Grand Trianon castle, Versailles
As much the Castle is imposing, as much the Grand Trianon is a gem of architectural elegance. The choice of this retreat at the end of the Park of Versailles by Louis XIV and the choice of the architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart for its erection in 1687-1688 in Italian style was a great success so that the Grand Dauphin, the Queen Marie Leszczinska, Napoleon I, King Louis-Philippe staid there and that finally the General de Gaulle decided to restore it in 1962-1965.
The Palace of the Grand Trianon consists of two buildings on ground floor, covered wit a flat roof with balustrade. The two wings are connected by a peristyle adorned with pink marble columns. The sight on the flowered gardens is beautiful.
Inside the mural decoration of the time of Louis XIV was restored. The furniture is in the style of the time of Napoleon I.
I felt quite pleased with my visit here. The Grand Trianon is much calmer than the castle itself. In sunny weather it is a very nice promenade distant for thirty minutes on foot.
Autant le Château est grandiose, autant le Grand Trianon est un bijou d'élégance architecturale.
Le choix de cette retraite à l'extrémité du domaine de Versailles par Louis XIV et le choix de l'architecte Jules Hardouin-Mansart pour sa réalisation en 1687-1688 dans un style à l'Italienne fut si heureux que le Grand Dauphin, la Reine Marie Leszczinska, Napoléon Ier, le Roi Louis-Philippe y séjournèrent et que finalement le Général de Gaulle décida de le restaurer en 1962-1965.
Le Palais du Grand Trianon consiste en deux bâtiments en rez-de-chaussée, couverts d'un toit plat avec balustrade. Les deux ailes sont reliées par un péristyle à colonnes en marbre rose d'où l'on a une belle vue sur les jardins fleuris.
A l'intérieur le décor mural du temps de Louis XIV a été restauré. Le mobilier restitue le style de l'époque de Napoléon Ier.
Je conseille très vivement cette visite bien plus calme que celle du château lui-même, surtout par temps ensoleillé car il faut environ une demi heure pour rejoindre le Grand Trianon à pied.
Louis XIV particularly liked the Trianon and would stay there in the summer for short “holidays” close to the castle of Versailles but away from the strict obligations of the royal court. He occupied there successively three apartments.
The room in the left wing is particularly elegant. It is preceded by a large cabinet called Mirror Room.
After Louis XIV the room was occupied by the Grand Dauphin. With the Revolution the pieces of furniture of the Trianon were dispersed. It is the emperor Napoleon I who restored and arranged this palace. The former room of King Louis XIV became the room of the empress Marie-Louise. The bed was ordered by Napoleon for the Palace des Tuileries.
Later king Louis-Philippe (1830 - 1848) had this bed widened and transferred to the Grand Trianon for him and queen Marie-Amélie. The back of the bed carries the letters LP topped by a crown.
This room is often called "Room of the Empress"; furniture is from the Empire and Louis-Philippe period but the mural decoration is generally that of the time of Louis XIV.
Louis XIV aimait particulièrement le Trianon et y séjournait volontiers en été pour des "vacances" à courte distance du château de Versailles mais à l'écart de l'étiquette de la cour. Il y occupa successivement trois appartements. La chambre à coucher dans l'aile gauche est particulièrement élégante. Elle est précédée d'un grand cabinet appelé Salon des Glaces.
Après Louis XIV séjourna ici le Grand Dauphin. A la Révolution les meubles du Grand Trianon furent dispersés. C'est l'empereur Napoléon I qui restaura et aménagea ce palais. L'ancienne chambre du roi devint alors la chambre de l'impératrice Marie-Louise.
Le lit est en fait celui commandé par Napoléon pour le Palais des Tuileries.
C'est le roi Louis-Philippe qui l'a fait élargir et venir à Trianon après 1830 pour lui et la reine Marie-Amélie. C'est à la suite de quoi le dossier du lit porte le chiffre LP couronné.
Quoiqu'il en soit de ceux qui ont dormi dans cette chambre c'est une pièce de toute beauté au mobilier majoritairement d'époque Empire et Louis Philippe qu'il ne faut pas manquer de visiter d'autant plus que vous y serez moins bousculé que dans la Grande Chambre du Roi au palais de Versailles même.
grandiose and beautiful, a must see, another property within the Domaine de Versailles attached to the Chateau de Versailles.
I will take on the Grand Trianon today. This is a wonderful huge property seen best from the side of the ave de Versailles, by the Porte Saint Antoine. Taking Bus 19 from ave St Cloud to stop Arboretum, and walking about 200 meters to the porte.
It was built by architect of the king Jules Hardouin Mansart in 1687 on the site of the old « Trianon de Porcelaine », that Louis XIV had done in 1670 to escape the crowds of the court, and to house his loves with Mme de Montespan. The Grand Trianon is without a doubt the complex of buildings the most refine in the entire domaine de Versailles. More of it at the official site of the Chateau de Versailles, http://en.chateauversailles.fr/grand-trianon-
The peace corner of the king was at the Salon de Musique du roi, where singers and musician played for the king ,to the right at the cheminey you have the stairs that they took to enter quietly…. The Grand Trianon was open during the day but only the king and its close party had the right to dine or sleep in it. The king spent most of his time almost a third here at the Grand Trianon, prefering it over the castle. You know you are in it when you see the pool or billiard table… We go outside to the Allée des HàHà to the extreme west of the Grand Trianon. This park covers 23 hectares separated from the castle, he ordered garden designs along the way in vast green spaces, such as salle d’Atalante, des Portiques,des Vases,des Boules d’Ormes ,de Diane, de Mercure,des Empereurs, des Six Figures where he can go on horseback. He ask to be installed jumping obtacles such as the name of HàHà.
The water plays an important part in all the property and no exception at the Grand Trianon, when you see the Buffet d’Eau done in 1703. A huge fountain topped by figures of Poseidon, and Amphitrite, a wonderful fountain by the gardens. You mix and go by going inside to the Galerie des Cotelle, at the north wing of the Grand Trianon. In 1688 the king ask for 25 drawings of 1,39 meters by 2,and shown at this gallery. Done by the Jean Cotelle, the young. They show forest or gardens that today are no longer, but were, such as the Bosquet dy Labyrinthe,bosquet de l’Arc de Triomphe, Bosquet du Théatre d’Eau, and the bosquet du Marais de Mme de Montespan. They were re installed later by Louis-Philippe and do not are shown inside the castle until 1913, in memory of François Francine, a great gardener influential in Versailles the same as André Le Notre.
We come out again, in my game, to the fountain of L’Enfant au Carquois at the garden, by the old garden of the king on the north wing, a fountain with shells,and the only of its kind in France at the théatre d’eau one of the most famous gardens of Louis XIV done by Andre Le Notre between 1671-1673. You can see the other two element of this triology at the National Gallery of Washington DC USA. We go back in to the chambre de l’empereur or emperor’s bedroom, at the petit appartement of the Emperor at the north wing. This was the personal bedroom of Napoleon Ier, he has five rooms such as the antiroom,personal office,bathroom,bedroom,and breakfast room. They were decorated and setup between 1805-1807 by the best artists of the time. Even after the divorce with Josephine the colors and decorations stay. Napoleon could see the castle from the Grand Trianon and only the abdication in 1814 stops receiving the entire imperial family at the Grand Trianon. The emperor’s office finish in 1812 is the only room completely decorated to his tastes.
Inside by the middle wing, you will find the Boudoir de l’Emperatrice Marie-Louise. In 1805 the emperor has done it for his mother but never use it, and in turn was given to his new wife in 1810. Marie Louise is the daughter of the niece of Marie Antoinette! We stay inside to go to the Vasque aux malachites, done on 1807-1809 at the salon des malachites in the north wing. This is a huge table cover given as a present by the tzar Alexander 1er to Napoleon Ier for the alliance of Tilsit in 1802. A huge gift as the malachite is a precious stone only found in Siberia!
We continue our walk inside to see the bed or lit de la chambre de l’imperatrice, done in 1809, at the south wing. The bed was ordered b Napoleon Ier before been use by Louis XVIII in 1824; It was Louis Philippe who brought back to the castle to show the legimate claim by the Orleans side of the royals to the claim of the kingdom of France. Worth mentioning that he voted for the execution of Louix XVI being a Bourbon in 1793, and his wife Marie-Amelie de Bourbon-Sicily was the niece of Louis XVI!!! cousin of Louis XVII and of the Emperatrice Marie Louise. He Louis Philippe took the throne after replacing Louis XIX that ruled for only 20 minutes ! It was here in the Grand Trianon in 1830 that he took over after firing all the ministers. In his favor, in 1837 he declare the Domaine de Versailles for the Glory of France, a museum!!! so saving it from demolition and allow us to see the beauty we see today.
We move a more recent historical room, Bureau du Général de Gaulle, or his office. apartements of the Presidency in the wing of the Trianon under woods, or sous bois. In the extreme north of the Grand Trianon, you find this room ,redone since 1962 ,and not well known to the public. It was redone after Napoleon III left it; and given to the chief of State. He was used for receptions and welcome of dignataries visiting France. This events were terminated by Jacques Chirac that from March 29 1999 returned it to the castle to show as museum piece to the public.
It was the place of residence or stay of several French Royal figures or foreign, including Louis XIV, Pierre I of Russia or even Marie Leszczy¨½ska, wife of Louis XV. More recently general de Gaulle, or foreign heads of State official visit to France, as the U.S. president Richard Nixon in 1969, have stayed there or the Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II in 1972.
In addition to Chateau webpage here, see the city of Versailles tourist office info in English here
I did not expect to find at the Grand Trianon a page of the history of my country in this “Room of the Queen of Belgium” i.e. Louise d'Orleans, the daughter of the French king Louis-Philippe, who married in 1832 Leopold I of Saxe-Cobourg-Gotha, first king of Belgium.
He had been married in 1816 with the princess of Wales Charlotte-Augusta, the only child of the future king George IV of the United Kingdom. But the princess died at the age of 21 leaving Leopold inconsolable.
The marriage with Louise of Orleans had political reasons, France having defended the new Kingdom of Belgium against Holland. From this marriage were born four children of which Leopold II second king of Belgium. Louise died also very young at the age of 38.
The room which one sees in the Grand Trianon was in the beginning a room and a cabinet of Louis XIV. Louis XV joined the two parts together to make a dining room. Louis-Philippe had it arranged for his daughter Louise and her husband Leopold though they usually resided in the Palace of Laeken, Brussels.
Furniture and decoration are of this time (1840-46). The two beautiful chests of drawers and the console in marquetry of Boulle are of the Versailles cabinetmaker Masson. The chandelier is remarkable and still today reproductions are proposed.
Je ne m'attendais pas de trouver au Grand Trianon une page de l'histoire de mon pays en cette "chambre de la Reine des Belges" c'est-à-dire Louise d’Orléans, la fille du roi de France Louis-Philippe qui épousa en 1832 Léopold I de Saxe-Cobourg-Gotha, premier roi des Belges.
Celui-ci avait été marié en 1816 à la princesse de Galles Charlotte-Augusta, le seul enfant du futur roi George IV du Royaume-Uni. Mais la princesse dont Léopold était fort épris mourut à 21 ans laissant celui-ci inconsolable.
Le mariage avec Louise d'Orléans avait des raisons politiques, la France ayant défendu le nouveau royaume de Belgique contre la Hollande. De ce mariage naquirent quatre enfants dont Léopold II second roi des Belges. Louise mourut elle aussi jeune à l'âge de 38 ans.
La chambre que l'on voit au Grand Trianon était à l'origine une chambre et un cabinet de Louis XIV. Louis XV réunit les deux pièces pour en faire une salle à manger. Louis-Philippe la fit aménager pour sa fille Louise et son époux quoique ceux-ci résidaient habituellement au Palais de Laeken, Bruxelles.
Le mobilier et la décoration sont de cette époque (1840-46). Les deux belles commodes et la console en marqueterie de Boulle sont de l'ébéniste Versaillais Masson. Le lustre est remarquable et encore aujourd'hui on en propose des reproductions.
I always liked malachite (hydrated copper carbonate if my mineralogy souvenirs are right), it is thus with great pleasure that I discovered this “Salon des Malachites” in the right wing (room n° 13) of the Grand Trianon.
In the beginning it was the “Cabinet of Sunset” of Louis XIV, then the bedroom of the duchess of Burgundy and finally the drawing-room of emperor Napoleon I.
The blocks of malachite, extracted of the Ural Mountains, were offered to Napoleon by the tsar Alexander I after the signature of the treaty of Tilsitt. It should be known that at the time malachite was a Russian speciality. There is at the Palace of St-Petersburg another famous malachite room.
The furniture elements with malachite were created by Percier and realised by Jacob-Desmalter in 1809. The basin, the candelabra and the pieces of furniture with malachite top were initially at the Palais des Tuileries before they were moved to decorate this room of the Grand Trianon.
The remainder of the furniture of the room is decorated with fabrics of red colour what causes a seizing contrast with the green malachite.
Salon des Malachites.
J'ai toujours aimé la malachite (carbonate de cuivre hydraté si mes souvenirs du cours de minéralogie sont bons) c'est donc avec grand plaisir que j'ai découvert ce "salon des malachites" dans l'aile droite (salon n° 13) du Grand Trianon.
A l'origine c'était le "Cabinet du Couchant" sous Louis XIV, puis la chambre de la duchesse de Bourgogne et enfin la salon de l'empereur Napoléon sous lequel furent créés par Percier et réalisées par Jacob-Desmalter en 1809 les pièces de mobilier en malachite.
Les blocs de malachite, extrait des monts Oural, furent offerts à Napoléon par le tsar Alexandre I après la signature du traité de Tilsitt. Il faut savoir qu'à l'époque la malachite était une spécialité russe. Il y a au Palais de St-Petersbourg un autre célèbre salon de malachite.
La vasque, les candélabres et les meubles à dessus de malachite se trouvèrent d'abord au Palais des Tuileries avant d'orner ce salon du Grand Trianon.
Le reste du mobilier du salon est orné des tissus à couleur rouge ce qui provoque un saisissant contraste avec le vert de la malachite.
This very beautiful gallery, 52 m length and 7 m broad, ends the right wing of the Grand Trianon palace and leads towards Trianon - sous-Bois (not visited).
The building shelters the flower beds of the northern wind.
The gallery contains the collection of 21 paintings of the painter Jean Cotelle carried out about 1690 at the request of the King Louis XIV. These paintings describe the gardens of Trianon and Versailles such as they were at the time of the king.
They are historical documents which served for the recent restoration of the gardens of Versailles.
They were replaced by other paintings under Napoleon but found again their place in the gallery in 1913.
Remarkable are also the 5 Empire crystal chandeliers with 24 lights which come from the crystal manufacture of Montcenis.
In the niches there are sculptures of Lespingola representing children.
Louis-Philippe transformed the gallery into dining room.
This use of this beautiful gallery is still actual. The Cotelle Gallery can be rented for private events and can contain 200 people.
This would be a fine place for a next international VT meeting on condition of finding a very generous sponsor!
Cette très belle galerie, 52 m de long et 7 m de large, termine l'aile droite du palais de Trianon et conduit vers le Trianon-sous-Bois (ne se visite pas).
Elle sert aussi à abriter les parterres de fleurs du vent du nord.
Elle contient la suite de 21 tableaux du peintre Jean Cotelle exécutés vers 1690 à la demande du Roi Louis XIV. Ces tableaux décrivent les jardins - les bosquets - de Trianon et Versailles tels qu'ils étaient du temps du Roi Soleil.
Ce sont des documents historiques qui on servi lors de la restauration des jardins de Versailles.
Ils furent remplacés par d'autres tableaux sous Napoléon mais retrouvèrent leur place dans la galerie en 1913.
Remarquables sont aussi les 5 lustres Empire à 24 lumières qui proviennent des cristalleries du Montcenis. Dans les niches se trouvent des sculptures de Lespingola représentant des enfants.
Louis-Philippe transforma la galerie en salle à manger.
C'est un usage que cette très belle galerie connaît encore aujourd'hui lorsqu'on y organise des "évènements". Elle se loue régulièrement pour des évènements privés et peut contenir 200 personnes.
The family living room of king Louis-Philippe is one of my preferred rooms of the right wing of the Grand Trianon. In the beginning there were two rooms, a bedroom and an anteroom of the first apartment of Louis XIV. Under Napoleon I these were the Officers room and the Princes room.
King Louis-Philippe joined the two rooms into a living room intended for the meetings of the royal family and their guests.
Paintings on mythological subjects date from the end of the 17th century.
The furniture was made by Brion and Jacob-Desmalter. The princesses could arrange their needlework in numbered drawers of the family work-tables.
It is a very beautiful, very clear living room with beautiful harmonies of colours.
Le salon de famille du roi Louis-Philippe est une de mes pièces préférées de l'aile droite du Grand Trianon. A l'origine il s'agissait de deux pièces, chambre et antichambre du premier appartement de Louis XIV. Sous Napoléon I c'étaient les Salons des Officiers et des Princes.
Le roi Louis-Philippe réunit les deux pièces pour en faire un salon double destiné aux réunions de la famille royale et ses invités.
Les peintures à sujets mythologiques datent de la fin du 17e siècle.
Le mobilier est de Brion et de Jacob-Desmalter. Les princesses pouvaient ranger leurs travaux d'aiguilles dans des tiroirs numérotés.
C'est un très beau salon très clair aux belles harmonies de couleurs.
If you walk the 30 minutes or so to get to the Grand Trianon, you will be rewarded with a view of the king's private residence away from the court life at the Palace. It was built in 1867 for Louis XIV and in the years after his grandson Louis XVI got his head lopped off in the French Revolution, it also became a favorite residence of Napoleon and even later in the 1960s for French President Charles DeGaulle.
The name Trianon comes from the village that the Sun King purchased and demolished for his retreat from the formality and oppression of the Palace, I find it sort of odd that the King needed an escape from his own Palace, he was king after all, couldn't he have just banished all the leeches and changed the rules not to his liking?
The apartments retained their Louis XIV decoration, but were the furnishings were removed during the French Revolution and are currently furnished as they were when Napoleon resided there.
These people really loved their mirrors. This large private room, was part of Louis XIV's second apartment. Later it was occupied by the Grand Dauphin. The Empress study with some of her furniture are still in place here. Very grandious.
Just before I ended the non guided tour I learned from a guard that all the rooms that I visited have kept their mural decoration dating from the time of Louis XIV, with finely carved wood panelling, painted in white and ungilded, as well as decorative paintings. It has been refurnished as it was during the First Empire, except for a few pieces dating from the time of Louis-Philippe.
After that interesting history lesson I continued towards the ornamental and flower gardens. It's quite another formal garden, which was built on the site of a former village. Set in the midst of a lush garden, its primary lavishness was floral flowerbeds and they were changed daily, orange trees were planted in the ground, jasmine covered the bowers. Beautiful!
Finally it's good to remember that I read that the Grand Trianon was brought back to life again thanks to a decision taken by General de Gualle. Important renovations were undertaken in 1962 - 1965.
Because of the "Passeport" (A ticket for non guided visits for the entire day) I was able to enter the Grand Trianon rather easily. I saw that this building with its Italianate architecture has merely a ground flooor, covered with a flat roof hidden by a balustrade. Pink Languedoc marble pilasters punctuate the facades. The palace consits of two wings joined together by a peristyle adorned with columns through which I could catch a glimpse of the ornamental and flower gardens.
Once inside I followed the non guided tour (green signs). Most of all I was impressed by the Mirror Room (sorry ... no picture because of a guard!). But this large room used to be the Empress's study and still has some of its original furniture in place. The tour was a followed:
Louis XIV's Bedchamber - bedchamber and 2nd drawing-room of the Empress;
Chapel Room - Empress's first drawing-room;
Lords Room - the King's antechamber;
Peristyle - chamber with view at the courtyard side;
Round Room - sitting room for ushers attending the Emperor;
Family Drawing-Room - formerly a theatre;
Music Room - antechamber of Louis XIV;
Malachite Room - bedroom of the Duchesse de Bourgogne;
Cool Room - large private room of the Duchesse de Bourgogne;
Spring Room - Emperor's map room;
Cotelle Galaery - Large room with painted views of Versailles and the Grand Trianon.
To be honest ... this is why I wanted to visit the Estate of Versailles -> Marie-Antoinette's Estate. It has always facinated me why she had this particular spot all to herself at this beautiful estate.
So off I went for a hike toward the first section, the Grand Trianon, which was erected in 1687 - 1688 by the architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart to provide Louis XIV with a retreat at the far end of the park at Versailles, far from the constraints of power and the crowd of courtiers. It could be reached by boat along the Grand Canal, and it replaced a "Pavillon d'agrément" used to take refreshments, which had been built on the same spot by Louis Le Vau in 1670. As it was then covered with blue and white porcelain, it was called the Porcelain Trianon.
I was really surprised by the fact that I seemed to be the only one undertaking this journey. The 30 minute hike towards the Grand Trianon was a solo one, but beautiful and I entered the gate of the Grand Trianon with really nobody in sight. Where was everybody?
The Grand Trianon was erected in 1687 - 1688 by the architect Jules Hardouin-Mansart to provide Louis XIV with a retreat at the far end of the park at Versailles, far from the constraints of power and the crowd of courtiers. You can also reach it by boat via the Grand Canal.
The building with its Italian architecture has merely a ground floor, covered with a flat roof hidden by balustrades. Pink Lanquedoc marble plasters punctuate the facades. The Palace consist of two wings joined together by a peristyle adorned with columns through which one can catch a glimse of the ornamental and flower gardens.
Round the corner from the Petite Trianon is the pink Italiante Grand Trianon. It was designed in 1687 by Hardouin-Mansart with the intention of being used as a "country retreat" by Louis XIV. Beautiful gardens lie behind it and it now seemed to house an art exhibit although we didn't venture inside
In the 19C, the Empress lived in the left wing. This is clearly seen in the the bedroom decor. Immediately adjacent is the mirrored drawing room (Salon des Glaces). (I hope I have all of the rooms correctly identified; my notes were washed away by Katrina.Can anyone confirm?).