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    Mur de Crinas

    by JLBG Written Dec 26, 2004

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    Favorite thing: In the "Jardin des Vestiges", besides the city wall and the two defense towers, there are the remains of a Roman Temple and of a potter's oven from a later period (early middle ages). The wall is called "mur de Crinas" (wall of Crinas), a physician from the city to whom the building of the wall is attributed. Following Pliny, Crinas, that lived at the time of Nero, "paid 6 millions of sesterces to build the wall of his city". Actually, that must have been to repair them as they actually already existed.

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    Roman highway

    by JLBG Written Dec 26, 2004

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    Favorite thing: The ancient paved road of the Greek city is between two towers. It passed under the "Porte d'Italie", the main entrance into the city. The wheels of carts have for so long run on these pavements that they have carved their way and that two ruts are clearly visible.

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    THE OLD PART OF THE CITY

    by LoriPori Written Dec 15, 2004

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    Favorite thing: The old part of the city is noted for its narrrow, winding streets. This old part was destroyed during World War ll. The modern city of Marseilles is built around the old district. It is surrounded by gills covered with vineyards.
    The city of Marseilles was founded by Greeks more than two thousand years ago.

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    Restauration and restoration

    by JLBG Written Dec 26, 2004

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    Favorite thing: The window of a Restaurant, close to the "Jardin des Vestiges" (garden of vestiges) and called with the same name bears a joke. They have written "à l'étage, salle de restauration", which means that at the first level, there is a restaurant room. But it can also refer to "restoration" (of antiques), written "restauration" in French !

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    Artemis polymast

    by JLBG Written Dec 26, 2004

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    Favorite thing: Though Marseille was founded by sailors coming from the antique Phocea, it was also strongly linked with more renown Ephese, dedicated to Artemis. The Temple of Artemis polymast (with several breasts) was in Ephese one of the seven marvels of the world. The Greek Marseille too had a temple to Artemis, the goddess for fertility.

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    The Mediterranean, VIth century BC

    by JLBG Written Dec 26, 2004

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    Favorite thing: In the museum, this map shows in green all the places that were under control or influence of the Greeks in the VIth century BC. In pale brown places under the control of the Phoenicians and in red what was under control of the Etrusques. The Greeks were by far the main rulers of the Mediterranean area.

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  • Kuznetsov_Sergey's Profile Photo

    Marseilles - History

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Written Jun 21, 2006

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    Favorite thing: Xth century - King Conrad the Peaceful granted Arlulfe sovereign rights over the region of Trets. Arlulfe was to be the ancestor of a line of Marseilles Viscounts who governed until the 12th century.
    XIIth century the Republic of Marseilles - Marseilles was governed according to its own legislation which was gathered in five volumes to form a code of statutes for the city. Power was in the hands of a Council of twelve rectors. In 1221, the population appointed a Podesta, a magistrate specialised in municipal administration. Marseilles issued its own money. 1246 –1343 Marseilles united to the Kingdom of Anjou
    Charles d'Anjou, who became the Count of Marseilles through his marriage to Beatrice, pursued a policy of annexations. After surviving many intrigues Marseilles finally had to submit. The city lost its commercial independence but retained certain legal and economic privileges.

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    Marseille - History III

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Written Jun 21, 2006

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    Favorite thing: HENRI IV of FRANCE - Marseilles was declared a free port. It prospered and grew in spite of many political disputes.
    1720 - The city was stricken by the worst plague in its history during which 38,000 of its population died.
    1789 The French Revolution and Marseilles. - A battalion of voluntary patriots was sent to Paris. They sang Roget de 1'Isle's hymn written for the Rhine Army. This was to retain their name, the Marseillaise, and be adopted as the national anthem. It was during the Second Empire that Marseilles took on its present day form with the building of the rue Imperiale, now called the rue de la Republique and the erection of splendid monuments, Longchamps Palace, the Stock Exchange, Pharo Palace, etc., which until then had been absent from the city. The Second Empire was the period during which the city took on a more "bourgeois" appearance. Nevertheless, the visitor to Marsilles will doubtless be struck by the absence of splendid middle-class town houses or monuments dating from the prosperous periods in the city's history. This can be partly explained by the fact that the middle-classes were primarily business people, mainly involved in trade. Tacitus, a historian and moralist living during the Roman era, had already mentioned the lack of monuments and observed that this was also the case in Phocaea, Marseilles' founding city.

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    The Greco-Roman harbor, 2,000 years ago

    by JLBG Written Dec 26, 2004

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    Favorite thing: This small scale model, on display in the Musée d'Histoire de Marseille, represents the harbor of Marseille as it was 2,000 years ago. It has been built following what remains today and that was unearthed after 1967, when diggings were performed behind the "Bourse" in order to build a subterranean parking.

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    Dolphin mosaic

    by JLBG Written Dec 26, 2004

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    Favorite thing: A mosaic representing a dolphin is on display in the Museum. It had been found during diggings around the old harbor of Marseille. The dolphin is often represented on mosaics all around the Mediterranean. There are several examples in Italy, in Greece, in Tunisia for example.

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    Marseilles - History II

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Updated Jun 21, 2006

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    Favorite thing: 1481 Marseilles and Provence are united to the Kingdom of France
    On his death bed, Charles II dictated his will by which he left Provence to Louis XI. This meant that the city was absorbed into the Kingdom of France. However, this union, which had been much sought after by the trading community, who saw the advantages in abolishing the frontiers which isolated them from the fairs in Lyons, did not bring peace. An arsenal was built and a fleet of warships had to be reconstituted. Marseilles was to prove its allegiance to the monarchy.
    In 1516 Francois I visited the city which received him with much pomp and ceremony. Miranda, the King's commissioner, had the city's ramparts reconstructed.
    The Chateau d’If was built to defend the bay from marauders.
    In 1535, Francois I formed an allegiance with the enemies of Christianity, the Turks. This treaty gave Marseilles a major role in trade with the East. At the same time as it expanded as a trading centre, Marseilles also developed as a naval base.

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    The Greco-Roman harbor today

    by JLBG Written Dec 26, 2004

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    Favorite thing: Inside the Musée d'Histoire de Marseille (museum of history of Marseille), in the "Jardin des Vestiges" (Garden of remains), the wall across the picture was the main quay of the harbor and the lawn is instead of the seawater. It dates back to the Ist century AD. It began soon to silt up and at the end of the Vth century, was completely full. Check with the small scale model on the previous picture.

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    Marseille - History IV

    by Kuznetsov_Sergey Written Jun 21, 2006

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    Favorite thing: During the Second World War Marseilles was bombarded several times and some districts around the Vieux Port were destroyed.
    Today Marseilles still keeps traces of its tumultuous past: in turn free and then dominated, rich and poor, crucible of different cultures, this ancient city with its origins dating from the beginnings of European history, is a modern, attractive and bustling city. Marseilles has a powerful charm which encourages the visitor to stroll through its old districts around the Vieux Port, in the gardens of its recently revealed Phocaean remains or those of Longchamps Palace and, of course, on the esplanade of Notre Dame de la Garde Cathedral overlooking the city.

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    Musée d'Histoire de Marseille

    by JLBG Updated Feb 18, 2005

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    Favorite thing: The Musée d'Histoire de Marseille is a must visit if you want to better know how the city has evolved along the ages. It is close to the Canebière Avenue and behind the "Bourse de Commerce". I cannot remember the fee but it is low and free over 60 years old.

    The ticket allows to visit not only the museum but also the "Jardin des vestiges" (all the following general tips)

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    The Jardin des Vestiges

    by JLBG Written Dec 26, 2004

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    Favorite thing: The quays were made of material taken from previous Greek buildings. Remains of the Roman city walls can still be seen. The "Jardin des Vestiges" have been arranged as a pleasant and peaceful place where to wander, close to the busy Canebière.

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