This is a hospital for the poor and now a great institution for medical help, in need of funds as I read lately. It is at the parvis of the Cathedral de Notre Dame and one of the jewels of Paris that I hope will keep on.
You can visit this wonderful place by many means, I do the car in and then use the closes metro or bus. Métro Cité – Hôtel de Ville – Châtelet – Maubert-Mutualité (lines 1, 4, 7, 10, 11, 14). The bus lines 21, 38, 85, 96 ; arrêts/stop Cité ou Palais de Justice, line 47 ; arrêts/stops Cité ou Parvis Notre-Dame, line 81 : arrêts/stops Pont Neuf ou Quai du Louvre. RER B and C ; station Saint-Michel – Notre-Dame, gare St Michel.
From November 2013 the urgences or emergencies are close, it is now only a consultation service without in hospital stays.
a bit of history
The building hôtel-Dieu de Paris is the oldest hospital in the city. Founded in 651AD by the Parisian bishop Saint Landry,been a symbol of the charity and hospitable place for the sick. Modesty set the tone when built on the rive gauche of the île de la Cité on the South side of the parvis Notre Dame, Place Jean Paul II. The two building were link by a bridge in double. The current construction houses the hospital are from the 19C
This is another wonderful Church in Paris 4éme I do walks around here and got in for a peek a while back, so here it is.
Located at Place St Gervais, and built on the foundations of the first known building in the right bank of Paris, namely a Basilica which is the existence at the end of the 4th century, it is thus the oldest parish on the right bank of the Seine.
The façade presents the outstanding peculiarity of having the columns of 3 orders: Doric at the ground floor, ionic at the first floor, Corinthian at the second floor.
The construction of the present Church, begun in 1494, was held over a period of about 150 years. Even if the architecture of the Church Saint-Gervais is generally Gothic in appearance, the façade of Salomon de Brosse architects and especially Clément II Métezeau, completed in 1621, is inspired by French classicism. The young François Mansart reproduces the two upper levels (ionic and Corinthian) on the façade of the Conventual Church of the Feuillants (1623-1624).
It houses the martyrdom of St. Petronilla of Giovan Francesco Barbieri Guercino and a large canvas by Sebastiano Ricci, Saint Gregory the great and Saint Vital interceding for the souls in purgatory. A chapel houses the Cenotaph of the Chancellor of France Michel Le Tellier. The statues of René Potier (1579-1670), first Duke of Tresmes, by his wife Margaret of Piney - Luxembourg, and their son Louis, from the destroyed convent of the Celestines, were transferred in the same Chapel.
On 29 March 1918, a German shell fired by a canon type Grosse Bertha fell on the Church killing 88 people and injuring 68 others. The shells broke the roof during the good Friday service. It was the deadliest bombing of the war.
In 1975, the parish is entrusted to Pierre-Marie Delfieux by Cardinal Marty, so that it establishes the fraternities of Jerusalem.
It has a rich collection of stained glass dating from the 16th century, those made by Jean Chastellain: the wisdom of Solomon in 1531 and in the chapel of the Virgin Mary dating from 1517, restored by Baltard, there are stained glass windows made by Jean Chastellain describing the life of the Virgin: marriage of the Virgin and the Virgin in the Temple stained glass windows dedicated to Anne and Joachim, and La Visitation and the doubt of saint Joseph.
the stained glass windows probably made drawings of Jean Cousin (1490-1561) in 1540 near the high altar: the healing of the paralytic , the Resurrection of Lazarus ; and the martyrdom of saint Lawrence.
stained glass from the beginning of the 16th century are in the bays of the north side of the choir chapels: St. Marie-Madeleine canopy carried out between 1494 and 1503 by qualifying "master of the life of saint John the Baptist", the stained glass of the life of saint James of which there are still fragments, then the progression of the construction of chapels being from West to the chapel of axis, are made before 1517 the stained glass windows of the chapel of the three Maries (chapelle Sainte Geneviève and Sainte Barbe) illustrating the life of Saint Isabelle of France and Passion . These stained glass only remains the eardrums, as the brotherhood of Sainte-Geneviève gets in 1734 the authority to "clarify" its chapelle.
the resumption of the construction of the Church at the end of the 16th century will allow high stained-glass windows in the nave at the beginning of the 17th century - stained the footwashing to 1600-1605, appearance of saint James at the battle of Clavijo 1610-1620.
stained glass of the 19th century, including the canopy of sainte Philomène (laid in 1894), executed by Henri Carot on a carton of Henry Lerolle.
abstract stained glass made in the second half of the 20th century by master glassmaker Sylvie Gaudin on the themes of the Nativity, the baptism, the Crucifixion, Pentecost and the Resurrection.
modern stained glass made by the glassmaker Claude brave the high bays of the central vessel on Adam and Eve, the Ark of Noah, the great Patriarchs and their epouses.
It has 3 organs and the music is fantastic with a vibrant sound, cliquot no doubts. You should see it.
Other site for info
and I need to take better pictures next time around.
The last stop on our guided walking tour of Montparnasse was the historic Odessa bath house on Rue d'Odessa.
First we went through the courtyard of house number 9, with trees, bushes and flowers (first and second photos). Then we walked through the entranceway of another building (third photo), until we finally reached another courtyard with the bath house itself.
We learned that this bath house had been built in 1895, making it one of the oldest public bath houses in Paris. In the 1890s and especially in the early decades of the twentieth century, similar bath houses were built all over Paris for purposes of public hygiene. Most houses and apartments at that time did not have baths or showers, so until the bath houses were built people could only bathe if they heated water on the stove and washed in the kitchen, with no running water.
These bath houses in all Paris neighborhoods provided people with a place to take showers for a low price (or use a bathtub for a higher price), so they tended to bathe more regularly than before. The bath houses were tiled, like the shower rooms of a swimming pool, and were always kept very clean.
It wasn’t until the 1970s that private showers in people’s apartments became more or less standard equipment. After that fewer people used the bath houses, but some were still kept in operation and still have their regular customers.
The municipal bath houses were never expensive, but now (since the year 2000) they are free of charge for anyone who wants to use them. City statistics indicate that two-thirds of the users are homeless, but the other third are people whose homes do not have individual baths or showers. Since the financial crisis of 2008 there has again been an increase in the use of the city bath houses.
The Odessa Bath House, however, is no longer run by the city. It is now in private ownership and has been renovated for use as a gay sauna, with a Turkish bath, Jacuzzi, massage service, gym, TV room, cubicles and a darkroom. On most days it is open from noon to 10 p.m. and is reserved for men only. The clients, according to internet reviews, are mainly “bears and mature guys” – bears being “large men with body hair”.
On some evenings, announced well in advance, the men are excluded and the house is reserved for women – then it is called Les Bains d'Ô.
Location and photo of Bains d'Odessa on monumentum.fr
Next review from May 2013: Rue de Rennes, Montparnasse
There has been a theater on this site on the Rue de la Gaîté since 1817, and the present Théâtre Montparnasse dates from 1886. Note that the ornate nineteenth century façade includes two lovely caryatids, statues of half-naked women supporting the roof with their heads.
The theater was renovated in the 1980s and now has seven hundred and fifteen seats – nearly all of which were occupied on the night I was there.
The play I saw at the Théâtre Montparnasse was none other than L’Importance d’être sérieux by Oscar Wilde, better known in English as The Importance of Being Earnest. Since this is a play I know quite well in the original English, I thought I would also be able to understand it in French, which turned out to be true.
It sounded funny to hear it all in French, especially those parts that I know more or less by heart, like the scene in the first act when Gwendolyn says: “I am engaged to Mr. Worthing, mamma.” To which Lady Bracknell replies: “Pardon me, you are not engaged to any one. When you do become engaged to some one, I, or your father, should his health permit him, will inform you of the fact. An engagement should come on a young girl as a surprise, pleasant or unpleasant, as the case may be. It is hardly a matter that she could be allowed to arrange for herself . . .”
Then Lady Bracknell sends Gwendolyn down to the carriage (“Gwendolen, the carriage!“) and interviews Jack to find out if his answers are “what a really affectionate mother requires. Do you smoke?” – “Well, yes, I must admit I smoke.” – “I am glad to hear it. A man should always have an occupation of some kind. There are far too many idle men in London as it is.” etc.
Or the scene in the second act when Gwendolen says: “I never travel without my diary. One should always have something sensational to read in the train.”
A funny thing about this production at the Théâtre Montparnasse (directed by Gilbert Désveaux and previously tried out in Montpellier before they brought it to Paris) was that Lady Bracknell was played by a man, Claude Aufaure, who after a quick change of costume also played Reverend Chasuble at Jack’s country home.
The only trouble with this was that his two characters couldn’t both be on the stage at once, so they had to change the ending a bit and leave out Reverend Chasuble’s marriage to Miss Prism. Which is a shame, because in the original that is just the touch that brings all the threads of the plot together and raises them to a new level of absurdity.
Fifth photo: The actors taking their bows after the play. From left to right: Matthieu Brion as the two servants, Lane and Merriman; Marilyne Fontaine as Gwendolyn; Arnaud Denis as Algernon; Claude Aufaure as Lady Bracknell and Reverend Chasuble; Mathieu Bisson as Earnest/Jack Worthing; Mathilde Bisson as Cecily; Margaret Zenou as Miss Prism.
Location and photo of Théâtre Montparnasse on monumentum.fr
Théâtre Montparnasse, 31 rue de la Gaîté, 75014 Paris
Métro : Gaîté, Edgar Quinet or Montparnasse-Bienvenüe
Next review from May 2013: Rue de la Gaîté
Right behind the Bercy Village at 44 Avenue des Terroirs de France, 75012 , you have a wonderful place often overlook by visitors and locals alike.My boys were in restaurant business and study with tours here, and that is how I find out.
you have the info at the city of Paris, admission is free,and very educational in a great area.
The place is divided into four worlds different and complementary such as:
Le Musée des Arts Forains
Le Théâtre du Merveilleux
Les Salons Vénitiens
Le Théâtre de Verdure
These charged spaces of history receive lots of folks and on VT it should be noted;worth the visit.
These four universes are each scripted according to specific themes: the Carnival of the 19th century in the Musée des Arts Forains, the Carnival in the Venetian Salons, cabinets of curiosity in the Theatre du merveilleux, the extraordinary gardens in the Théâtre de Verdure.
The largest collection in Europe of fairground objects shown by the founder and collector Jean Paul Favand. Scenography plays on the marriage of tradition and innovation, sustainability and the ephemeral, so objects become actors. This unique place, genuine laboratory of ideas, uses the latest technology in sound and video projections to reveal the soul of heritage objects, stimulate the imagination and welcome visitors in the world to daydream...
you get here on following the Gare de Lyon ,the metro Cour Saint-Émilion and buses no 24, and 64
a wonderful Church, near the Louvre in central Paris, and closeby its a clinic I had to go for my father,so decided to check the Church out a while back.
Church here since at least the 5C, second Church in the 6C, Under St Germaine le Neuf, it was probably St Landry , 28th bishop of Paris that created it, and was buried here, making a site of pilgrimage until sacked in the 885 by the Normands. The third Church was built Under Robert le Pieux until 1025. Philippe Auguste builts the current Church by 1200, giving him victories in wars becomes a royal Church and collegiate until 1744.
Many chapels were built and then destroyed non existant today. in 1831 a great fight between chambord and Orléans take place, thinking of a coup, the people invades the Church and destroys everything. In 1912, to enlarge the store Samaritaine, part of the parrish chapel is demolished.
Inside is it like a latin cross direction east to west. THe Chair is work of Le Brun in 1684, The Christ in wood is work of 1841 by Bouchardon. The royal bank is done by Le Brun and claude Perrault, scultured by Mercier with the royal family praying with king louis XIV in the middle. the organ is from 1771 done by Cliquot. THe grill at the choir was done in 1767 put in the national Library after the revolution it was return to the Church in 1812.
Since 1926 after the death of Willette, all artist have their mass here in the day of ashes for those who are going to die.
Another wonderful Church of Paris.
The beffroi or belltower not officially part of it ,it is connected. Built in 1858 of 38 meters high, it consists of four uneven floors; the ground floor and the first floor are square in plan, the upper floors are octagonal. A turret placed on the rear panel contains the spiral staircase which allows to reach the third floor, and continue up to the platform to railing with wooden and metal stairs. The belfry is decorated with gargoyles, pilasters with buttresses on the third floor, ogival mullioned bays Hilts cowl on the upper floor. It is connected to Church and hotel de ville or city hall by two enclosing walls pierced by a large ogival door. Many statues share all spots available on the pilasters corner or in the false bays of the first floor: the Holy bishops Germain I' Auxerre, saint Landry, saint Denis; Kings Childebert, Clovis, Pepin the short, Philippe Auguste, Saint-Louis, Hugues Capet, Charlemagne, Dagobert. In the room of the ground floor windows are decorated with two stained-glass windows of Eugène-Stanislas Oudinot, "the bad rich"and the Resurrection of Lazarus".
On the second floor, it had three dials, a clock, a barometer and a thermometer. The belfry Tower has a chime among the most complete and the most perfect of France. There are thirty-eight bells (three chromatic scales). Installed in 1884, it operated until 1975. It was since fully restored and is still heard at regular hours.
This is a nice Church many by pass by visitors who invade this part of Paris on famous rue Saint- Dominique near the Tour Eiffel at 92 Rue Saint-Dominique, 75007
Its part of my walks in the city and to continue getting to know her, as well Paris is always a discovery!
Some bit of history
Saint-Pierre de Gros-Caillou,
When the Gros - Caillou became a sizeable village, it felt the need to build a branch of Saint-Sulpice, which was the parish church of this village. It occupied this project as early as 1652, but obstacles without number came successively to stop work. Finally, on March 19, 1733, it laid the first stone of this church, which was blessed under the title of the assumption of the Holy ' Virgin, and named by the inhabitants of Notre-Dame-de-Bonne-issuance; She is however named in the records of the Archdiocese under the name of Saint-Pierre-du-Gros-Caillou, branch of Saint-Sulpice. She soon became parish church. in 1775, it was rebuilt on a larger plan and drawings of architect Chalgrin. but it was not fully completed when the revolution broke out. It was demolished . In 1822, it was raised on the same location and under the same name, a new church which is a beautiful simplicity.
The remains of Jean Sylvain Bailly, first mayor of Paris in 1789, lies under the paving.
bit more from the Paris tourist office and map Locator
Not every church can be an architectural masterpiece, right? Well, this one certainly isn't, more of a hodge-podge of styles that don't fit together.
One unique feature of this church is that at the front there is a covered driveway (third photo) going right up to where the front door used to be. Presumably when the church was new in the 1860s this was an elegant driveway where rich worshippers could be chauffeured right up to the front door in their horse-drawn carriages, sheltered from the rain.
Now the front door has been bricked up and the covered driveway has become an iffy-looking refuge for homeless people and junkies. But I rode through it on my Velib' bike without getting mugged or anything.
Second photo: People walking past the café, which by the way is called the Royal Trinité. I stopped and had a light meal here before going to the opera.
Third photo: The once-elegant covered driveway at night.
Fourth photo: Trinité church at night.
59, rue de Châteaudun, 75009 Paris
Vélib' 9102 or 9029
Location and photo of Trinité on monumentum.fr
Métro Trinité - d'Estienne-d'Orves
GPS 48°52'33.56" North; 2°19'55.24" East
The Cathedrale Americaine de Paris,, located at 23 Avenue George V 75008 is another place of get together by the American community and anglophones of Paris.
The American Cathedral in Paris , also Cathedral of the Holy Trinity is a church in Paris dating from the late 19th century, of anglican worship and serves as Cathedral for the convening of American churches in Europe of the Episcopal Church in the United States. It is open to all denominations.
It was built from 1881 in neo-Gothic style on the plans of the English architect George Edmund Street, and opened in 1886. The stained glass windows of the building, with the number 42, are due to the glassmaker James Bell, who built between 1883 and 1893 on the theme of the Te Deum.It was later complemented by an belltower drawn in 1904-1906 by Arthur Edmond Street, son of the original architect, died in the meantime; then in 1911 took over by a presbytery under architect Pett ; and finally in 1923 by a memorial to American soldiers who died during the first world war.The building and its Bell Tower, as well as the covered Gallery bordering the South façade, have registered historical monument in France.
This picturesque art-deco façade provides a welcome splash of color on the otherwise undistinguished Cours de Vincennes at the eastern end of Paris.
Zaengerler et Roussel was an enterprise that made tiles and mosaics. The company no longer exists, apparently, but the façade has been preserved.
The Cours de Vincennes is a broad avenue that goes from Place de la Nation to Porte de Vincennes. From one line of buildings to the other, this avenue is nearly seventy-nine meters wide -- ten meters wider than the Avenue des Champs-Élysées, if I have measured correctly. (I measured on Google Earth, not on the ground.)
Open-air markets are held on the Cours de Vincennes on some days, but otherwise the street is mainly a highway for motor vehicles.
29 Cours de Vincennes, Paris 20e
Location on mappy.com
GPS 48°50'53.61" North; 2°24'7.17" East
Unlike the front of the building, the courtyard of 22 rue Delambre has not changed much (nor been kept in particularly good repair) in the past hundred years. When we were there some renovation work was in progress on the left-hand side of the courtyard (third photo).
Traditionally, Montparnasse has been a place for people from Brittany, on the west coast of France, to come and live. Since 1975 the Breton mission in Paris has been using some of the ateliers at the end of this courtyard for cultural activities. Also several ateliers are still being used by artists.
Again, we wouldn’t have been able to get in here if our guide hadn’t known the combination to unlock the front door.
Métro Edgar Quinet or Vavin
Location of the Mission Bretonne at 22 rue Delambre on OpenStreetMap
Next review from May 2013: Gauguin stayed here
Our guide did not know the entrance code to number 5, rue Delambre, but he asked next door at the Paradise shoe shop and they gave it to him.
Location of 5, Rue Delambre on Google Maps.
The plaque above the doorway reads: “The painter Foujita 1886-1968 lived and worked in this building from 1917 to 1924.”
I must admit that up to now I knew hardly anything about Tsuguharu Foujita, and I don’t think I have ever seen any of his paintings or drawings in the original. But he turns out to have been a very famous (at the time) artist and one of the most eccentric artists in Montparnasse in the early 20th century.
He grew up and was educated in Tokyo, where he also got off to a good start as an artist. He moved to Paris in 1913 at age 27 and quickly made friends with local artists, including Picasso and Matisse and the sculptor Ossip Zadkine.
One of the often-repeated stories about Foujita is that after a few years he had earned enough money to install a bathtub with hot and cold running water here at 5 rue Delambre. (Few people in Paris even had a shower in their homes at that time, as I have pointed out in my tips on the Bains Odessa and the Bains de Chateaudun.) With this bathtub he was able to lure some of the most beautiful models to come and visit him and pose for nude pictures, including Kiki, the ‘Queen of Montparnasse’.
Kiki, whose real name was Alice Prin (1901-1953), was well-known as the model for hundreds of images by Man Ray (1890–1976), including the famous photo of her as Le Violon d'Ingres, with the f-holes of a cello superimposed on her bare back.
Rue Delambre, by the way, was named after the French mathematician and astronomer Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Delambre (1749-1822), who was most famous for preparing the tables that plotted the location of the planet Uranus. In addition to this Paris street, there is also a crater on the moon that was named after Delambre. Also there is a kind of pink rose called the Delambre Rose, which was bred in France in 1863.
Next review from May 2013: 22, Rue Delambre
Blanche, meaning White, was a popular name for aristocratic ladies in the Middle Ages. There were several queens and princesses named Blanche in various centuries. No one is quite sure which of them this castle was named after, but the most likely choice seems to be Blanche de France, a daughter of Louis IX de France (1214-1270, later canonized as Saint Louis), since her mother Marguerite de Provence (1221-1295) was perhaps the first owner of the castle.
Another plausible candidate would be Blanche d’Evreux, also known as Blanche de Navarre (1330–1398), who in her younger years had the reputation of being the most absolutely beautiful and lovely and gorgeous and irresistible princess of her generation. I imagine dozens of steamy historical novels have been written about Blanche d’Evreux – but if not, some aspiring young author should get busy and write one.
Blanche d’Evreux was originally engaged (or rather ‘betrothed’) to the king’s son, but then the king himself took a liking to her and snatched her away. So it was a situation like the one in Schiller’s play and Verdi’s opera Don Carlos. The king marries his son’s fiancée and the son is understandably not pleased.
It you have seen the play or the opera you know how this sort of thing turns out. In the case of Blanche d’Evreux and her husband King Philip VI, who was forty years older than she was, the marriage lasted only one year because then the king died (in 1350), reportedly of ‘amorous exhaustion’ from trying to fulfill his conjugal duties to his libidinous young wife.
Forty-three years later the original ‘Castle of Queen Blanche’ was badly damaged by fire during a wild costume party of the type known as a ‘charivari’ on the night of January 28, 1393. King Charles VI (the great-grandson of Philip VI) was disguised as a ‘savage’ at this party. He was wearing a highly inflammable costume and narrowly escaped being burned to death, but four of his companions died in the flames. The king was already mentally unstable (perhaps due to generations of inbreeding in the royal family), and this fire pushed him over the edge, so he was no longer capable of governing and had to let his uncles take control. The badly damaged castle was demolished soon afterwards.
The current building dates from the beginning of the 16th century, when it was built on behalf of the Gobelin family. The Gobelins were dyers from Flanders (or Reims, depending on which website you believe) who specialized in dyeing scarlet cloth. As I have explained in one of my Friedrichsdorf reviews, the dyeing of cloth was in former times a profitable craft which required a great deal of skill and knowledge because each color needed a different kind of dye made of different ingredients.
The turrets on the building were later demolished, but they were reconstructed in 2002 when the building was made into condominiums. The owners of the new apartments carefully restored the entire complex in such a way that the buildings and courtyards are now again arranged as they were in the seventeenth century.
Second photo: The gate at the entrance to the Castle of Queen Blanche is nearly always locked, but on the fence there is a sign offering free guided tours at certain times on certain days – “meeting point in front of this fence.”
So I went over on a Sunday morning at 11 o’clock and found that two other people were also waiting for the tour, a French couple in their sixties who later let on that they were not actually a ‘couple’, just friends. They had been living in and around Paris all their lives but were still going out on weekends to discover places they hadn’t known about before, with the help of a guidebook.
Soon a young man came out of the building, unlocked the gate and introduced himself as the owner of one of the condominiums. It was his turn to show people around, which he did with great enthusiasm. He had obviously been involved in the renovation project eleven years before, and was proud of how they had created modern apartments while preserving or restoring the historic buildings (and removing some unsightly ramshackle structures that had been added in the nineteenth century).
He took us into one of the buildings to show us the spiral stone staircase, which had been built around a thick oak beam. Before renovation it had looked completely decrepit, but after the accumulated residue of several centuries was carefully removed, it turned out that both the stone staircase and the oak beam were still in good condition, so they are now clean and are still in use today.
Third photo: In the courtyard there were originally several wells. During renovation, one of the wells was rebuilt, but it now serves a different purpose, not to get water out of the ground but to hold an exhaust fan for the ventilation of some of the basement rooms.
This piece of real estate is still known as the Island of Queen Blanche, because in former times it really was an island between the two arms of the River Bièvre. But since 1912, when the highly polluted Bièvre was banished under ground, this is just a triangular piece of land bounded by the streets called rue Gobelins, rue Berbier-du-Mets and rue Gustave-Geffroy.
The tour really was completely free and was in French. I don’t know if any of the owners would also do it in English, but it wouldn’t hurt to ask.
Location and photo on monumentum.fr
Address: 4 rue Gustave Geffroy, 75013 Paris
Directions: Vélib’ 5027, 13007, 13005
Métro Les Gobelins, line 7
Next review from July 2013: The large house of the Gobelins
The Place de Clichy is a square where four of the Paris arrondissements come together, the 8th, 9th, 17th and 18th.
During the 20th century and the first decade of the 21st this was not so much a public square as a motorized disaster area, with more than four thousand motor vehicles per hour careening around in a highly disorganized fashion, producing incessant traffic jams and perilous conditions for pedestrians and cyclists.
Around 2006 the mayors of the four adjoining arrondissements started negotiating with the Paris mayor’s office and with various residents’ associations about how to rearrange the square and reallocate the space so as to make it more attractive and less dangerous for everyone. These negotiations went on for three years and included three public meetings in which hundreds of people had their say.
As a result, the space devoted to cars was reduced, the sidewalks were widened and re-paved, new and wider pedestrian crossings were installed, the center islands were enlarged and re-designed and a new system of street lighting was installed along with new street furniture and an additional Vélib’ station. Thirty-seven new trees were planted and a new bicycle lane was created to connect with the existing bike lanes coming in from the east and west (part of the signposted bike route # 5).
While they were at it, they also cleaned and restored the monument to Marshal Moncey in the center of the Place de Clichy. Marshal Moncey (1754–1842) was the general who took charge of the defense of Paris at this spot when it was invaded in 1814.
After nearly eleven months of construction work the redesigned Place de Clichy was inaugurated in November 2010.
Although the transformation here is not as dramatic as at the Place de la République, about 4 km to the southeast, it is still a great improvement over the way it used to be.
Second photo: The Métro station at Place de Clichy is served by line 2 (east-west) and line 13 (north-south). Some elements remain of the original station entrance, which was designed in 1900 by Hector Guimard.
Next Paris review from October 2013: Spontini's La Vestale at the Champs-Élysées
This is located directly in front of Notre Dame Basilica at the far end of the plaza. With the large viewing stand that was there when i visited in Sept 2013, it was right at the foot on the entrance to the viewing stands.
It contains what is called one of the archaeological treasures of Europe, showing the foundations and remains of buildings mainly from the Gallo Roman period.
nearest metro- Cite, St Michel (RER)
Admission- Tuesday-Sunday, 10-6
Fees- 5 euro
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