There was a Jewish synagogue at Stobi was built by a man named Polycharmos and dedicated in.
Please see the website below for more about the site as well as the following link for the dedication .
Both Heraclea and Stobi are known for their mosaics. And now you need to add the ones recently uncovered at Plaoshnik near Ohrid. There are more recent attempts to record and protect the mosaics, which will help preserve the legacy for future generations.
In Roman times Stobi was the largest city in the northern part of the province of Macedonia. The city was probably built in the Hellenistic period, during the 3rd-2nd century B.B. at the earliest.
After the discovery of several inscriptions, at the beginning of the 20th century, it was suggested that here were the remains of the ancient city of Stobi. But until WWI there were no indications of the existence of monumental buildings. The military trenches prompted the first excavations on the site by the German and Bulgarian armies, but systematic archaeological began only in 1924.
Today it is possible to se the remains of many buildings, such as the theatre, the casino, the prison and more. There is also a museum on the site. Here you can see a collection of finds from several phases of the life of the city, from the Hellenistic through the Early Roman period to the Late Antique.
You can easily spend several hours at the site if you want to study the entire site. On the site there is also a shop where you can buy a guidebook or souvenirs and a café if you need something to drink.
It is possible to get a guided tour by one of the staff members, who will tell you a lot about the place. In our case way too much. After half an hour we had only seen one building so we decided to walk around by ourselves. Otherwise it would literally have taken all day.
As I had a person by my side to interpret I actually don't know whether they could make the tour around the site in English or other languages.
The North Basilica is the first structure on the northern site of the discovered site of buildings in the western part of Stobi, hence the name North Basilica.
The church was discovered in 1937. The erection of the columns of the atrium and the conservation of the niches, were done after the excavations, and again after World War II.
The church lies below the level of the street (Via Principalis Inferior).
The North Basilica was erected over a Late Antique palace and had several construction phases. This Roman palace was renovated by the end of the 4th or beginning of the 5th century (AD) and adjusted for the service as a church of basilica type.
It has a baptistery on the north side was added later. An entrance was opened in the northern nave for communucation with the baptistery. Enriched with this baptistery, the building was used for a while as the Episcopal Basilica of Stobi during the building of the Basilica of Bishop Philip (the later Episcopal Basilica).
After the building of the Episcopal Basilica with its highly decorated baptistery, the funtion of the baptistery in the North Basilica was terminated.
In Stobi you will find the archeological remains of an ancient civilization (3rd century BC). There is an amphitheater, and the remains of many buildings, several of which have lovely tile mosaics. The inspiration for the picure on the 10 denar note comes from one of the mosaics here. Can you find it ?
(note: for freeze protection purposes the mosaics are covered with pebbles in winter - starting in October and ending in ??)
The baptistry was the highlight for me at Stobi -- not only were the mosaics wonderful, but it was under cover on a very hot day!!
The sign in the picture gives some basic information. For my pictures of the baptistry please visit the travelougue.
This picture shows the entrance you use to get to the seats.
Roman Stobi dates from 197 BC, but the site dates even before the Roman rule. Artifacts ranging from the Neolithic to Iron Age, have also been found at or near Stobi.
The Civil Basilica is located directly southern of the North Nasilica, and discovered in 1937.
Between the North Basilca and the Civil Basilica the Little Bath can be found. It has a pool and a double room.
The Central Basilica and Synagogue is located south of the Civil Basilica at the Via Principalis Inferior street.
The Central Basilica is a christian building that was built in the late 4th or early 5th century AD on the remnants of an older Jewish temple (synagogue) that dates back to 4th century.
The floor of the synagogue was discovered 1.5 meters under the level of the Central Basilica. In turn, this synagogue was built on an older synagogue from the 3rd century, created by the father of the Synagogue of Stobi, Tiberius Claudius Polycharmos.
By the end of the 4th century AD this building belonged to Polycharmos, the founder of the synagogues that were located north of the building.
The building is located at the Via Principalis Inferior street.
Later, the Central Basilica was build on the remnants of these synagogues.
Subsequently, the Palace of Polycharmos became the residence of the church authorities.
Some huge vessels/vases were standing at this location as well.
The Magnae Thermae, or Large Bath was discovered in 1931.
It dates from the 5th-6th century AD and had a central floor heating system including several marble baths and walls with niches where a number of marble statues were placed.
The reconstructed bath was in use until the late 6th century.
The House of Peristerias is a complex of family buildings of the Peristerias family (4th-6th century AD). Several names of the family members are inscribed on the mosaic floor.
There were also rooms for shops. The Peristerias family owned the rooms in the southern part of the complex.
The central part of this complex was a yard under open sky, and there is a fountain as well.
The complex and the mosaics (which we did not see) date from the late 4th or the early 5th century.
The House of Peristerias is located at the crossing of the Via Principalis Inferior and the Via Axia.
The Theodosian Palace dates from the 4th-5th century AD.
It is the largest and the richest decorated palace from that period.
The Emperor Theodosius I resided here when he visited Stobi in 388 AD.
The House of Parthenius is located near the southern part of the Palace of Theodosius.
The House of Fuller is a group of connected buildings from the 3rd-4th century AD that have been used for different purposes.
In the 5th century, a part of the object was used for textile dying.
Valavica refers to a water spot where rugs are hand-washed.
Fuller also refers to somebody who is involved in the preparation of cloths.
The Episcopal Residence, or Archbishop's Residence, is situated north of the Episcopal Basilica.
In the 4th century AD, it served as a Christian oratorio.
One century later, in the the 5th century, it was converted into the Episcopal Residence, which was connected to the large Episcopal Basilica.