Heading south from the fortress, towards the lake, you will come to an excavation area. This is where the church of Sv. Pantelejmon once stood. It was built in a trefoil form, probably during the 5th century, on top of an earlier building. Mosaics have been preserved in the central part and in the baptistery. They are now sheltered by a roof.
You can wander around freely, no entrance fees.
Dating back to the X Ad this platou overlooking old town Ohrid has been place of worship and learning.
With the return of Naum and Klement (two of the Cyril and Metodius 7 disciples the writing school prospered and developed.
after the death of Cyril in Rome Naum and Klemet arrived back to Ohrid, to spend their time with their ppl. Once they settled back to the town, they set simplifying the Glagolic alphabet from 43 letters to 31 and with that the modern Cyrillic alphabet was born,and it got the name in honor of their teacher Cyril. The word of God was delivered to all Slavic tribes from the shore of lake Ohrid to the frozen tundras of Russia.
The church sitting on the today's platou is rebuild in 2005, on the foundation of the original church erected there. You can see the foundation stones and the remains of the catacombs and vestibule. The whole platou is even older, dating from early Macedonian, Roman and Greek settlement. Today you can see the traces of these cultures on Ohrid.
Notable is the early Christian basilica with the baptistery, which is on the rights side of the church.
The site of Plaosnik is next to the new St Clement´s Monastery Church (2002).
Close to the new church are the ruins of the monastery school that St Clement built on the ruins of the early 5th-century basilica at Plaosnik.
The whole area is nowadays a rapidly expanding excavation site.
There are some really nice mosaics to be seen, as well as two baptisteries.
Plaosnik is part of a tour described on my Ohrid page, see link below.
Opening times (2012) from 08.00-23.00, entrance is free.
Plaošnik is the name for the grounds surrounding St. Clement's Church, high on the hill above the town of Ohrid. You can enter the grounds for free and stroll around the ruins of a fifth-centry basilica, as well as enter the reconstructed church. In 2002 reconstruction- by hand, using original materials- was completed. Look for exterior mosaics and interior glass floors that reveal the original wooden structures below. This is Macedonia's holiest religious site; consider avoiding the crowds on religious holidays.
Go up through the park towards the newly built Sveti Kliment i Pantelejmon, standing next to the remains of Ohrid's oldest church of the same name. The foundations of the 5th-century basilica with their intricate mosaics are on display in front of the new church. The foundations of a 4th-century church close by have been covered with a roof on pylons to show the original roofline.
There are more mosaics here, usually covered with sand outside the summer months to help preserve them. One of the mosaics shows a swastika symbol - an old Indo-Aryan sun symbol long before the Nazis appropriated it.
In the 10th century St Kliment founded what is believed to be first Slavic monastery and university on the hill just below Tsar Samuil's fortress. The monastery was dedicated to the 3rd century Saint Pantelijmon but became ruined during the Ottoman period.
Reconstruction of the monastery began in 2000 (substantially completed in 2002) and during the reconstruction remains of a much earlier Christian site were uncovered dating back to the 4th to 6th centuries AD.
Further excavations have since revealed that the whole hilltop, known as Plaoshnik, was once a major religeous complex with several identified churches, baptismals and basilicae. The site is so vast that excavations, archaeological investigations and eventual further reconstructions will take many years to conclude and much of what has so far been uncovered has yet to be conclusively identified.
Local guides are available offering tours but I don't think there is, as yet, any definitive archaeolical work on which to base a full explanation of everything the site contains.
The archeological site Plaosnik has two baptisteries.
Baptisteries were usually seperated from the main building of the church and used for baptism.
Located at Plaosnik, southwards from Samuel Fortress.
This monastery is the oldest Slavic monument of culture. It had a major role in the education of the Macedonian people during the period of Byzantine Empire's influence.
9th - 15th centuries.
The monastery stands on a hill which is now known as Plaosnik overlooking lake Ohrid. St. Clement built his monastery on a restored church and a Roman basilica of five parts (the remains of the basilicas can still be seen outside the monastery). Sources say that St. Clement was not satisfied with the size of the church and therefore built a new one over it and assigned St Panteleimon as its patron saint. Clement personally built a crypt inside the monastery in which he was buried after his death in 916, his tomb still exists today. From15th to 17th century the monastery was ruined and turned into mosque few times. Apart from the monastery's many reconstructions during the Ottoman empire, it has recently undergone extensive reconstruction and excavation. Reconstruction started on 2000 and the physical church was fully reconstructed by 2002. Most of St. Clement's relics were returned to the church. A partially ruined bell tower was restored on the right side of the monastery and the floors of the interior of the church have been reconstructed with marble. Reconstruction was carried out by hand using materials used to build the original church in order to preserve the original spirituality of the monastery.
St. Clement built the monastery in 893 A.D. and dedicated it to St. Pantelejmon, the protector of health. During the Ottoman Empire the church was destroyed and Sultan Mohamed’s Mosque built on the remains of the church, which eventually did not survive on Macedonian soil. In 2000, the construction of today’s church began and was finished and consecrated on August 11, 2002.
During the construction, the tomb of St. Clement was also restored, which is the tomb that St. Clement designated for himself and where he was buried in 916 A.D. In the centre of one of the friezes there is an image of a lion, which is unique to mosaics in Macedonia.
This church is constructed around 1280 .
It's fresco-decorations are worth of seeing .
The location is on a clif hill above the lake.
Down , by the lake , there is a popular beach so called Kaneo , visited mostly by Ohrid
They use to call this beach OH OHO :))
St. Clement monastery lies near the remains of an old Christian basilica and is dedicated to Clement one of two famous disciples of Cyril and Methodius whose mission was to spread the christianity and literacy among the Slavs.
Long after the death of Clement in 916 and Naum in 910, the Ohrid literary school continued to be a source of manuscripts invaluable for Slavonic studies and the history of art.Clement was believed to have had healing powers and every year , on the day of his death, on August 8th, many people visit his grave at this church.
The city flourished during late antiquity. Several Christian basilicas were built, of which the central one, the cathedral, was probably the polyconchal basilica at Imaret (Plaoshnik), built during the second half of the 5th century. The four-leaf clover-shaped basilica at Plaoshnik was a richly decorated early Christian temple, as can be seen from the preserved floor mosaics with images of the flora and fauna of the Ohrid area. Depictions of rabbits, deer, peacocks, ducks, and fishes are intertwined with different geometrical motifs. The most impressive in this basilica is the baptistery with marvelous mosaics with anthropomorphic depictions of the four rivers of paradise: Gion, Fison, Tiger and Euphrates. Beautifully incorporated are the themes of the Four Rivers of Paradise and the Fountain of Life, depicted in the baptistery and the other rooms of the churches, which was connected to the act of Baptism. The four rivers of paradise: Gion, Fison, Tiger and Euphrates are portrayed like human heads out of whose mouths springs water. Similar depictions can only be seen in Solin (Croatia) and Sicily (Italy).
Saint Clement (Sveti Kliment) was the first Macedonian Bishop and the Founder of Macedonian Orthodox faith and knowledge. Monastery of Saint Panteleimon served also as the university where Saint Clement with the help of his spiritual brother Saint Naum, teached pupils to be well educated Christians. More than 3,500 teachers, clergy, writers, and other literary figures emerged from this Ohrid Literary School where the Slavonic alphabet was used and the Old Macedonian Slavonic language was introduced in religious services. Saint Kliment build this monastery in the period from 893 until his death in 916.Saint Clement`s monastery on Plaoshnik and his tomb served as holy place for Macedonians until the close of 14-th century when teritory of todays Republic of Macedonia fell under Ottoman rule. In 2002 monastery was rebuilded Now it looks the same as the old one, because it was build on the remaining foundations of the old one.