Monument Aux Girondins, Bordeaux

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  • Monument Aux Girondins
    Monument Aux Girondins
    by Sambawalk
  • The Triumph of the Republic
    The Triumph of the Republic
    by Nemorino
  • Tram and Girondins monument
    Tram and Girondins monument
    by Nemorino
  • Nemorino's Profile Photo

    Le Triomphe de la Concorde

    by Nemorino Updated Apr 12, 2015

    2.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    On the north side of the column, opposite “The Triumph of the Republic”, is a parallel complex of fountains and statues called Le Triomphe de la Concorde.

    This of course has nothing to do with the ill-fated supersonic Concorde aircraft, (a surviving example of which you can visit in Le Bourget if you like that sort of thing), but rather with the original meaning of the word Concorde, which is peacefulness, brotherhood and harmony.

    In Le Triomphe de la Concorde there is again a woman in the center, but this time she is holding an olive branch. Again there are four spirited horses charging away from her in different directions, snorting water out of their nostrils, and again there are some allegorical figures at her feet.

    Fourth photo: These two men do not symbolize gay rights, which was not on the agenda in 1900, but rather égalité, equality, and fraternité, brotherhood. They are supposed to represent a worker and a bourgeois who are talking with each other. This was no doubt wishful thinking on the part of the bourgeoisie, because the workers in the Gilded Age were under no illusion that they had equal rights, and they were certainly not equal economically. (When I was in Bordeaux I had just started reading the book Le capital au XXIe siècle by Thomas Piketty, which I had bought in Toulouse a few days before, so I was learning all about the unequal distribution of wealth that peaked in the decades before the First World War.)

    Fifth photo: This group of statues is supposed to represent The Family. It shows a father, mother and child in the water, playing with a dolphin.

    Address: Place des Quinconces, 33000 Bordeaux
    Directions: VCub bicycle station Quinconces
    Tram B & C: Quinconces
    Location, aerial view and photo on monumentum.fr
    Website: http://www.33-bordeaux.com/fontaine-girondins.htm

    Next: To the Memory of the Girondins

    The triumph of Concord The triumph of Concord The triumph of Concord The Worker and the Bourgeois The Family
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  • Nemorino's Profile Photo

    Monument to the Girondins

    by Nemorino Updated Apr 12, 2015

    2.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    On the Esplanade des Quinconces, two blocks north of the Grand Theater, stands the magnificent Monument to the Memory of the Girondins The monument consists of a 43-meter column and two basins with numerous fountains and statues. It was made between 1894 and 1902.

    The Girondins were an important political group in the Legislative Assembly and the National Convention during the early years of the French Revolution. Many of the Girondins came from Bordeaux, in the department of Gironde. When the Revolution turned nasty in 1793, most of the prominent Girondins were guillotined by their political rivals.

    Since the inauguration of the Bordeaux tramway system in 2003/2004, the Esplanade des Quinconces has become a busy transportation hub, since two of the city’s three tram lines (B and C) meet here, along with 21 bus lines.

    Second and third photos: The statue at the top of the column shows “Liberty breaking her chains” (la liberté is a feminine noun in French).

    Fourth and fifth photos: On the south side of the column, facing the Grand Theater, is a complex of fountains and statues called “The Triumph of the Republic”. In the center, a crowned woman represents the Republic. She is holding a scepter in her left hand, symbolizing royalty. The sphere in her right hand symbolizes Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. In front of her is a blacksmith, representing Work, a woman representing Justice and a lion representing the forces of order, i.e. the police. Four spirited horses are charging away from her in different directions, snorting water out of their nostrils.

    Address: Place des Quinconces, 33000 Bordeaux
    Directions: VCub bicycle station Quinconces
    Tram B & C: Quinconces
    Location, aerial view and photo on monumentum.fr
    Website: http://www.caruso33.net/bordeaux-monument-girondins.html

    Next: Le Triomphe de la Concorde

    Tram and Girondins monument Girondins monument Liberty breaking her chains The Triumph of the Republic The Triumph of the Republic
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  • Nemorino's Profile Photo

    To the Memory of the Girondins

    by Nemorino Written Apr 12, 2015

    2.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    At the base of the column there are three white marble statues of women, made by the sculptor Achille Dumilâtre (1844-1923). The one in the middle, underneath the plaque reading “To the Memory of the Girondins”, symbolizes the city of Bordeaux. She is sitting on a cornucopia.

    Second and third photos: At a lower level, on the left and right sides of the column, are the statues of two lovely young ladies representing the two rivers that come together near Bordeaux before flowing into the sea, the Garonne (which also flows through the city of Toulouse, some 260 kilometers upstream) and the Dordogne. The two ladies seem to be peaking around the corner of the column and smiling at each other. The Garonne has a swan by her side and the Dordogne has a duck, and they each are pouring water out of a jug.
    My theory is that the sculptor used the same model for both of these statues. What do you think?

    Fourth photo: These three men floundering in the water represent le Mensonge (deceit or lying, the one with the mask), vice (with the ears of a pig) and ignorance (with his hand over his eyes).

    Fifth photo: One of the spirited horses in the fountains. Because of these horses, the monument is sometimes called “the Horses of the Girondins”. During the Second World War, when France was occupied by the German army, the horses and all the other statues were sold as scrap metal for thirty francs per kilo, to be melted down for the German war effort. But after the war they were amazingly found intact in Angers and returned to Bordeaux, where they were finally reinstalled in the fountain in 1982.

    Address: Place des Quinconces, 33000 Bordeaux
    Directions: VCub bicycle station Quinconces
    Tram B & C: Quinconces
    Location, aerial view and photo on monumentum.fr
    Website: http://www.nella-buscot.com/sculpteurs.php?idsculpteur=scu0067&lng=2

    Next: Museum of Aquitaine

    Bordeaux The Garonne River The Dordogne River Deceit, vice and ignorance Horses in the fountain
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  • Sambawalk's Profile Photo

    Monument Aux Girondins

    by Sambawalk Written May 24, 2009

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    At the foot of the Monument to the Girondins are two beautiful fountains. Next to the column there are a couple of statues that honor two of the greatest names of Bordeaux. One is dedicated to the philosopher and former Mayor of Bordeaux Michel de Montaigne. The other one is dedicated to Charles Louis de Montesquieu, one of the architects of the "century of the lights". He was not only an intellectual, but also a winegrower.

    Monument Aux Girondins Monument Aux Girondins

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  • hquittner's Profile Photo

    Stop At the Monument to the Girondins

    by hquittner Written Mar 19, 2009

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    In a semicircle at the West end of the Quinconces sits the replaced Monument aux Girondins created in 1895. It was dismantle during WWII to use for scrap but was recovered intact and restored to this spot in 1982. It consists of a column-fountain complex standing on an elevated platform.In the fountains are horse-drawn chariots and figures symbolizing the Triumphs of Peace and the Republic.

    Girondin Monument View Monument to the Girondins from Afar The Base of the Monument The Horse Fountains Another View
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  • black_mimi99's Profile Photo

    Monument aux Girondins

    by black_mimi99 Written Feb 1, 2008

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    From the 'Place de la Comedie', walking along the 'Cours 30 Juliet' we get to the 'Esplanade des Quinconces'. One of the tallest monuments in Bordeaux, the Monument to the Girondins and the Republic, dominates the east side of this wide promenade.

    This monument was erected at the end of the 19th century to honor the deputies of the revolution.

    mi's

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  • Roadquill's Profile Photo

    Girondins Monument and Fountain

    by Roadquill Written Aug 1, 2011

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    One of the major monuments in Bordeaux is the fountain and monument at Quinconces Square. The centerpiece of the square features life like sculptures set in a large fountain.

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    • Arts and Culture

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  • smschley's Profile Photo

    Monument to the Girondins and the Republic

    by smschley Updated Jul 19, 2004

    3 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    The upper part of the Esplanade des Quinconces, the 50m high columns depicts "liberty breaking free from the chains of oppression

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