the first mill from 1718. The Citadel had its own bakery and the mill supplied the flour and dough for bread baking until 1908.
Of course, the 94 cannons produced in Denmark from the period 1766-1769, played a big part in defending the Citadel.
Busses: 15 - 26 - 1A - 20E - 865
Trains - Østerport Station
The Kastellet [Citadel] is one of the best preserved fortifications in Northern Europe.
To enter the Citadel is free, and I entered through one of the two gates. One is known as King's Gate, and the other is Norway Gate, both date from 1663 and are part of the original citadel. They are built in the Dutch Baroque style, and are on their interior side flanked by guardhouses.
The King's Gate is the more decorated of the two. It has garlands and pilasters, and a bust of King Frederik III, a clock and two bells on the interior facade of the gate. In front of the gate stand two structures from where it was possible to keep assaulting troops under fire.
The Norway Gate used to face open countryside outside the city, and is built in simple style.
Kastellet is one of North Europe’s finest and best preserved fortifications. The inner five pointed fortress belongs to the Danish defence and today the fortification is used as a modern military establishment. There is a clear sign that informs visitors:
Kastellet is a military area with limited public access, it’s open to public 6.00-22.00 when the pedestrians are allowed in the Main street and the street along Church square and also at the rampart paths or the six ramps leading to rampart paths. Bicycles aren’t allowed along the ramparts
Kastellet was started to built in 1626 by King Christian IV but finished in 1663 by his son King Frederik III. It was part of the defence wall of Copenhagen with a pentagram shape. It was recently renovated (1989-1999) and although we didn’t visit the small museum that is located there we enjoyed walking through the park taking pictures and eating an ice cream from the near by kiosk :)
Is a star shaped fortress originally commissioned by 'Frederik III'in 1662.Today it is one of the most historically evocative sites in the city.It has grassy ramparts and moat surround with some beautiful 18th century barracks a chapel(sometimes used for concerts)and a large windmill behind the barracks with excellent views to the Little Mermaid and Mamorkirken.
Kastellet's construction was started as far back as 1626,after the Swedish seige on Copenhagen(1658-1660)the Dutch enginneer'Henrik Ruse'was called in to help re-build and extend the contruction.the fortress was used in part of the defence against the British in the Battle of Copenhagen in 1807.During World War 2,the German invasion of Denmark in 1940 saw many German Troops landing at the nearby harbour captured the fortress with very little resistance,thereby forces the Danish Goverment to surrender.
Kastellet today is a peaceful,protectedarea,serving as a public park,a cultural historical monument and as an active military area.The Fortress is free to walk round.
Kastellet is Copenhagen's original Citadel. It is set within the Churchillparken and is still a working barracks which is open to the general public.
Kastellet is constructed in the form of a pentagram and has its own church and a windmill!
If you have taken the train to Østerport to visit Den Lille Havfrue (The Little Mermaid), why not take you return journey through Kastellet and Churchillparken - it is an oasis of quiet!
Near to the Little mermaid statue, and by the side of the Castellet area stands the Gefion fountain.
I don't normally write up fountains, but this one has an impressive story behind it. It was originally to be sited in the main city square, but I think they made a good choice to place it in this northern part of town.
It recalls the story of the mythical Queen who was given the rights by the King of Sweden to keep all the land that she could plough in a day. Undaunted by this task she promptly gave birth to four sons. Rather than sitting around during her maternity leave, she turned them into oxen and set about Sweden. The ploughed land was then thrown out of Sweden and into the sea to form Zealand - the island on which Copenhagen stands. The hole that was left (and it is a similar size and shape) now forms the largest lake in Sweden.
Lovely little creation myth - and nice to have a fountain than deviates away from the usual cherub and lion rubbish you get most places in Europe.
Construction of Kastellet was started by King Christian IV of Denmark in 1626. Originally it was planned to be a fortress with a castle, but due to financial constraints the castle was never built. Later, King Frederick III of Denmark, with the help of Dutch engineer Henrik Rüse , finished construction of the fort.
In 2004 it celebrated it's 340th anniversary.
Today it is owned, and used, by the Danish Defense.
Altough it is owned by the military, today it is a nice peaceful park that also acts as a cultural/historical monument and has a museum on the premises.
The Kastellet here in Copenhagen makes for an interesting little detour, escaping the traffic and taking in a bit of history. The fortress was originally built in the mid 1600's as a self-sustaining fortress for the defence of Copenhagen and has been substantially restored in recent times to pretty much its original design and is still a "working fortress". Walking the pentagonal battlements overlooking the moat, with the joggers and dogwalkers for company, made for a pleasant stroll in the spring sunshine, clearing the previous evenings' fogginess of the brain and setting up for the day (and evening and morning ) to come :)
Within the walls are the barracks of the local "Home Guard" with its own chapel, working windmill and even a cow byre - the fortress having been designed to be able to withstand a lengthy siege - I do believe we Brits actually occupied it for a short while in 1807, just to prove that we could Ha! ;)
PS It's also free!
King Frederik III constructed the Kastellet in the 1660s to defend Copenhagen from attack. The defenses are made of huge earthen walls surrounded by a wide moat. The Castle walls are star-shaped allowing interlocking fields of fire and mutual supporting defenses in the case of an attack. In the 1800s the Kastellet was no longer used by the Danes, but during World War II, it became Nazi Germany's headquarters in the city.
The Kastellet was designed to be self-sufficient and survive for long periods under siege. The windmill is part of that design, pumping water for the occupants. The current windmill was built in 1847, replacing two previous versions. It is still fully operational.
Though the Danish Military once again uses the Kastellet, visitors are free to wander the grounds of this fascinating and tranquil park-like setting. Admission is free and the hours are 6 am to sunset.
pictured is the main gate to the kasellet, a medieval fortress built in 1626 to protect copenhagen from swedish attack. king frederik III expanded the fortifications in 1663. during WWII after the invasion of denmark by the germans it was used as the german military headquarters in denmark. there is a small museum next to the gate.
Not only the old buildings are there. The soldiers are still guarding this monument. So it looks very much alive. The red brick buildings and the green area that surround the place make up a very nice picture.
After being less than impressed with the Little Mermaid we wandered through nearby Kastellet. This was a lovely old military area with nice buildings and streets. I'm not sure if the military still use this area though there were signs saying we shouldn't explore beyond the main streets.
An enjoyable and pleasant walk, it is rather cold during the winter months but during the summer it will be much more pleasant.
Enjoy the quiteness and the views of the water - see the Kastelskirken and the Windmill both within the confines of the Citadel.