This huge structure was started in 1664 and continuend to be expanded well into the 19th Century. It has been used constantly since by Bavarian and Hofburg royalty and still today belong to the house of Wittelsbach, the last Bavarian royal family. It would be impossible either in text or pictures to describe just how enormous this place is.
The Nymphenburg palace just outside Munich's city center is magnificent, but it has even more magnificent gardens. These become a little world of their own, with rivers, waterfalls, follies, and even little villages to discover in among the trees and leaves. The palace was once the country home of the Wittelsbachs, which they'd escape to when they wanted to get away from the city. Now it has become subsumed within the city itself, and is easily reached by tram from the city center.
The buildings were started in 1664 and took over a century and a half to complete. They are as vast as they are extravagant, and pictures do not do their majesty justice. You need to see a video of the palace to get an idea of its grandeur. And this is just the buildings. Stretching out the back of the palace is a park of over 200 hectares (500 acres). This park requires at least an afternoon to wander around, just to get a glimpse of what it contains. The whole journey should feel somewhat of an adventure. When I was there the buildings in the park would appear eerily out of the mist, creating a magical feel.
The Nymphenburg Palace was commissioned in 1664 by Elector Ferdinand Maria, to celebrate the birth of his son, Maximilian Emanuel. Later in 1770 Maximilian Emanuel, the young man for whom the castle was built, made additions to it. He added galleries and pavilions, extending the sides of the Palace.
We did not go inside the palace. We walked to it via a little building surrounded with statues and containing the statue of a stag in its centre and also via its long canal. Then we wandered its pond and statue filled gardens.
For the time being I can’t write much about the castle itself or its interior, because I was here only briefly, for an early Sunday morning walk with Richie. But this is something I enjoyed very much, so that’s my suggestion:
On a sunny morning anytime of the year go there as early as possible to have advantage of the lovely morning light setting and of an almost empty park. Don’t enter through one of the side gates but from the east, with full view of the castle itself (see here, panorama of the castle). This is where you will arrive when you take the streetcar no 17 (get off “Schloß Nymphenburg”) and walk along the little canal that ends at the outer castle pond. We were only in the southern park but I really loved it. And of course with Richie being a good guide, I saw all the little bits and pieces of buildings hidden in the forest.
For a park plan, click => here. That’s the castle website with more information about the park and the buildings, in English.
This depends how and from where you arrive. We came by bus no. 51 from Laim. For details see => park website “how to get there”.
Location of Schloß Nymphenburg (entrance) on Google Maps.
© Ingrid D., September 2012 (So please do not copy my text or photos without my permission.)
It is large at 490 acres, and was first in Italian style for a garden; later changed to English style in early 1800's. It has many winding lanes to traverse, and along the way see the unique and elegant hunting "lodges", or smaller palaces on the grounds. There are two main ponds that extend far into the park area.
This is built as a hermitage in 1725-28. The theme was to make the building and surroundings look like it was a place where a hermit would live; thereby the outside facade is in half ruin appearance. The south end has a grotto of of St. Mary Magdalene, as well as the entry hall. These are works of art using sea shells, rough fabricated stone look, and figurines standing out of them.
The north is the Elector apartments, small as they were, decorated with oak panels and copper engravings.
It was built in 1716-19 at the direction of Max Emanuel. The magnificent blue and white tiles of Dutch origin are displayed throughout the small building. It was to be a respite for the weary after playing "Mailspiel game" (whatever that is). The main hall is in great splendor, and the upper rooms have a Chinese motif, and a Boudoir to take a rest. It is a most unique structure. At this time it was vogue to emulate and replicate the Chinese styles; called chinoiserie.
This 18th century building constructed under the rein of Max Emanuel features the banquet hall with elaborate stucco works and frescoes. One stand out is a two story bath Hall; like a pool to us today. It too four years to build; 1718-22 by the plans of Joseph Effner. The hall in the middle is also a great feature, the banqueting hall
This was to be used as a "pleasure palace" and hunting lodge for Karl Albert's wife; Maria Amalia. It is Rococo style architecture and was constructed in 1754. Francois Cuvillies designed this building. The large Hall of Mirrors in the center is fabulous and you can see yourself coming and going. There also is a Blue cabinet and bedroom, yellow room, and a hunting room and pheasant room; all opulent and elegant. The stucco and silver to designate wealth and class standing is displayed throughout. Even the kitchen of blue and silver tile is beyond the top in decoration.
Not enough can be said for this unique museum of carriages, sleighs, and other transport modes. It is on the west wing of the palace, and the entry is separate. I do not think a lot of people are aware how precious this tour is; it surpasses the palace room tour, in my opinion-which is valuable to me. The exhibits also includes porcelain pieces and many rein, harnesses and pictures of famed horses.
The coach house was built by Maximilian I on the east side, but by WWII the items in the museum first exhibited in 1923 were moved to current location. The war destroyed a lot of the area, and it reopened in 1952. The collection is of 18th-19th century transport carriages that onlyh the royals could make so opulent.
Fee to enter is Euro 4,50, but a combo ticket is 11,50 Euro for all museums/buildings. It is open 9-5 daily.
This is one magnificent place. The compound that was occupied by the Wittelsbach families is "huge" to say the least; or most. It was the summer residence to allow the rulers to get away from the town people in the square where the Residence is located. The palace is 2100 feet long and is segregated into 3 sections; all styled in Baroque, but some interiors were redesigned in later years Rococo or Neoclassical. The park is 490 acres (200 hectares), and holds the "smaller" palaces/retreats of Pagodenburg, Badenburg, Amalienburg, and a Magdalenenklaus meditation retreat. Elector Ferdinand and wife Henrietta Adailade had this built in 1664 to commemorate the birth of the son; but only the main building in the center was first to be constructed. Max Emanuel expanded to add the wings in 1701, which got completed in 1715.
There is a self guided, and no guided tours of the main palace rooms; about 8-10 rooms in all. Entry to this is Euro 6. A combo ticket cost Eruo 11,50 and that includes the outlying buildings. It is open 9-5 daily
This is one magnificent place. The compound that was occupied by the Wittelsbach families is "huge" to say the least; or most. It was the summer residence to allow the rulers to get away from the town people in the square where the Residence is located. The palace is 2100 feet long and is segregated into 3 sections; all styled in Baroque, but some interiors were redesigned in later years Rococo or Neoclassical. The park is 490 acres (200 hectares), and holds the "smaller" palaces/retreats of Pagodenburg, Badenburg, Amalienburg, and a Magdalenenklaus meditation retreat.
The buildings are in great shape and the grounds beautiful.
What struck me first when arriving at Schloss Nymphenburg is the enormity of its width. The palace which began construction in 1664 is now over 700 meters wide. To even get a picture of the entire front baroque facade you practically have to stand back on the street.
We took the palace and garden tour only. The palace itself contains rooms with styles from three different periods; baroque, rococo, and neoclassical. Some of the ceiling frescos had been well preserved or recreated. One of my favorite rooms which was the Gallery of Beauties in the south pavilion. King Ludwig I had the portriats of all his many affairs hung in this room.
The park and the garden are worth a long walk. The garden was originally an Italian style garden but was redone in the early 19th century by Prince Charles Theodore. The park is divided by a long canal which begins near the palace and extends out to the statues of the Greek gods.
We did not tour the carriage house or the factory on the first floor.
The former summer residence of the rulers of Bavaria is located in the west part of the city in the middle of one of Munich's most beautiful parks. Five generations of Wittelsbach rulers were involved in the construction of this Baroque castle.
The building of Nymphenburg Castle began in the reign of the Elector Ferdinand Maria: overjoyed by the birth of his son and heir, Max Emanuel, he had the central section built for his wife in the style of an Italian villa (Agostino Barelli, 1664-74). In about 1700, Max Emanuel commissioned Enrico Zuccali and Antonio Viscardi to extend the castle by adding galleries and pavilions.
It's quite a stunner as you enter. I found it difficult to locate the desk where you had to pay, so overcome was I by the magnificence of the excesses of Bavarian royalty.
The central section which is shown in all these pics owes its present appearance to the efforts of Josef Effner, who, in 1715, designed the pilasters, arched windows and busts that now grace the exterior. A few years later, the south section of the castle was added to serve as the court stables. As a counterpart, the orangerie was added to the north.
Central section: Stone Hall (Steinerner Saal; 1755-57) with ceiling frescoes by J. B. and F Zimmermann (Homage to the Goddess Hora); the Rococo stucco work is based on designs by Cuvillies.
Prices: 5 euros regular, 4,- euros reduced
Combination ticket "Nymphenburg" (Palace, Park buildings, Marstallmuseum and Porcelain Museum)
10 euros regular, 8 euros reduced,
16 October-March: 8 euros regular, 6 euros reduced
The last pavillion is the smallest. But as usual, beauty use to come inside a small sized box. This very fine building -from Joseph Effner too- is a representation of the "chinese fashion", the taste in XVIIIth century for every exotic art: arab, indian, japanese, chinese, etc. It has two stories up being the lower one the biggest for it occupies all of the surface. It's orned in white and blue with dutch glazed tiles and porcelain. In fact, in the very middle you find two masterpieces in porcelain work: the centre big lamp and the table below.
A narrow staircase leads to the upper floor with two charming low-ceiling rooms the windows of which light warmly the space inside with elegant glaze decoration, a quiet place for rest and playing chess.