Turku Cathedral is the mother church of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland, and Finland's national shrine. It is also the seat of the Archbishop of Finland.
When we visited the Cathedral some people sang prayer song for Easter.
It's a complex of two museums: Aboa Vetus is a museum of history and archaelogy and Ars Nova is a museum of contemporary art.
Aboa Vetus illuminates the lifes of ordinary citizens in Turku and in Finland over the centuries.There is for example a multimedia show telling how Turku's city profile has changed over the centuries and who has lived in the houses on the site. The museum is build around an excavated medieval city block, so you can find the cobblestone streets and arched cellars inside the museum.
Ars Nova is located on two floors of the old Retting Palace. There are collections of the works of 20th century Finnish and foreign artists. There are for example Picasso's works. There are periodical exhibitions also introducing the hottest new names in the scene.
For adults the ticket is 8 €. If you have IATA Travel Agents ID Card you will get 50 % of the etrance fee.
Turku cathedral is claimed to be the oldest church in mainland Finland. The church is also the main church of Finnish Lutheran Church and national shrine of the country.
As most of the old cathedrals, it has been built in several stages. The oldest parts date back to 13th century and the latest additions were made 1870. The cathedral was renovated in 1979.
The church is still being used in ceremonies, so you may not be able to stroll freely inside. But if you can, check out the graves, statues and coat of arms of aristocratic families -- usually not found in Finnish churches.
There is also a museum and café in the cathedral.
The 700 years old cathedral of Turku is considered as the most valuable monument of finnish architectural history. It is also the mother church of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland. Its construction began in the 13th century, when Turku started to emerge as the most important trading centre in Finland. The Bishop of the Diocese was then transferred to Turku, and the cathedral still is now the seat of the Archbishop of Finland.The inside has been restorated after the Great Fire of Turku (1827).
Another place I really want to see next time! The two museums in the old Rettig family palace came second in the European Museum of the Year awards 1997. Ars Nova shows you 20th century art, but what really tempts me is the Aboa Vetus, which shows Turku as it looked in medieval days. As the palace was renovated in the early 1990s, medival remains were found underneath, and carefully, a whole block was excavated and can now be seen.
Very important amongst Finnish ecclestiastical buildings, in fact the national cathedral. It was made a cathedral in the 14th century and today, you will wander around amongst years of Finnish history through the art and monuments in the cathedral. The museum inside (small fee) shows you items from medieval, catholic Finland, including silverware and altarpieces and you will find Swedish queen Karin Månsdotter buried here. Outside the cathedral, there is a nice cafe.
The wooden tall ship "Sigyn" found its last port of call at Aurajoki in Turku. Under Swedish flag she sailed over the world's oceans from 1887 to 1939. Today she is a museum ship and part of Forum Marinum, the maritime museum of Turku.
Just a few metres after you have passed the Sigyn you will get to another tall ship, the Suomen Joutsen (Finnish Swan). This one was built in France in 1902. It was used as a navy training ship until the second world war and then again from 1949 until the 80s. In 1991 the Suomen Joutsen was given to Turku and now serves as museum ship as part of the Forum Marinum.
This is the trip through the archipelago which we took - basically because we were too late to go on the other trip. It was a wonderful option though so I don't know if the other one would have been nicer ;)
We took a boat to Vepsä which is a small wild island in the archipelago of Turku. Unfortunately we could only take the last boat there which leaves Turku at 5 so that we had to go straight back because it was also the last boat from Vepsä back to the mainland. So I can't tell you anything about Vepsä other than that it has Mökkis and that it looks like heaven for a weekend away ;)
However, the boat trip was really nice!! It takes approx. 1 hour to Vepsä and obviously 1 hour back. You pass by the museum ships at Aurajoki, then the port and after that all you pass by is Finnish nature at its best - woods, wooden houses, saunas, beaches, rocks etc etc.
We were almost on our own on the boat so that we could enjoy the scenery and the Finnish music on the boat very intensely ;-)
The archipelago is rich in beautiful travel resorts awaiting your discovery but in winter of course this way of adventure is not possible because Aura river is frozen but at the same time some ferry ships are open as restaurants.
The Castle has a museum, which demonstrates the history of the Turku region from prehistory to present day with its frequent exhibitions, events and furnished style rooms.
At the time of my visit of Turku this place was not open for visitors so I can't give additional information.
You have the opportunity to visit not only the Cathedral, but also to visit the museum of the Cathedral.
Nice that both the Cathedral and museum are open to visitors also on weekends. Museum is closed during religious ceremonies.
Most of the present interior dates back to the restoration, carried out in 1830s following the Great Fire. The altarpiece, depicting the Transfiguration of Jesus Christ was painted in 1836 by the Swedish artist Fredrik Westin.
The side chapels were originally altars, dedicated to various saints but gradually, they became funeral vaults. Consequently, nowadays the cathedral has the graves of some of the most eminent names in the Finnish history.
Remarkable are the graves of Carin Mansdatter, the wife of the Swedish king Erik XIV. She spent her last years in Finland.
For more information on the church in English and contact details, please consult http://www.turunseurakunnat.fi/portal/en/turku_cathedral/the_cathedral_speaks/.
Turun Tuomiokirko (Turku's cathedral) is a church of a national significance. It is being considered one of the records of the Finnish architecture. It is still being in use and musical events regularly take place.
The church has been built in the 13th centure on the place of the most important trade center in Finland. It was dedicated to the Virgin Mary and St. Henry - the first Finnish bishop. The cathedral at that time was smaller than the current one and was mainly made of stone. During the centuries, the other parts of the church were addes. The Gothic pillars and the chancel date back to the 15th and the side chapels - to the 17th.
The current shape of Tuomiokirko was built in the beginning of the modern period. The tower was built many times again because of the fires in Turku. Major damages were caused during the Great Fire of Turku in 1827.
In the course of the centuries, Tuomiokirko has suffered many adversities: its once rich collections have been plundered in time of war and damaged by fire. The last major renovation was in 1979, when the church was modernly equipped. Indeed, it was restorated to its mediaval form.
This is a small kind of museum that has been recently opened next to the river, a bit far from downtown and towards the Castle. You can walk by for free and the only thing you can see here is a couple of old ships: a 3-poled viking ship and the Suomen Joutsen, which used to be docked near downtown but is now part of this "maritime" museum. I think you can even go inside the viking ship, but you do have to pay for that.