the estonian parliament building is located on toompea hill across the street from aleksander nevsky cathedral. built in 1921 this interesting baroque building is home to estonia's government. not open to the public.
Toompea castle is one of Estonia’s eldest and greatest architecture groupings. Built in the 13th century the castle is situated on the steep limestone coast, 50 metres above sea level. It is one of the most potent symbols of reigning power. Today the Estonian Parliament is housed here.
The Estonian Parliament, Riigikogu is situated opposite to the Alexander Nievskij cathedral and is a must for those of you who are interested in contemporary history and politics.
This was the place where the Estonian independence from the Soviet Union was declared and the parliament was guarded by thousands of Estonians to prevent it from being invaded.
I have myself never been inside, but instead just watched its exterior but I plan to go there next time!
Right behind the Parliament (if you go to the park to the left of it) you will find the tower Tall Hermann.
The castle complex consists of several parts: remains of the old castle, gevernmental building and the building of Parliament. The only preserved part of the old castle is the west wall and the Tall Herman tower, which in Middle Ages belonged to the Order of the Brothers of the Sword. Today in the old castle courtyard we can see an impressive building of Estonian Parliament, built at the beginnings of the 1920's. It is also a symbolic place. From here in 1989 started a long chain of people protesting against soviet occupation of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
On February 24, 1918, Estonia became an independent state. the seat of the Estonian Parliament became Toompea but in the castle there was no room spacious enough to accommodate the representation of the people. In the course of the February Revolution the convent building had been burnt down, and its ruins seemed suitable for a foundation of a new building.
The building of the Riigikogu was designed by architects Eugen Haberman and Herbert Johanson, and it was inaugurated on September 12, 1922. The two-storeyed and four-winged building surrounds a trapezoid inner court, strictly following the ground plan of the former convent building.
This is a picture of the Estonia Parliament. The building has the Estonia Flag flying high and the Estonia emblem on the center.