Tall Hermann, Tallinn
From the lower town and from the top of Oleviste Church and the gardens around Toompea, visitors to Tallinn will surely spot an impressively tall, stone tower rising above the Upper Old Town. This tower, tallest of the three remaining Castle towers, is known as 'Tall Hermann' and was built in the 14th century at the southwestern corner of Toompea Castle. The unusual name of the tower is derived from the german phrase, 'Lange Hermann', which means 'tall soldier'. This phrase, in tun, comes from a legendary, medieval, hero - Hermann. Flying proudly from the top of the tower is the National Flag of Estonia.
„Pikk Hermann” (Tall Hermann) is one of the 29 surviving towers of medieval Tallinn. It is part of what once was a Danish stronghold. Now, this castle (Toompea castle) is the domicile of the estonian parliament. Pikk Hermann is said to be from 1371, although stone watchtowers on Toompea castle may have existed since 1229. In 1500, it was rebuilt creating its present height.
Pikk Hermann is considered as a well-known symbol of the estonian nation, especially during independence demonstrations in 1989, when the soviet flag was taken down and replaced by the estonian. Since then, the estonian flag is raised every day at sunrise and taken down at sunset. This has enforced an old saying: Whosever flag flies on Pikk Hermann is the ruler of Estonia.
Situated next to Toompea Castle, home to Estonia’s parliament, is the 150-foot tall Pikk Hermann (Tall Hermann) Tower.
The tower - part of the cities defences - was originally built in 1371 and reconstructed in 1500. Legend says that whosever flag flies from Pikk Hermann rules Estonia and in 1989, the Estonian independence movement was given a boost when the Soviet flag was removed and the Estonian National flag flown in it's place, where is has remained since.
The tower lies at the corner of a small, pleasant park area - covered in snow during our visit
Toompea Castle is one of Estonia’s oldest and grandest architectural groupings. Built in the 13th to the 14th centuries, the castle is situated on the steep limestone coast, 50 meters above sea level. It is one of the most potent symbols of reigning power, conquered over the centuries by various nations. Today, the Estonian Parliament is housed here.
Tall Hermann was built in the southwestern corner of Toompea Fortress at the end of the 14th century. The name of the tower comes from the German phrase "Lange Hermann" meaning "tall soldier" or "chief" and comes from the tales of the adored medieval hero Hermann. This sort of name was usually given to the most powerful towers in a fortress.
The Estonian flag waves at the top of the 48-meter-high tower.
Tours in Toompea Castle: Mon-Fri 10.00–16.00
Built in the southwestern corner of Toompea Fortress Tall Hermann has over 600 years behind it. The Estonian flag waves at the top of this tower.