History/Histoire religious, Toulouse

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  • Le cloitre des Jacobins
    Le cloitre des Jacobins
    by Klod5
  • Les Jacobins et la Garonne
    Les Jacobins et la Garonne
    by Klod5
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    Le cloitre des Jacobins

    by Klod5 Updated Feb 7, 2004

    2.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    Le cloitre des Jacobins

    Favorite thing: Apres la Revolution Francaise, en 1812, suite a la suppression, en 1790, des communautes religieuses, et aux requisitions militaires, l'enclos des Jacobins est transforme en quartier d'artillerie. L'espace interieur est transforme par deux planchers qui mutilent les grandes ouvertures. Le rez de chaussee est utilise pour les chevaux... le refectoire comme manege et la chapelle Saint-Antonin devient l'infirmerie veterinaire.
    Les jacobins sont inscrit au repertoire des Monuments Historiques (le patrimoine immobilier inalienable de la France) en 1841. Les protestations de Merimee, Montalembert et Viollet-le-Duc au debut du XX siecle, sortent le monument de l'oubli et des travaux de sauvetage (plus que de restauration) sont entrepris :
    - le clocher de 4 etages en 1905
    - nettoyage et deblaiement de 1912 a 1920
    - reouverture des 5 fenetres de l'abside en 1923 ou 1928 ?
    - restauration de la nef de 1951 a 1964
    - restauration des chapelles a la meme periode
    - restauration complete du cloitre de 1960 a 1970
    - puis refection de la salle capitulaire, de la chapelle Saint-Antonin, reconstruction du portail meridional, et enfin renovation du grand refectoire, terminee il y a une dizaine d'annees, et ou sont desormais presentees des expositions itinerantes.
    Pendant toute mon enfance j'ai connu ce batiment en travaux, et je n'ai pu le decouvrir qu'il y a une quinzaine d'annees.

    Avec leurs hauts murs de brique nue, leurs arcs bandes entre les contreforts, les Jacobins sont un exemple acheve de l'eglise meridionale.
    Le portail occidental est d'esprit roman (1230-1235).

    Fondest memory: After the Revolution French, in 1812, continuation has the suppression, in 1790, of the religious communities, and to the military requisitions, the enclosure of the Jacobins (Dominican friars) is transformed in district of artillery. The interior space is transformed by two floors that mutilate the big openings. The first floor is used for the horses... the refectory like merry-go-round and the Saint-Antonin chapel becomes the veterinary infirmary.
    The Jacobins are registered to the Historic Monument index (the inalienable real estate heritage of France) in 1841. The protests of Merimee, Montalembert and Viollet-Le-Duc in the beginning of the XX century, leave the monument of the oblivion and the works of lifesaving (more that of restoration) are undertaken:
    - the bell-tower of 4 floors in 1905
    - cleaning and clearance of 1912 has 1920
    - reopening of the 5 windows of the apse in 1923 or 1928 ?
    - restoration of the nave of 1951 has 1964
    - restoration of the chapels has the same period
    - complete restoration of the cloister of 1960 has 1970
    - then repairing of the capitular room, of the Saint-Antonin chapel, reconstruction of the southern portal, and finally renovation of the big refectory, finished has about ten years, and or are presented henceforth of the roving exhibitions.
    During all my childhood I knew this building in works, and I could not discover it that about fifteen years ago.

    With their high walls of naked brick, their bows strips between the buttresses, the Jacobins are an example finished of the southern church.
    The western portal is of Romance mind (1230-1235).

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    La Garonne des Jacobins

    by Klod5 Written Feb 7, 2004

    2.5 out of 5 starsHelpfulness

    Les Jacobins et la Garonne

    Favorite thing: Ce n'est que vers la fin du XIII° ou au debut du XIV° siecle que l'ensemble connait son aspect actuel.
    Les malheurs des Jacobins commencent en 1234, lorsque le pape Gregoire IX, nomme Inquisiteur, Pons de Saint-Gilles, prieur du couvent, et quatre de ses freres. Ils allumeront le premier bucher de l'Inquisition la meme annee. De par leur comportement critiquable - delations, arrestations, interrogatoires, torture, proces, condamnations arbitraires - les conflits entre les Dominicains et le peuple, et aussi entre les Dominicains et les Capitouls amenent la population a expulser les freres precheurs en novembre 1235. Mais a la demande du pape Gregoire IX, ils reviendront deux ans plus tard, et l'inquisition et son lot de souffrances reprendront de plus belle.

    Fondest memory:
    It is only toward the end of the XIII° or in the beginning of the XIV° century that the whole knows its present aspect.
    The misfortunes of the Dominican friars begin in 1234, when the pope Gregoire IX, name Inquisitor, Pons of Saint-Gilles, prior of the convent, and four of his brothers. They will light the first stake of the Inquisition the same year. Of by their criticizable behavior - denouncements, arrests, cross-examinations, torture, suit, arbitrary condemnations - the conflicts between the Dominicans and the people, and also between the Dominicans and the Capitouls bring the population has expel the preachy brothers in November 1235. But has the demand of the pope Gregoire IX, they will come back two years later, and the inquisition and its share of sufferings will take more beautiful.

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    • Architecture
    • Historical Travel
    • Arts and Culture

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