Jeanne d'Arc, patron saint of France, was tried and burned at the stake in Rouen. The English and French fought each other in the Hundred Years War until Jeanne d'Arc helped put Charles VII on the throne. He was crowned in Reims.
Then in 1430 the English threatened the French with economic sanctions and so Jeanne d'Arc was handed over for imprisonment by the bishop of Beauvais.
After 3 months of trial on May 24th 1431, she finally gave in to the accusations of heresy, was made to promise never to wear men's clothes again and was sentenced to life imprisonment.
The furious English however, wanted her dead. Her women's clothes were taken away by her guards, she was made to go out for some necessary excercise in men's clothes. So she supposedly broke her promise and was condemned to the stake and burned on May 30th 1431. Her heart, unconsumed by fire, was thrown in the Seine. In 1449, Charles VII recaptured Rouen from the English and rehabilitated her. In 1920 was made Patron Saint of France.
One of the better films made about the life of Jeanne d'Arc is by Luc Besson (1999) with Milla Jovovitch, Dustin Hoffman, Faye Dunaway and John Malkovitch.