Dachau - Concentration Camp, Munich

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  • Dachau - Concentration Camp
    by Sarakowloon
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    Purnishment Table
    by LoucoSP
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    Entrance
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  • travelfrosch's Profile Photo

    "Lieber Gott, mach' mich Stumm..."

    by travelfrosch Updated Jun 3, 2011

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    "... so ich nicht nach Dachau komm." (Dear God, make me mute, so I don't get sent to Dachau). So went a common child's prayer during Nazi times. You dared not say anything remotely controversial, because you didn't know which of your neighbors were Gestapo informers. Get denounced by an informer, and you won "Enemy of the State" status, and an all-expenses-paid, indefinite vacation to Dachau.

    It's important to note that Dachau was primarily a concentration camp, as opposed to a death camp like Auschwitz or Mauthausen. While many people died here, Dachau's purpose was not to exterminate Jews, but to stand as a tool of terror to keep ordinary Germans in line.

    Admission to the grounds and museum is free (though it costs EUR 3 to park a car). A trip here is certainly not enjoyable, but I strongly recommend you visit here once to get a taste of what a police state is really like.

    A final note for those overly-political folks who bandy about terms like "Nazi" and "Communist" to paint their political opponents: bear in mind that, if your opponents really were as horrible as your rhetoric paints them, you would probably be living in a place like this.

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    dachau

    by doug48 Updated Sep 20, 2008

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    work makes you free

    dachau is a quiet village twelve miles northwest of munich. because of the horrible excesses of the third reich this village will always be remembered for the concentration camp that bears it's name. dachau was one of three concentration camps set up in 1933. the other two camps were buchenwald in central germany and sachsenhausen in northern germany. pictured is the main gate to dachau with it's infamous sign "work makes you free". originally, dachau was set up to house political prisoners and "asocials", meaning homosexuals, jehovah's withnesses, gypsies, and jews. an interesting book on this subject is "death dealer", the memoirs of rudolph hoss. da capo press. hoss was a block leader at dachau before his transfer as the kommandant of auschwitz. dachau is a disturbing place to visit but historically significant. an important site to visit for the student of 20th century history.

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    dachau

    by doug48 Updated Sep 20, 2008

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    hanging poles, dachau

    pictured are concrete poles in front of the main admistration building of dachau concentration camp. these poles were used to publicly hang personers that broke camp rules. yet another example of the excesses of the nazi regime. to learn more about this infamous camp visit my dachau pages for a more complete history of the camp and the people that were interned and worked there.

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    dachau

    by doug48 Updated Sep 20, 2008

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    crematorium

    pictured is the crematorium and gas chamber building in dachau concentration camp. the gas chamber was experimental and very few prisoners were gassed there. due to an influx of russian prisoners of war after the invasion of the soviet union the sanitary conditions of the camp became deplorable and thousands of prisoners died of tyhus. this epidemic kept the ovens of the crematorium in constant use. to see before and after pictures of dachau visit www.thirdreichruins.com

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    The Concentration Camp at Dachau

    by Blatherwick Updated Apr 4, 2011

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    Gates at Dachau

    Arbeit Macht Frei - Work makes you free.

    These words can be found at the gates of a place where one of the greatest crimes of humanity started off.

    On March 21 1933, Heinrich Himmler ordered that a concentration camp be erected at Dachau. This was one of the first of the camps that would serve the Nazi's vicious campaign of genocide.

    Of the more than 200,000 prisoners who passed through the concentration camp until 1945, 32,000 died officially. Thousands of prisoners who were not registered lost their life at the Dachau concentration camp as well. They died of starvation, disease, exhaustion, degradation, from blows, and by torture; they were shot, hung, and killed by injections.

    In the course of the war, the Dachau concentration camp increasingly became a site of mass murder: from October 1941 many thousands of Soviet prisoners of war were brought to Dachau and shot. Other prisoners, condemned for execution on Gestapo orders, were transported to Dachau and executed.

    A large number of prisoners were abused by SS doctors for medical experiments; an unknown number of prisoners suffered agonizing deaths in the course of atmospheric pressure, hypothermia, malaria and many other experiments.

    Beginning in January 1942, more than 3,000 prisoners were sent to the mental home at Hartheim Castle near Linz on the so-called invalid transports and murdered with poison gas.

    The horror finally ended on April 29, 1945 when the US Army rolled into town and liberated the prisoners.

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    dachau

    by doug48 Updated Sep 20, 2008

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    jourhaus, dachau

    pictured is the jourhaus, (guard house) at the entrance to dachau concentration camp. over 200,000 people entered this camp and over 25,000 died there. a disturbing place to visit but a historically significant site.

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    Compulsory

    by nrjgray Updated Apr 4, 2011

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    Very moving. It is actually compulsory for German schoolkids to go to a concentration camp memorial during their education, and I can see why.

    I would recommend taking the long guided tour. These are in English every day (except Monday, when the memorial is closed) at 11:00 and additionally at 12:00 at weekends. It's only €3. You will get a lot of information that you won't get at the museum, plus the opportunity to ask questions. TIP: LOTS OF WALKING!!! (take comfortable trainers, not flip flops...)

    I arrived at 11:00, had a bit of a wander around, and watched the introduction video at 11:30. Did the English guided tour at 12:00, which lasted about 2 hours, and then spent another 3 hours wandering around. There is a LOT to see here.

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  • DirtyRudy's Profile Photo

    Dachau Concentration Camp

    by DirtyRudy Written Jul 11, 2004

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    Visiting the Dachau Concentration Camp was definitely a humbling experience for me. The whole camp is actually pretty large, but we went through it in a half-day. Getting an audio tour and reading all the information, however, can easily take the whole day. Possibly the most disturbing part was the Krematorium, where they burned the bodies of the dead.

    The picture I've posted says, "Arbeit Macht Frei". This is a replica of the original gate, but it means, "Work Sets One Free".

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    DACHAU, THE FIRST CONCENTRATION CAMP

    by kmohandas Updated Apr 4, 2011

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    The Camp Site
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    Dachau Concentration Camp, which was the first of it's kind to be set up during Nazi era, still evokes horror in the minds of many people. Even today, amidst the marvellous and prosperous city of Munich, it stands as a symbol of inhumanity. It was Heinrich Himmler, who was the Chief Of Munich Police then and one of Hitler's close Lieutenants, who announced the opening of this camp on 30 March, 1933.
    During the twelve years of Nazi regime, the camp has witnessed one of the most barbaric atrocities on fellow human beings which was not known to the outside world till the liberation of the camp by allied forces on 29 April' 1945.
    This international monument for the remembrance of the past dark era was created in 1968 in the original camp site. The exhibits include many orignal items and pictures of the actual camp.
    Tourists visiting Germany should include this monument as a part of their itenary to get a real glimpses into the dark era of human history. The munument is open from 9 to 5. Entry is free. Audio guide costs Euro 3/- per person. Guided tours in English are available on payment .

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    Dachau Concentration Camp

    by antistar Updated Dec 18, 2005

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    Dachau Concentration Camp, Munich
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    Another aspect of the sadder side of Munich's history is the Dachau Concentration Camp, the first of its kind in Germany and a template for the camps that sprouted up all over Nazi Europe during their reign. It wasn't a death camp, however, although thousands of people died there as a result of their internment. It also wasn't a camp designed specifically to hold Jewish prisoners, although plenty of Jewish people passed through its infamous gate, inscribed with the words that have passed down through history: "Arbeit Macht Frei" (Freedom through Labour).

    The Dachau prison camp was home to an eclectic bunch of prisoners from all over Europe. There were, among others, Polish priests, Austrian politicians, German resistance fighters, Ukrainian writers and Greek communists. Many thousands did not survive the experience, and their bodies were disposed of in the notorious cremation ovens. The original crematorium proved inadequate for the job, and so a larger more productive version was built to burn the bodies like an assembly line.

    A visit to Dachau isn't fun, and can be distressing at times, but is still very rewarding and informative. The excellent museum provides an encompassing view of life in the camp, through the stories of the victims, the kind of conditions they had to suffer, letters they wrote home, and many other gripping articles of the camp's history. Less than an hour wouldn't do the museum justice. It is a haunting experience, though, and my friend Luciano (of Jewish ancestry) couldn't bring himself to visit.

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    The dark history of the Nazis

    by SailorRoar Updated Dec 7, 2006

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    The enterance to the camp

    The camp has been turned into a memorial site, most of the barracks have been teared down, but two is still standing for the tourists to take a look. Behind them the concrete base for the rest of the barracs stands as a memory of how many prisoners was once here. In addition there is a museum, several memorial contructions for different religions and ethnical groups, and just outside the camp itself, it the execution spot, gas chamber and krematorium.

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    You Must See This.

    by taryn_treloar Updated Dec 27, 2003

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    Inside Dachau

    Going to Dachau Concentration Camp was a priority. I was not going to leave Germany before doing so. Besides it being -10 Celsius I would have liked to stay there for a long while to obtain a better understanding of what occurred in the premises not so long ago.

    Dachau is preserved as a memorial to the tens of thousands of people from over 34 nations who suffered and died at the hands of the Nazis between 1933 and 1945.

    A tour can be taken which explains the history and political circumstances that created Dachau as Nazi Germany's first concentration camp by Heinrich Himmler.

    The tour is conducted in English and lasts about three hours. The cost of the tour is 18 Euro including transportation.

    Please note the Travelogue below of the personal photos I took while in the Camp.

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    Dachau - Once experienced, never forgotten.

    by jimirving Written Mar 29, 2008

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    Remains of the the barbed wire fencing.
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    Please do not visit Munich without making the short journey out to Dachau.

    It is difficult not to be emotionally affected by the visit, especially the area of the camp where the people were gassed, hung and cremated in the furnaces.Standing in the exact spot where innocent human beings were killed left a sick feeling in the pit of my stomach.

    On arrival after getting off the bus, go left to the book sales area where you can pick up a written guide. We also went for an audio guide which was well worth it and very informative and adds to the experience.

    Allow half a day to get there and back and spend enough time to see the whole camp properly.

    There is a film show in the main building in English at 11.30. Harrowing but very well worth seeing.

    Please note the camp is closed on a Monday.It is open Apr-Oct 0900-1800 and Oct - Mar 10.00-1600.

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  • Dachau Concentration Camp

    by ashley1215 Written Feb 5, 2009

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    Memorial
    1 more image

    DON'T miss this opportunity. If you are in Munich, Dachau is so close that you shouldn't miss visiting it. It will take you about 40 minutes to get there from Haptbahnhof. We spent much more time there than expected. You can take the S-Bahn from Haptbahnhof train station (leaves every 20 minutes) S2 line direction Peter-Hausen. Get off at Dachau then hit the bus (number 724 or 726) that is right outside the train station, and ask the bus driver to tell you when to get off for Dachau Concentration Camp. There were a lot of school kids on the bus because we hit it in the afternoon. It is about 4 or 5 stops to the camp entrance. You will see a sign across the street when you get off the bus.
    The camp is free. We spent a lot of time in the museum reading about WWII and how something so astonishing could happen. I alloted 2 hrs there, but we ended up being rushed. The incinerators are the most sobering and they will be down one of the dirt roads to your left after entering the camp. The museum is to the right.

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    Dachau concentration camp

    by chancay Updated Oct 8, 2004

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    Main gate

    It is not easy for the citizens of Dachau that there really cute little city is always directly connected with this first concentration camp erected already 1933. Nowadays it is a memorial site that is worth to visit to get an impression of the atrocities that happened during the WWII. See the homepage to get more information.

    I want to add here again that the city of Dachau is another cosy place to visit and that Dachau is and was not only this horrible concentration camp.

    See here some more photos of the memorial site.

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Comments (1)

  • SherieS's Profile Photo
    Feb 1, 2014 at 8:11 PM

    i was 7 yrs old and my family visited Dachau at that tim in the early seventies it was still as it was during the war. although many have stated it wrong that our parents took us at such a young age, i have never forgotten it. we toured the entire faclity the gas chambers still stood and the bunkers and barracks. it was something i am greatful i was able to do. During history classes i was able to take pictures, brochures and my own memoreis. i think this has also helped me to be more tolerent and understanding in my life. we are all human and should be treated that way no matter of race or relegion. i thank my dad and mom for this lesson!!

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