Galeries de l'Histoire de France, Versailles
This is the work of king Louis Philippe giving the biggest space of military galleries in France on the south wing on two floors.
33 paintings depicting the greatest battles of France from Tolbiac in 496AD to Wagram in 1809.
The best paintings from the old regimes are Austerlitz by Gérard ,and the Restauration , the entry of Henri IV to Paris by Gérard, Bouvines and Fontenoy d’Horace Vernet. All the others were done for the gallery between 1834 and 1845 by different painters such as Alaux, Bouchot, Couder, Delacroix, E. Devéria, Féron, Fragonard fils, Franque, Heim, Larivière, Mauzaisse, Picot, brothers Scheffer, Schnetz, Schopin, Steuben and H. Vernet. A glorious hall indeed, and includes about 107 bust of notables as well.
The opening of the gallery was the strong point when the palace museum was open to the public in June 10, 1837
My most memorable souvenir is the painting of Yorktown done in 1836. This is representing the battle of Yorktown in 1781 that decided the independence of the new nation , the USA. In the painting you have two central personages such as the General Rochambeau to the left and general Washington to the right. Behind the two we can see the Marquis de La Fayette and on the right of Gen. Washington you see the Marquis de Saint Simon. To the left on a horse and with the back to you, you see the Duke of Lauzun. Missing is the Admiral Grasse that with 49 French ships blockade the harbor and help turn the tide of the battle in favor of the French American forces. Admiral Grasse is buried at Saint Roch church in rue St Honoré Paris.'(see tip).
The HALL of BATTLES is the largest room of the palace with 120 m of length and 13 m width. Under Louis XIV this South wing consisted of princely apartments on the first floor and apartments for members of the Royal court on the second floor.
In 1837 Louis-Philippe had this wing arranged in the form of gallery devoted to the military history of France.
It contains 35 large paintings representing the greatest victorious battles since the victory of Clovis at the battle of Tolbiac in 496 till Napoleon I at Wagram in 1809.
No defeat is represented, neither the Battle of the Gold Spurs nor the battle of Waterloo do appear among the painted subjects.
This elegant and imposing gallery also comprises 80 busts representing the princes, constables, marshals and generals who died as a combatant for France. It is clear that the chiefs of the armies were present on the battle field in that period of history.
A classic among these historical paintings is the battle of Rivoli Veronese in 1797 won by Consul Bonaparte against the Austrians.
La Galerie des Batailles est la plus vaste salle du château avec 120 m de long et 13 m de large. Sous Louis XIV cette aile du Midi comportait des appartements princiers au premier étage et des appartements de courtisans au deuxième étage. Louis-Philippe la fit aménager en 1837 sous forme de galerie consacrée à l'histoire militaire de France.
Elle contient 35 grands tableaux représentant les plus grandes batailles victorieuses depuis la victoire de Clovis à la bataille de Tolbiac en 496 jusqu'à Napoléon Ier à Wagram en 1809.
Aucune défaite n'est représentée, ni la Bataille des Eperons d'Or ni la bataille de Waterloo ne figurent parmi les sujets.
La galerie à la fois élégante et imposante comporte également 80 bustes représentant des princes, connétables, maréchaux et généraux morts en combattant pour la France. Ce qui permet de constater qu'à cette époque les chefs des armées étaient présents sur le champ de bataille.
Un classique parmi ces tableaux historiques est celui de Philippoteaux représentant la bataille de Rivoli emportée par Bonaparte contre les Autrichiens en 1797.
Battle of Fleurus.
My attention was drawn by this painting because I know Fleurus which belongs to the many battle fields which abound in Belgium but even more because this painting represents in its right upper corner the first military observation balloon used.
The Battle of Fleurus in 1794 was won by the general Jourdan over the Austrian army and it opened Belgium to the armies of the Revolution.
Thanks to this balloon the French could observe the battle formation of the enemy. (photo 2)
Napoleon will not retain this innovation whose reduced mobility did not correspond to his fast rhythm of operations.
The observation balloon reappeared on a battle field in America with the American Civil War.
Bataille de Fleurus.
Mon attention fut attirée par ce tableau d'abord parce que je connais Fleurus qui fait partie des nombreux champs de bataille qui abondent en Belgique mais encore plus parce que ce tableau représente en son coin supérieur droit le premier ballon d'observation militaire utilisé en 1794. La Bataille de Fleurus fut remportée par le général Jourdan sur l'armée autrichienne et elle ouvrit la Belgique aux armées de la Révolution.
Grâce à ce ballon les Français purent observer le dispositif des coalisés. (photo 2 détail)
Napoléon ne retiendra pas cette innovation dont la mobilité réduite ne permettait pas de suivre son rythme d'opération.
Le ballon d'observation réapparût sur un champ de bataille en Amérique avec la guerre de Sécession.
During my first visiting Versailles for some reasons there was no access to the Museum of France history. But I did not know about this museum, therefore I was surprised very much, when three months later I appeared in Versailles once more and saw the continuation of survey - beautiful halls of Napoleon's victories.
The Galerie des Batailles (Gallery of Battles) is a 120 metre long and 13 metre wide gallery occupying the first floor of the aile du midi of the Palace of Versailles, joining onto the grand and petit 'appartements de la reine'. It is an epigone of the Grande galerie of the Louvre and was intended to glorify French military history from the Battle of Tolbiac (traditionally dated 495) to the Battle of Wagram (5–6 July 1809).
The Salon de la Guerre is a room decorated almost entirely with sculpture with the subject being the life of Louis, as it is described in various historical and mythological guises. The plaster relief is probably the centrepiece of the room and it portrays Louis as Mars, the Roman god of war, who triumphed over his enemies. Other gods and winged Victories surround him.
Napoléon and France - the war room itself is very impressive and i liked the huge paintings
fully detailling French glory at the many battlefields.
Another place in the private rooms of Versailles, showing the different battles fields during France glorious time is "The gallery of the Battles"
- Battle of Poittiers
- Battle of Bouvines
- Battle of Austerlitz
But i never saw a Battlefield painting of Waterloo
The War-Drawing room. It's decor and that of the Peace- Drawing room which is symmetrical, btw everything in Versailles is symmetrical, with it, are close to that of the famous Hall of Mirrors.The walls are entiraly sheated in precious marble, adorned with mirrors and gilded bronze trophies
Another picture taken in the Hall of Battles (I think it was taken here anyway). Hahaha, you can see I really had some time to spend here and enjoyed doing so. I took a lot of time looking around all the painting and this was one of them with Napoleon Bonaparte. The painting is of the battle at Wagram (1809) by Horace Vernet (1789-1863). It was painted between 1835 and 1836.
This is a picture of me in the ‘Hall of Battles’. The hall is huge, 120 metres long and 13 metres wide. There are thirty-five large paintings on the wall portraying 14 centuries of French history. Besides the paintings there are 82 busts of some of the most famous French soldiers that died in combat. When you enter the hall you just don’t know where to look. All the paintings are impressive. And for once it wasn’t ‘that’ busy here, so I could take my time to enjoy it all.
Next, see if you'll recognise this short fellow who went on a Genghis Khan-type rampage of Europe and created a little empire for France. Interesting to note that he battled dark skinned savages on cannibilistic horses. An exaggeration of the artist, I'm sure, horses, don't go around chewing off the arms of people!
Read on to go over to the plainer King's Apartments or click here
The Hall of Battles is an impressive and lengthy corridor lined on both side with paintings of France's greatest military victories.
The hall spans the entire length of the South Wing of Versailles. It contains huge paintings depicting France's military history, from the Battle of Tolbiac in 496 to Napoleon's success in 1809.
The paintings are very detailed and absolutely beautiful. You'll see many figures you recognize in the paintings, including our own George Washington. Take some time in this area and really admire the detail. This was probably my favorite part of the whole Chateau!