King of Bavaria, Ludwig II., grew up in Hohenschwangau castle and when he was king he decided to rebuilt the castle next to it. As he loved the old times he wanted the castle to look like a knights' castle. And as he loved the old German myths he wanted to have some parts to look like they were from Tannhäuser or Lohengrin operas. And they built him a fairytale castle.
Schloss Neuschwanstein is a 10 minute drive away from Fuessen, a charming little town in Allgäu. From Munich you should plan to spend a whole day in this area. Not only because of the castle but also because of the fantastic scenery of lakes, hills and mountains.
Read more about our stay here on my Schloss Neuschwanstein Page
In Fussen: Hohenschwangau Castle - Built By Maximillian The Second (King Ludwig's Father) between 1832 And 1836 (On The Ruins Of The Much Earlier Fortress Schwanstein). Castle Hohenschwangau Has The Neo-Gothic Look Of An English Castle. It Has Several Fanciful Rooms Which No Doubt Inspired Young Ludwig. The Castle Is About A Five Minute Walk From The Car Park.
After you leave Showgau I recommend you continue on the Fussen. Fussen is a cute little town that I definately worth a few hours. We had dinner in Fussen and then walked around and took some pictures.