The most common European emergency number 112 (following Directive 2002/22/EC: Universal Service Directive) and also standard on GSM mobile phones. 112 is used in Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Republic of Macedonia, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine and the United Kingdom in addition to their other emergency numbers.
Here are some useful phone numbers that you might need while in Finland:
Global number 112
Try to connect finnish people. Speak to them, do it on their language. If you know just ten words in finnish, they will love it and they'll be honored.
Respect them, and they'll respect you !
Fondest memory: How could I choose ? I love it as it is.
I'm sure, I'm going to go back.
The Battle of Rovaniemi was an event during the Lapland War. The actual fighting between the Finnish Armoured division and the troops of the German Twentieth Mountain Army took place to the south of the town. The notoriety of the encounter derives from the destruction of the town by the Germans.
The town of Rovaniemi was the capital of Lapland, the northernmost province of Finland. During the Second World War it was an important transport hub since it lay on the road to the Petsamo area and the only free port in the north, Liinahamari.
When the Continuation War between Finland and the Soviet Union started in 1941, the Finnish government allowed German troops from the German 20th Mountain Army in Norway to be stationed in Lapland to help defend the long border. The objective of the Germans was to control the nickel mines in Petsamo and to conquer the Russian port of Murmansk, cutting the Soviet Union off from Allied supply convoys. Rovaniemi was the German HQ in Lapland and also the base of Luftflotte 5 of the Luftwaffe.
Relations between the German garrisons and the local populace in Lapland were in general cordial during the war. However, when the Finns signed a separate peace with the Soviet Union, relations soured. The Germans had some 200,000 troops in Finland and they were still at war with the Russians. The Soviet Union demanded that the Finns remove all German troops from their territory in two weeks, which was a logistical impossibility. However, the Finns did move against the Germans in the Kemi-Tornio region to convince the Russians of their intention to live up to the treaty.
The Germans felt betrayed by the Finns and the German general Lothar Rendulic gave the order that Lapland be destroyed. In many settlements Wehrmacht garrisons were replaced by SS troops who would have less scruples carrying out the order. The mostly wooden town burned for 6 days and nights, with only 13 buildings left standing.
Fondest memory: Back to my childhood....
Below few words in Finnish that you can use while visiting Finland.
How do you do or Hello Hyvää päivää (literally: Good day)
How are you? Mitä kuuluu?
Welcome = Tervetuloa
Nice to meet you = Hauska tavata
Good morning = Hyvää huomenta
Good evening = Hyvää iltaa
Good night = Hyvää yötä
Nice weather today = Kaunis ilma tänään
Excuse me or Sorry = Anteeksi
Goodbye = Näkemiin
Sorry, I don't speak Finnish = Anteeksi, en puhu suomea
Do you speak English? = Puhutteko englantia?
Could I have the menu please? = Saisinko ruokalistan?
Could I have the wine list please? = Saisinko viinilistan?
What is this? = Mitä tämä on?
How much does this cost? = Paljonko tämä maksaa?
Could I have a beer please? = Saisinko yhden oluen?
Some water please? = Saanko vettä?
Can I buy you a drink? = Saanko tarjota sinulle drinkin?
Can I call you tomorrow? = Saanko soittaa sinulle huomenna?
Could I have a cup of coffee please? = Saisinko kupin kahvia?
Can I have the bill please? = Saanko laskun?
Excuse me, do you know where the youth hostel is? = Anteeksi, tiedätkö missä on retkeilymaja?
Excuse me, do you know where the post office is? = Anteeksi, tiedätkö missä on posti?
Excuse me, do you know where the railway station is? = Anteeksi, tiedätkö missä on rautatieasema?
Excuse me, do you know where the harbour is? = Anteeksi, tiedätkö missä on satama?
Excuse me, do you know where I can find a pharmacy? = Anteeksi, tiedätkö missä on apteekki?
Excuse me, do you know where the nearest bank is? = Anteeksi, tiedätkö missä on lähin pankki?
Straight ahead = Suoraan eteenpäin
To the left = Vasemmalle
To the right = Oikealle
Excuse me, do you know where the taxi rank is please? = Anteeksi, tiedätkö missä on taksi-asema?
Excuse me, do you know where the stadium is? = Anteeksi, tiedätkö missä on stadion?
Excuse me, could you tell me the time? = Anteeksi, tiedätkö mitä kello on?
Excuse me, I'm lost = Anteeksi, olen eksynyt
Thank you = Kiitos
Want to have general information about the city, events, shops, restaurants etc...
I suggest to go and check out the official Rovaniemi city web site, you can also download brochures, maps, etc...
This is one of the buildings of the University of Lapland, located here in Rovaniemi. Logically, it is the most north university in the European Union
The University of Lapland
I've seen queries on the weather of Rovaniemi so I've decided to put the links for 'live' pictures of Rovaniemi. Yes, sometimes, you need to take a look at that place to realise how cold it can be!
Click here to look at 'live' pictures of Rovaniemi.
Or here to look at Santa's Village.
For more information on the weather, click here to look at a visual map of Lapland. You'll need a flashplayer for this.
Did you know that these genuine
letters from Santa Claus are
collector’s items? Many people
frame theirs and hang them on
You can buy the letter from well-equiped shops at the Arctic Circle or order it from the Internet-pages of Santa Claus Greeting Center
Santa Claus’ letter costs 6.95 €.
In his letter, Santa Claus tells about his life here at the Arctic Circle. Also he tells something about his elves hobbies and all nice things that happen in Santa Claus Land.
There is also a little surprise besides the letter.
Santa Claus sends out this beautiful Christmas Greeting Letter in a choice of 13 languages and you can order it for a friend, child or adult anywhere in the world.
Far, far away in the north, amid the endless wilderness of Finnish Lapland, is a mysterious mountain called Korvatunturi. Right at the foot, hidden from human eyes and ears, lives Santa Claus with his wife, his elves and his reindeer. He’s in fact been living there so long that he can’t quite remember when he first moved in. He doesn’t actually say much about his home, but he does let on that, as its name - Ear Mountain - suggests, it’s an excellent place for hearing and receiving the hopes and dreams of people of all ages.
Santa is anxious to keep his secrets; they are, after all, an important part of the Christmas story. But a traveller who happened to be passing about a hundred years ago brought news that soon spread of the mountain and its inhabitants. Santa wanted to make sure his hiding place was not invaded with visitors and hit upon a brilliant idea that would allow all his friends and anyone who loved Christmas to come and meet him. About half a century ago he began making regular visits to the Arctic Circle just outside the town of Rovaniemi.
Korvatunturi lies far, far away in the wilds of Lapland, but then if you live down south, the Arctic Circle may seem a long way away. And because Santa doesn’t want anyone to be disappointed, he has promised to be at his Office on the Arctic Circle every single day of the year, ready to receive friends from near and far.
Favorite thing: In my opinion you SHOULDN'T try traditional Finnish Easter pudding (MÄMMI) if you don't want to go to toilet afterwards...Not even if your mum has said that you have to taste everything and the person who's giving it to you smiles friendly and eats it himself. It's awful!! :D Just look at it!! Well...you can also think it as a "once in a lifetime experience"...
Here are some useful links for online info about the Rollo Rock City (Rovaniemi :P).
Rovaniemi homepage in English
Rovaniemi online weather (in Finnish, but it has figures)
Rovaniemi online weather (in English)
Currency converter. Remember: Finland has euros!!
Finlands train system homepage in english
LaplandTourism - excellent page
...more coming up...
I love the Rovaniemi weather! In Finland we have all fours seasons. Here's how they are in Rovaniemi.
Winter in Rovaniemi is cold - usually something between -5 and -25 degrees celsius. We have a lot of snow. The winters are dark and we have the so called "Kaamos", dark period when sun never gets above the horizon. This is because the Earth is tilted on it's axis: northern and southern areas are either really sunny or really dark, depending on the season. In the winter we have beautiful natural lights: the beautiful Aurora Borealis. Winter is from November to the half of April.
Spring is warmer than winter, from -8 to +8 degrees, (warmer in the end of the spring), but there's still enough snow! Springtime starts in the second half of April, and lasts until the first days of June. During the spring snow starts melting and sun starts shining more & more. Snow reflects the sun beautifully and there's light everywhere! Early spring is the best time to do wintersports. When it comes closer to June, snow has melted and the summer starts.
Summer is lovely. In the summer people get active. It's about +18 to +30 degrees warm. Usually it's sunny, but there can be cloudy summers too. In the midsummer Finland is best!!! People are active and happy and there's a big midsummer feast all over Finland (June 21st). Summer lasts from June till mid-August.
Autumn is a colourful season. All trees turn yellow and red, and the ground gets covered in berries and mushrooms. Also the grass-root plants get painted in red and brown. The weather can be from +18 to -8 celsius, depending on what stage of autumn we are. From mid-August to September the autumn is lovely, but October is probably the ugliest month of the year, because it's so dark, the leafs from the trees have dropped and the snow hasn't come yet. But the whole year apart from October is lovely!
The best time to come is either in March-April, or from late June to the mid-July.
Rovaniemi is located in the branch of two rivers, Ounasjoki and Kemijoki (joki = river). The city is surrounded by fjelds, small mountains or big hills. Because Rovaniemi is only 8 kilometers south from the Arctic Circle, it is mostly surrounded by evergreen conifer forests. The city is not very wide, and only 5 kilometers from the town, where I live, the landscape has merged into forests instead of roads.
There are also many small lakes around Rovaniemi, and people have summercottages around them.
Finland is said to be the country of thousand lakes and neverending forests. The truth is, that we have 180 times 1000 lakes!! 180 000!! Can you believe that? I dropped from my chair when I heard that.
There are about 42 000 different species of animals, plants and fungi in Finland. Here are some examples of them.
Large mammals: moose, bear, wolf, lynx, reindeer, deer.
Medium mammals: hare, fox, beaver, pine marten, wolverine.
Small mammals: mouse, shrew, lemming, stoat.
Large birds: swan, pheasant, goose, eagles, hawks, owls.
Medium birds: crow, raven, magpie, goldeneye, duck, woodpecker
Small birds: great git, robin, blue tit, yellow-hammer
Insects: mosquitoes, ladybugs, small butterflies, bumblebees, wasps... about 20 000 different species, but none of them are really hazardous or horribly big.
Amphibians: lizard, frogs, viper (the only poisonous snake).
Fish: salmon, pike, perch, whitefish, bream, baltic herring..
Because Rovaniemi's nature is very similar to the nature in the rest of Finland, this page will be very useful to you if you wanna know more:
And on this page you can see sattelite map of Rovaniemi: (later)
Rovaniemi doesn't have ANY old buildings. I think that's a bad thing, because we don't have any kind of a historical atmosphere in the city. Rovaniemi was bombed TOTALLY by the Germans in year 1945. That's why any of the old building aren't up anymore. Before the bombing Rovaniemi had been a developing little town, and it's main business was timberfloating - there was a lot of wood going by the two rivers to southern Finland. Also tar was taken south through Rovaniemi.
The new city plan was made by the famous Finnish architecht/designer Alvar Aalto. The city plan is made in the shape of a head of reindreer. The main sportsfield is the eye and the roads going away from Rovaniemi are the horns.
Nowadays Rovaniemi has many building project and many buildings are very modern. The coolest architectural buildings are probably the Jätkänkynttilä - bridge and Arktikum, the Arctic Centre Museum. I'll write about these two to my Rovaniemi-page as soon as possible! :)
If you want to learn more about the history of Rovaniemi go to page:
Some people like darkness, some hate it. Enough is enough, I think. I don't very much like it when there is a lack of sun, but there in the far North, you'll learn that 'darkness' is kind of beautiful. Even the sun doesn't come up, you'll notice different kind of lights in the sky. There is lighter darkness and darker darkness. And I'm missing it a lot.
Winter is pose to be darker, colder and snower, ok? If you want to feel a perfect winter, Rovaniemi is a place to travel. You will see how beautiful can nature be at the noon and how much a light one candle can bring.
Sun with its different bluish is also a thing to look at.