City Walls - Fortifications, Nürnberg
The Hallerturlein is an old pedestrian gate through the city wall to the west of Nuremberg's old town. This narrow gate has a tall thin Tower with a pointed roof, and is known as "GREEN - G."
Walking through the Hallerturlein leads to the Hallerwiese which is the oldest park in Nuremberg. It runs alongside the River Pegnitz along the right bank, and on the left bank is the Kontumazgarten .
Under the archway is the Hallertorlein plaque, which recognizes the historical significance of the park as a landmark in the city's history.
Time to leave the Schlayerturm and head towards to another nearby Tower I had seen.
Located on the corner of Am Hallertor and Neutormauer was the Hallertor. First, I had to cross a 6 lane road, this became about when the wall was demolished in 1881/82 and the moat was filled.
The Hallertor is known as "GREEN - H" was constructed along with the last city walls in 1400.
The Schlayerturm is the Tower and Arch located to the right of the Fronveste. The massive square tower was built between 1419-1422, and is known as "Green F." The Schlayerturm and Froveste were built to regulate the discharge of the River Pegnitz. In WWII, it was damaged, but since has been re-constructed to how it previously was.
As I walked along Ludwigstrasse, in the distance I could see a big, round Gate. It was the Ludwigstor, a gate in the city wall and one of the main entrances. Before this Gate, there was another named after Ludwigstrasse, how-ever, in 1893, increasing traffic using the entrance, meant it had to be demolished.
The "old city" of Nuremberg is surrounded by a fairly intact 5km's of city walls, well, 4kms is intact!
From my Hotel, I could see this amazing sight! These walls were strengthened through the centuries, this is probably why most are still standing today. They are a World Heritage monument, the only one of this kind and size in Central Europe that is still standing.
It is only between the main station and Rathenauplatz where there are large gaps. It was interesting to read, that the 2km city moat was never filled with water! The walls contain 5 gates, all are a little different!
I think during my time in Nuremberg, I probably walked along most of the city wall.
It really is worth doing and its FREE, just wear good footwear and Ladies, no heels as it is cobblestones.
My first view of the wall and towers was from my Hotel. Crossing the street, I followed the pathway until coming across an entrance way into the Old City. The nearest to me, was the Jakob Tower, which had a couple of archways on either side. I didn't realize at the time, that this entrance-way led into the "Red Light" area of the old town. It is ok in daylight, but I read for women not to walk there alone at night-time.
What is interesting, is because there are so many Tower's & Gate's, many are not named, so the city has put in place colour coding and numbering at each Tower.
Now, if you want to do it the proper way, start at the Castle and follow the wall, walking in a clockwise direction. The first colour you come across is Black, then Blue, Red and Green. The casemates towers have Roman numerals and the rest marked by a colored letter & number, and they all have a street address.
This entrance was Frauentormauer 35 RED L
The Frauentormauer stretches to the Spittlertor on the southern boundary of the Old Town. Some of the moat has been filled to make way for roads, perhaps losing some of the effect. Even so, this wall has some interesting Tower's.
My favorite was the tall Frauentormauer 37, RED M, which is described as having "salt & pepper pots."
My 3rd photo is of Frauentormauer 33a - RED
My 4th photo is of Frauentormauer 33 - RED K - Jakob Tower
There are quite a few more along this stretch of wall.
Nürnbergs city fortifications - begun in the 11th century and extended up to the beginning of the 17th century - were unequalled in the Middle Ages. A massive wall with watchtowers and heavily fortified gates (like Königstor, Tiergärtnertor, Frauentor) surrounds the whole oldtown. The military importance of the city defenses declined beginning from the 17th century, but still Nürnberg was unconquered until 1945, when the American army entered the city. The wall is still intact to this day - unfortunately, it is not possible to walk on the ramparts.
The wall around the old city of Nürnberg is part of the marvelous history of this Franconian City. It was much destroyed at the end of WWII but faithfully rebuilt according to the medieval plans of the old city. While I have many photos of the wall, I don't have many that show the scale of the wall. In some areas it is over 30 meters high. (If you have time, the three mile walk around the wall is well worth the effort. Walk as much of the sentry walk as possible.)
Photo 1 This is an idea of the scale of the wall in Nürnberg. This is the moat in front of the main wall. I apologize for intruding on the privacy of the the man at the base of the wall. The main train station (Hauptbahnhof) is the building in the background.
Photo 2 Directly behind the man in Photo 2 is the main wall. The gate is both King's and Queen's Gate (Königstor and Frauentor). The entrance into the Handwerkerhof (Handcraft Shops) is on the far left. This was one of the 5 major entrances into the old city.
Photo 3 This is a view of the King's Stables (now a DJH hostel). You can see the depth of the moat.
Photo 4 This is Tiergärtnertor, one of the entrances through the Northwest side of the wall. It enters at the West end of the castle into an area called Tiergärtnerplatz which is also close to the Albrecht Dürer House.
Photo 5 This is the Hallertor Gate which is one of two traffic entrances on the West wall.
Although Nuernberg was bombed during WWII, it is the only larger german city to have a well-preserved medeival fortification systems. Not all structures have survived the centuries, but you can still clearly see where once the moat and the walls were. Many towers and walls were reconstructed after damage and still 4 of the original five city gates as well as around 80 towers are standing. Some examples of old defensive structures are the Königstor (King’s gate, in front of central station, now part of Handwerkerhof), Weisser Turm (white tower, at Ludwigsplatz),
Unlike most large cities, the gates and walls of Nuremberg did not fall victim to business expansion but remain largely intact. The walls surround the historic old city containing the most important attractions, bisected neatly by the picturesque Pegnitz River with its four islands. Built between the 13-16 Century, constantly expanded and upgraded, about 2.5 miles remain intact with five surviving gates and numerous towers. Frauentor at the train station is the first most visitors see and contains a craft bazaar (Craftsman's Courtyard) and a beerhall. Through this gate is the largely pedestrianized Konigstrasse, the busiest street in the Old City. Others include the scenic Laufer Tor, the most direct gate for access to the castle and St. Sebald's, and Tiergartnertor at the Albrecht Durer House. There is an intact grassy moat surrounding the walls, never filled.
Once you get inside the Altstadt, city-walls are all around you and usually help a bit to understand where you are. Expecially when you look at the 4 main gates, which usually can be seen from far away, as well as the Burg (castle) which is higher than the rest of the old town, and which can be seen almost anywhere.
Starting the trip inside the Old Town from the main train station (Hauptbahnof) you pass along the Königstraße which leads to the first main landmark of Nürberg, the cathedral of St.Lorenz.
Nürnberg still ghas a very well-preserved city fortification.Almost four kilometers of walls and 67 watch towers survived wars. In the ditch infront of the walls you can see some small private gardens today. In mediaeval times the ditch was flooded.
Huge parts of Nürnberg’s medieval fortifications are well preserved. You can see about 3.8 km of walls and 67 towers. The most impressive place is IMO the Tiergaertner Gate below the castle which offers quite medieval romantic atmosphere.
nuremberg's altstadt (old town) is surrounded by a beautifully restored medieval wall. pictured is a gate near nuremberg's train station.