Parts of the old town wall are still left and you find several towers and gates in Memmingen. For example there’s the Grimmelturm from 1445 (Grimmel tower, after the patrician family Grimmel), also called Schwalbenschwanzturm (dove tail tower, as the battlement looks like dove tails). Also, we came across the Hexenturm (witch tower), which was used as prison. The lower part is from the foundation of the town, i.e. about 1150, and it was heighten in the 15th century. The third tower or rather gate that we passed is the Ulmer Tor or Äußeres Niedergassen-Tor which was built around 1440.
Memmingen is located on the old salt-route that went from Bad Reichenhall to the Switzerland. So there had been several salt-cellars, like the long building in the street that is fittingly called Salzstraße – salt street. Salt trade used to be an important source of income for the town.
The “Frauenkirche” was built in the 15th century, with the tower being from an earlier building from the 14th century. It’s a Lutheran church, but was used simultaneously by Protestants and Catholics in the time from 1565 until 1804. There’s a remarkable fresco on the tower wall inside the church, that dates from the early 16th century. And if you wonder why there’s an unicorn status in front of the church, then take a closer look at that fresco and search for the unicorn!
What I also found interesting were the backrest of the benches that could be changed in either direction, as there’s an altar in the middle of the church (I’d say it’s rather a simple table) and another altar at the eastern end which dates from 1859.
The “Siebendächerhaus” is one of the town’s landmarks and is a very interesting sight with its 7 roofs. It was built 1601 and was used by the tanners. This interesting design of the roof did allow the ventilation of several attics to dry the leather. In 1945, the building was badly damaged by bombs and was rebuild afterwards.
On the square “Weinmarkt”, you’ll find many buildings from the various guilds. There had been 11 guilds in Memmingen, and a notable one was the retailers’ guild. That was the guild of those merchants who were restricted to sell their wares within the town walls.
In the buildings of that guild, an important historical event took place: during the German Peasant’s War, about 50 representatives of the peasants did meet there in March 1525 and created the “12 Articles”. These articles did contain demands for reforms and were printed and distributed in all over Germany. The articles are considered as first record of human rights in Europe.
This church is the former monastic church of the “Kreuzherrnkloster“, i.e. the monastery of the Order of the Holy Ghost. It was rebuilt after it did burn down 1477 and later was redesigned in baroque style. After the secularization, the church was desecrated in 1823, and now is used for exhibitions and concerts. You can visit it for free and have a look at the Wessobrunner stucco which makes that church really remarkable.
Open April to October, Tuesday to Sunday from 14:00 to 17:00, additionally Saturday from 10:00 to 12:30.
On the market square, you find several restaurants and cafés and many nice old buildings. One is the town hall which was built in 1589 but which facade dates from the 18th century. The building with the arcades is the “Steuerhaus” (tax house), with frescos from 1906/09 in Rococo style. And on the east side of the square, you’ll find the guild hall/ “Großzunft”. It was used for gatherings and ballroom of the patricians who formed their own guild, called “Großzunft”.
Whilst walking around Memmingen old town, I came across a water canal. I decided to follow it and passed by many old homes, some with frescoes. What I liked was the little arched bridge, with the flower boxes on the side, it was rather pretty!
The Kramer Guild is named after the wealthy Kamer merchants. It was established for the merchants, who were allowed to sell their goods within the city walls. The 1st declaration of human rights was written in this building in 1525. Painted pink, it has stucco around the windows and a fresco with something written in German underneath.
Also located in the Market Square is another beautiful building......The Rathaus [city hall]
This very attractive, rococo style building, was painted a light shade of grey, and had flower boxes under every window and stucco above the windows. It had three entrances, a gate and two doors that you can see in the photo. The lower part of the House is painted in dark grey, and above the gate, we could see the Clock.
In 1589, the gold-plated coat of arms of the Privy Council and the imperial city were attached.
We have entered the Market Square in Memmingen, and what do we see, but the beautifully painted Steuerhaus. Built between the years 1495-1496, it is where people went and paid their taxes. It is said to be paid for from the wealth of salt!
It's a lovely building with many frescoe's which were added in the early 1900's, Arches and outdoor seating.
Located around the Town walls is a lawned, garden area which used to be a Moat used for defence.
Near the Westertor, was a parking area and a very nice villa, named "Villa Eurphoria"
It is a Restaurant that opens at 5pm. The location is 1 Buxacher Strasse.
Memmingen is another German town, with a gate to enter the old historic Town.
This, I thought, looks interesting, and so I entered the Town through the Westertor gate. Something you must do in Town's like this, is just wander around, and follow your nose, just like I did!
So, come with me for a virtual walk around Memmingen.
First, let me tell you about the interesting, looking Gate Tower we are passing through. We are very lucky that it's still here, as when the 30 year War was on, some parts were destroyed.
Since then, it was reconstructed and has an octagonal dome. It now is used to connect the city with the western city limits.
The "Church of our Lady" owes its current form to the late Gothic movement. The interior frescos from 15ht Century, the work of Hans Strigel the younger, are some of the most
significant of their kind in southern Germany. The frauenkirche was used "simultaneously" by both the Catholics and the Protestants from the time of the reformation until 1803.
We loved the Zollergarten and spend quite some time here, just relaxing and enjoying the beauty of it. This once private garden belonged to the family Zoller, the zollergarten is a green gem, planted on the site of the filled in town-moat, whithin the oldest remains of the town-wall