I agree with buying your Lander ticket( see www.bahn.de german rail site) at the airport as it is valid on the s-bahn as stated.
The local Garmisch bus website is www.rvo-bus.de, click on Fahrpln®ions,then zugriffe auf rund fahrplan region oberbayern,next click ,mehr then bitte wahlen sie drop down menu click on garmisch,then starten this should give you the routes and route numbers in the line below Garmisch enter the route number to access the timetable.
We used the bus from garmisch to go to Mittenwald and oberammergau in august
I know it sounds risky, however, unlike my experience in Italy - renting a car in Germany is efficient, easy and saves a lot of time and stress. We traveled from Munich to Garmisch and around all of Bavaria within just a couple of days and never, not once, had a problem. Easy to read maps (supplied by the rental company) and pretty straightforward signage makes driving here very painless.
For anyone staying in Garmisch the hotel will provide a Kurcard which gives free travel on the local green buses. There is a limited service that has two routes that cross the town. Lines 1&2 cover the route from the Kainzenbad (Swimming Pool), Hospital & Ski Stadium in the south east to the Kreuzeck cable car in the South west via a cirular route around the town. Note that some buses follow this route but only goes as far as Brietenau. Lines 4&5 provide a circular route to Farchant in the north. Some of these buses do a clockwise route whilst the others go anti- clockwise. Check to see which one is best for your journey to avoid an unnecessary trip around town. Services are approximately half hourly and all buses go to the railway station and Marienplatz. The buses run all day but stop around 2130-2200. If you are just a day visitor the fare is 1Euro. It's a good way of getting to the outskirts of town or getting back into town if your walks end up by the routes.
A separate bus route is provided by the blue Eibsee bus but this is not subject to free travel and costs about 4 Euros to get to Eibsee for the Zugspitze cable car or a walk around the lake. The service is hourly and takes about 30 minutes. The last bus back is about 2030.
Garmisch-Partenkirchen has a major railway station serving all kinds of trains from the basic regional snails to the fastest super-modern ICEs. You can take trains directly to places all over Germany, and a few destinations over the border in Austria. Direct ICE trains run to Munich, Hannover and Hamburg, IC trains to Stuttgart and Dortmund, and local trains to Innsbruck. It's possible to do day trips to or from Munich or Innsbruck, as they are only just over an hour away on the train.
At the time, we lived in the Stuttgart area, and thus had a car handy. I'm sure there are ways to get around the Garmisch area without one. However, we found it convenient to drive there and around the area.
See my warnings and dangers tip, though, regarding possible dangers to your vehicle while in the area.
I had been in Bavaria for almost two months, and I thought that I finally understood the whole train deal, so without looking at the bus schedual first, I bought a Bayern Ticket (21 euro allows you and four others unlimited travel in Bavaria between 9am and 3 am the next morning, as long as you use RE or RB trains, and the S-Bahn and U-Bahn in Munchen and Nurnberg, but as it turns out, the busses are not included). So, Beth and I took the train from Oberammergau to Murnau, and then from Murnau to Garmish, got to Garmish after 1.5 hours, and decided that we would try to walk to the mountian cable car place (the Wank Bahn!), which we did sucussfully.
Unfortunately, what we failed to notice until we realized that we were going to be late to go to our festival and ran through the whole town of Garmish because we were turned away from the bus that went from the mountian to the trainstation (Bayern Tickt not good), that we could have bought round trip bus ticket to the mountian from Oberammergau for less than 6 Euro each, and it was a 45 minute ride. Live and learn, I guess.
The bottem line: don't forget that the Bus System in Germany Rocks as much as the Train System. Public busses are really nice compared to US standards. Remember that sometimes the Bus can be quicker and cheaper, expecially for travel to and from smaller cities and towns.
Undoubtedly the quickest way to get to Garmisch-P. is via the autobahn from Munich or Innsbruck. The town is 88km from Munich and it takes about 45minutes driving on the A-95 depending on the weather conditions and how fast your car goes! It takes a little longer to get to Innsbruck by car. The roads are very curvy and steep (but what views!) and it is quite common to get stuck behind slow-moving trucks.
Ga-P is connected to both Innsbruck and Munich by train and you must go to either large city to transfer to further connections. It takes around 1hr 30min either way. Trains leave hourly, sometimes more frequently, for both destinations. Beware of travelling during the school-time rushes (morning and noontime) or you might be sharing a car with a bunch of loud schoolchildren.
If you are travelling around Bavaria for the day and are in a group of up to five people, it is economical to purchase the Bayern Pass at 22E. It affords ulimited travel within Bavaria (and includes Salzburg, Austria) during weekdays, from 9AM to 3AM of the next day. There is also a different pass for the weekend.
One of the best ways to go to Garmisch-Partenkirchen is by using the efficient german railway.
A weekend ticket was then cheap. I unfortunately do not know the current price.
Besides, you can enjoy a 1,5 hour trip with the most beautiful landscapes in the southern Germany.
This was the most dramatic cable car I've ever taken. Getting to the Zugspitze summit required several different modes of transportation, one of them being a kind of rack-railway with long tunnels that bored through thousands of feet of mountain rock. That part of the journey was pretty amazing in itself. But for a person from Kansas, nothing can exceed the excitement and thrill of a cable car hundreds of feet above the snow and ice of an Alp.
We took the train down to Garmisch-Partenkirchen from Munich. It was less than an hour, rollings through mostly wooded terrain, with the excitement of getting closer and closer to the imposing mountains.
Transportation to the skijumping is a nightmare. Whoever said that Germans are very organised lied, they are a disaster in organisation. No extra busses from the railway station to the stadium, traffic chaos on the way back and - even worse - after there finally was a bus who brought us to the event the driver wanted to charge everybody 1 Euro. It would have taken ages to collect the money so we all passed by without paying and he looked silly!
They have a very nice arrangement in Garmish. If you stay at a B&B or hotel, you will be given a free busticket that you can use for the duration of your stay
If you are staying at a B&B, hotel or pension, check with the landlady or reception about the local bus ticket they should give you. It allows free travel for visitors within Garmish. Very neat.
For 27 euros you can get a Bavarian dayticket for up to 5 people travelling together. That means you can travel to Salzburg, Munich, Garmish, Nurnberg.. Yea, all over the place. A good deal!