Parc Monceau, Paris
Parc Monceau is a pleasant and interesting public park. It can be found at the junction of Boulevard de Courcelles, Rue de Prony and Rue Georges Berger.
The park was originally the brainchild of Phillippe d'Orléans, the Duke of Chartres. He was a staunch Anglophile and wanted to create an English garden complete with follies. The garden was completed in 1779. Its follies at that time included a miniature Egyptian pyramid, a Roman colonnade and a Dutch windmill. In 1793 Phillippe d'Orléans, the Duke of Chartres, was guillotined during the Reign of Terror and Parc Monceau was handed over to the French people.
In 1871 the Paris Commune, a revolutionary socialist government that ruled Paris from the 18th of March until the 28th of May 1871, fell from power. Supporters of this commune were massacred by the French army in Parc Monceau.
Claude Monet was a frequent visitor to Parc Monceau. In 1876 he painted three paintings of springtime in the park. He painted two additional paintings of the park in 1878.
200-300 kms is a long radius to travel and see gardens, there is a site that has them all ;its the offical committee site and have descriptions of thousands of toenjoy it, many in big towns too
and this site list what they say are the most beautiful in France Versailles included ::)
you have a list in city of Paris of its gardens and parks by arrondissement or district of Paris (20)
and a more extensive list on same site in French above
My favorites over the years have been the Tuileries, Monceau, Luxembourg, Acclimmatation near porte maillot,, and many small squares such as Vert Galant behind Notre Dame.
The story is jardin or garden comes from the gallo roman word of gardinium (enclosure) and the monasteries were the first one to use of course as it symbolise the paradise,and the Rose represented the Virgin. the most evoquing of the early period is the one at Meaux (77) wife native town) Seine-et-Marne, done by the monk Fiacre that became the patron saint of gardeners on the 30 August. In Paris the first ones were by the St Germain-des-prés and aux pré-aux-Clercs Many medieval gardens are found in Paris such as that of rue des jardins-St Paul or religious such as at rue de Babylone and of medieval inspiration such as those at Cluny museum.
They were continue during the renaissance and then the birth of the French style or jardin à la française with its greatest exponent André le Notre going over the borders of France into China and Russia.
The plants and trees such as those at the Jardin des Plantes were thanks to king Louis XIV , that was created Under Louis XIII and its gardener Guy de la Brosse.Here you will find the oldest trees in Paris planted in 1601. We then created gardens for the hospitals such as la Salpêtriére, the abbey du Val-de-Grâce and the Hôtel-Dieu
We honor especially André le Nôtre born at rue Saint Honoré and baptised the 12 march 1613 at the Church of Saint Roch nearby;all following a line of gardeners of the king. He did his training at the jardin des Tuileries with the terraces that gives to the river Seine.
The English gardens or jardins à l'Anglaise continue in the 18C. It was Jean-Jacques Rousseau who impulse them with his writings and demonstrated in paintings by Nicolas Poussin, and Le Lorrain; the gardens such as parc Monceau.
The cementary gardens follow vogue, with those of Pére-Lachaise then Montparnasse and Montmartre.They were followed by Vaurigard ,Auteuil 1800, Belleville 1808, Bercy 1816, Passy 1820, Villette 1828, Grenelle 1830, and Batignolles in 1833.
We arrive at the 19C with a democratic garden encompassing a mixture of the previous ones. As well as the invention of the lawnmower, grass cutting machine. We see birth of the mosaicculture with the first popular gardens such as the one at Luxembourg,and the perspectives on the jardin de l'Observatoire.
Given birth to the first square of Paris, 1844, between Notre Dame and the Seine, a square planted with trees and banks for the walkers, named the square de l'archevêché later call the pl Jean XXIII.
The second empire of Napoléon III and Haussemann; as in England where the gardens were considered as a way of social reforms, Napoléon took this idea. He created two forests between and 1852 and 1855, the bois de Bolougne and the bois de Vincennes. As well as reform all of Paris in 1860, given birth to the idea of neighborhoods of 20 arrondissements. this by annexing 11 villages around Paris.
Napoléon III creates the first parc of close contact with the people and the city such as Monceau in 1861, and Buttes-Chaumont in 1878. The first department of gardens ,walks were created in 1854 with the tracing of 24 new gardens; the new Art Déco creates new gardens in Paris such as Cité-Universitaire in 1922 and the Butte-du-Chapeau-Rouge in 1939.
Paris has 3000 hectares of green spaces, with 426 parcs/gardens with 486000 trees growing and it is continuously growing every year.
This is one of those parks amongst so many nice ones in Paris that is often overlook. However, it is a grand park full of chic history, and one where ,well the only park I have ever ridden a bicycle in Paris lol! Amongst friends.
The official address is at 35 boulevard Courcelles ,and you can come in thru the boulevard de Courcelles, avenue Vélasquez, avenue Van Dyck, or avenue Ruysdael
It is a free park and usually open from 7h to 20h ,depend on the season and if school out or not the hours can change a bit.
The easiest to get here is to walk of course, but I have rented the vélib here and rode Inside a bit too
then you have the metro Monceau , line 2; the Velib station nearest are at N° 17018, 4 rue de thann
Station N° 8036, 39 rue de lisbonne, and Station N° 8044, 2 rue alfred de vigny
Some history of it
In 1769, the Duke of Chartres, acquired land on which he built the "Folie de Chartres" surrounded by a garden "à la française". Building were done or left partially Inside such as ruins of a temple of Mars, and a Gothic Castle, minaret, Dutch mill, Egyptian pyramid, Chinese pagoda, tartar tent, as many small whimsical buildings that made the garden famous. Rivers were dug, as well as the famous Naumachia, a basin surrounded by Corinthian columns (in Roman antiquity there was a basin where took place of the representations of naval battles), inspiration from the Valois of the Saint-Denis Basilica. Parc Monceau was amputated in 1787, at the time of the construction of the wall of the farmers-General. A rotunda to columns, said the "Pavilion of Chartres", which should serve as a sentry post, was built by Ledoux, on the edge of the current boulevard de Courcelles. Part of the Pavilion, which can still be seen, was converted into a lounge by the Duke of Chartres, on the first floor, from which he could admire a breathtaking view on the plain of the Parc Monceau. In 1793, a greenhouse, a winter garden, as well as of new aisles arose under the leadership of Thomas Blaikie, author of the wonderful park of Bagatelle, that transformed the Monceau Park in English garden.
Become national property during the French Revolution, it returned to the Orléans family, but he didn't last long in their hands. The State acquired in 1852. Then change a lot ,started by Pereire a financier who built many mansions along the East, South and West, including Museum Cernuschi (Asian art) and Nissim de Camondo (18th century). Therefore the park was reduced by half. Rénovations were done by baron Haussmann. In 1861, Napoleon III was finally able to inaugurate the Parc Monceau that we are currently enjoying.
The Parc Monceau is one of the most beautiful gardens of Paris indeed frequented by mothers of families and their children, a few tourists and the Russian community who went to the Cathedral Orthodox Alexandre Nevsky (1861) nearby. And of course a few local bikers !!!
You will enjoy a beltway of plants , luxury buildings and lavish mansions. You will discover many statues (monument to Gounod - 1897 - and Musset - 1906 - by Antonin Mercier, to Chopin by Jacques Froment Meurice-1906-, Ambroise Thomas by Alexandre Falguière-1902-, Guy de Maupassant by Raoul Verlet-1897-, to Edouard Pailleron by Léopold Bernstam - 1906)-, and, among the sights, an arcade Renaissance of the Paris Hôtel de Ville which burned down during the Commune.
The Parc Monceau is home to spectacular trees including a Sycamore at twisted branches, which is the oldest (1853), the largest (4, 18 m) and above the Borough (30 m). His impressive girth rivals however difficult the oldest plane tree of the East (1814), which reaches 7 meters.
A parc for Paris.
In addition to the usual sites, many tourists include a visit to the Jardin des Tuileries and/or the Jardin du Luxembourg... but if one has a bit more time and willing to travel a few extra minutes away from the first few arrondissements, there are some very lovely, tranquil parks. Here are three of my favorites:
Parc des Buttes Chaumont (in the 19th arrondissement) has a lovely lake and a 20m waterfall along with a tower which affords a great view of Sacré Coeur. (Métro Buttes Chaumont, of course...but also perhaps Métro Laumière since it is on the a single metro line to/from Sacré Coeur / Montmartre) You may stumble upon people taking wedding photos there.
Parc Monceau is situated in what appears (at least to me -- due to its gold gilded gates) to be an affluent part of the 8th. It hosts an Egyptian pyramid and a tranquil pond surrounded by Corinthian pillars. (Métro Monceau)
Parc de Bercy (in the 12th) is a huge 14 hectare area and apparently is actually 3 separate, connected gardens.
And right in the heart of the city, there are two smaller tranquil areas which are ideal for a break in between the hustle and bustle of museums, etc. They're both on the Western tip of Île de la Cité -- on either side of the statue of Henri IV at Pont Neuf: the Square du Vert-Galant and the Place Dauphine.
The park was established by Phillippe d'Orléans, Duke of Chartres, a cousin of the king. He started buying land on which to establish the garden in 1769, and employed Louis Carrogis Carmontelle to design the gardens. He was a close friend of the Prince of Wales, later George IV, and a lover of all things English. As a result, his aim was to create an informal English-style garden in the middle of Paris. By 1778, through successive purchases, the garden had grown to 12 hectares. It became known as the Folie de Chartres.
The park is unusual in France due to its English style - its informal layout, curved walkways and randomly-placed statues distinguish it from the more traditional, French-style garden.
It also includes a collection of scaled-down architectural features - including an Egyptian pyramid, a Chinese fort, a Dutch windmill, and Corinthian pillars. A number of these are masonic references, as Philippe d'Orléans was a leading freemason. The park includes statues of famous French figures including Guy de Maupassant, Frédéric Chopin, Charles Gounod, Ambroise Thomas and Edouard Pailleron.
During the French revolution of 1793 the Duke was executed by guillotine, and the garden was taken into public ownership.
In 1797, it was the site of the first silk parachute jump, when André-Jacques Garnerin jumped from a Montgolfier hot air balloon, landing in the park where a large crowd was gathered.
The garden was purchased by the city of Paris in 1860. Half of the land was sold for the construction of new houses. Thanks to Baron Haussmann, the other half was preserved as green space and became a public park, inaugurated by Napoleon III on 13 August 1861.
Created in 1778 when this area was well outside the city limits, this park is used and enjoyed primarily by Parisians, not tourists. The main entrance on the North side is an old Toll House, one of only 4 which still stand. It is full of whimsical architectural follies, such as a pyramid, colonnade, rock garden.
Closest Metro: Monceau
Parc Monceau is a pretty park just off the Boulevard De Courcelles in the 17th Arrondissement. Despite its close proximity to the Arc de Triomph, the park is unknown to most tourists and it's all the better for it. It's a popular place with locals who live in the affluent neighbourhoods nearby.
One of the most fantastic small gardens in Paris is the Parc Monceau. Situated in the rather peaceful and business area of Paris (the XVIIth district), this place is surrounded by one of the most splendid sets of houses with veranda in Paris. Inside the parc, the green grass shares the space with ruins of an ancient roman theater, a small romantic mount and a playground for kids... and it's definitely a place to jog !!!
The Parc Monceau entrance is situated at the exit of the Metro station Monceau (line 2).
We took this stroll on our way to Musée Nissim Camondo. You will find all sorts of follies and sculptures in the park, which was originally founded by the Duke of Chartres in 1769!
The south side of the park backs up on magnificent mansions including Musée Nissim Camondo . The city acquired the park in 1860 with about half of the original acreage.
Dans le quartier Monceau, ce jardin est fréquenté essentiellement par les habitants des immeubles avoisinants. C'est un jardin superbe, très frais en été, et très agréable.
In the district Monceau, this garden is essentially frequented by the neighboring building inhabitants. It is a superb garden, very expenses in summer, and very pleasant.
The amateurs of plants will be able to admire beautiful rare tree specimens there, and the basin, arranged very well will delight the children. As biggest part of the parks and gardens of Paris, it is a supervised place and very sure.
Paris has a remarkable series of parks. This one, Parc Monceau, has a number of entrances: 78, bd de Courcelles, avenue Velasquez, avenue Van Dycq, and avenue Ruysdaël , in the 8th. This park is not far from the Champs Elysees and the Arc de Triomphe.
Like many French parks, there are a series of "folies" or artificial ruins, designed to charm the eye and the soul.
This park is used frequently by runners; you will see men and women circling the perimeter in sports shorts, tee shirts, and running shoes. (The only time you will EVER see the French wearing running shoes is when they are running! If you see someone walking the streets in running shoes, you can bet safely that they are not French).
Paris has loads of parks which are beautiful anytime of the year.
Parc Georges Brassens (Metro: Convention) This is a nice modern park with lots of play areas for children and good paths for running. There is a scented garden for the blind, climbing rocks and a puppet theatre. Public Toilets (2f)
Parc Monceau (Metro: Monceau) This is an 18th century park with lots of flowers, a skating area and interesting follies. It is not far from the L'arc de Triomphe. Toilets (2f)
Jardin des Plantes (Metro: Place Monge) This is an old park with large greenhouses. There is also an interesting 'sand sculpture' which tracks eclipses ( you will have to see it to understand it!). There is an old zoo, too, which is interesting because it is so old.