In 1219 they started building this castle. In the years 1250, 1298, 1367 and 1482 the castle was under Siege, but they managed to defend it well and every single time victory was theirs.
Take a look at the spectacular building, view etc. and the ever changing expositions.
4. April - 2. November 2004
Mon-Fri 9.00-17.00 hrs.
Sat-Sun 9.00-18.00 hrs.
Adults € 4,00
Children under 6 yrs. F.o.C.
Familycard € 9,50
I was lucky when I was inside St.Stephen's ,the cathedral of Passau, as the German Television had a rehearsal for an organ-concert and all of the church was professionally lighted.
The organ has 17774 pipes and 233 registers.
In summer you can attend a daily organ-concert at lunchtime !
For the concerts you have to pay a small entrance-fee, but all the other time, the church is open for visitors without restrictions during the day.
Obviously there is a bigger organ on earth since 1994 according to this info on wikipedia:
"The organ at St. Stephen's was long held to be the largest church pipe organ in the world and is today second in size only to the organ at First Congregational Church, Los Angeles, which was expanded in 1994."
Dom St. Stephan
This is the most known and most beautiful church of Passau, with it's beautiful wall paintings and all the religious art.
But the biggest event is the world's biggest pipe organ with 17774 Pipes and 233 Registers.
On several occasions the organ is played normally every working day at 12.00- 12.30 hrs.
The entrance fee is then € 3,00 for Adults. On other hours you can enter the cathedral for free.
This area is wellkown for it's glassworks. Many different forms of glass art can be seen in this are and especially in this museum.
A Life saving tip: Watch the Kids!
Daily 13.00 - 17.00 hrs.
Adults € 5,00
Children under 12 Yrs. F.o.C
Domschatz- und Diözesanmuseum
From the cathedral you can enter the museum and library of the Dom. To enter here you need to pay an admittance fee of € 1,50.
The wall paintings in the library are simply a must see. Further you'll find here different artifacts of religious art and clothings etc.
Staying in Obernzell you got various options to take a boattour on the Danube.
First possibility is boating to Linz in Austria or one of the stops along the way to Linz. Even all the way to Vienna is possible, but be aware of the costs and the distance.
We took the local bus to Passau, visited Passau for more than half a day and then went back to Obernzell by Boat, which is about one hour and being with small kids that is enough. This part of the river is very beautiful to boat on.
Some specs. of the ship:
MS "Regina Danubia"
Bauwerft Lux, Mondorf
Length 70,00 m
Width 11,24 m
Depth max. 1,38 m
Persons max. 400 persons
St.Stephen - The Dom of Passau is one of the highlights you should not miss ! The old cathedral was destroyed in the year 977 and in 1407 it was rebuilt in gothic style, it burned down in 1662 and was rebuilt again in Baroque style.
St.Stephen cathedral is the church with the biggest interior north of the alps.Inside it is beautifully decorated with stucco-works, frescoes and paintings.The cathedral also has the biggest organ in the world.
On the right of my picture you see the cathedral , on the left is a seperate court that you may enter from outside - it shows some great tombs and old inscriptions.
Let's face it, the "Three River Corner" is one of the highlights about coming to Passau - it is fascinating to see three rivers merge into one, forming Europe's most fascinating big river, the Danube. There are many ways to see the rivers meet, one is to take the boat trip I recommended under "General tips" and another is to get up one of the hills for a birdseye view. Finally, one is to go and stand at the Dreiflusseck itself, the tip of the Old Town, and see the Danube and the Inn flow past you. The latter option is particularly good if you travel with children as there is a good playground there. :) You can see more of the corner from the river in my travelogue.
Veste Unterhaus / Unterhaus castle was built exactely at the place, where the small river ILZ joins the Danube on the left shore and only about 100 meters from the place, where also the river INN flows into the Danube from the other side.
This castle was once the lower part of the bishop's castle and certainly had an excellent place to charge taxes to all ships passing by in medieval times.
On the left of my picture you may see the steps leading up to the Veste Oberhaus and on the left you see the place , where the Ilz meets the Danube. The river on my picture is the Danube.
Today the castle is private and not accesible for the public.
Museum Moderner Kunst
An ever changing collection of Modern Art. Names like Klimt, Schiele, Wörlen show their pieces of work here. Interesting if you lover Modern Art.
Adults € 5,00
Children under 6 yrs. F.o.C.
Family Card € 10,00
October - Juni
Tue - Sun 10.00 - 18.00 hrs.
Juli - September
Tue - Sun 10.00 - 19.00 hrs.
The Passauer Glasmuseum is another famous highlight for all of you, beeing interested in ancient glass-production.
In Passau you may see the world's biggest collection of Bohemian Glass, with more than 30.000 exhibits. The museum is next to the old townhall, inside the same building as Hotel Wilder Mann. Exhibits are mainly of the time between 1680 and 1950, including baroque, Rokoko, Empire, Art Nouveau and modern designs.
Besides glass-products you may as well see the world's biggest collection of cooking-books !
The museum is open daily :
01.00p.m. - 05.00p.m.
5 Euros entrance-fee
or 3,50 Euros for passengers of Danube-ships by Wurm&Köck !!
Friedrich Dürrenmatt said about this museum :
This is the most beautiful Glasshouse in the world !!
High up on the Danube side of town is the Veste Oberhaus, where the prince-bishops resided. You can walk the steep way up, or take a bus from the City Hall until October. Once up, you are rewarded with a great view of the city and rivers. Today, the castle houses the Oberhausmuseum which has exhibitions on local life, which interestingly includes life in border country, since Passau has always been in the middle of Germany and Austria, and with the Czech Republic very close by. It also includes info on the salt trade which made Passau rich and gave many of the fine town houses you see today.
The old townhall dates back to the year 1393, but the neo-gothic tower was added end of the 19th century,just as well as the beautiful frescos at the front-facade.
Inside you may see beautiful baroque halls and when you stand in front of the tower you may see the marks for the regular floods, sometimes getting higher than 2 meters above the street-level.
The Trennbach - Kapelle is a seperate chapel inside the court next to the cathedral. It dates back to the year 1561 and is the tomb of the prince-bishop Urban von Trennbach in the centre and most members of his clan around him.
You may see the family-tree of the Trennbach-clan and some great frescos.
You may just walk inside the chapel !
Passau has an incredible Dom, which was at one time so important it was the mother church in the region, ruling over such important churches as the Stephan's Dom in Vienna! My northern husband thought it far too over decorated, but even though I too can like plain churches, this one was sheer beauty. Especially the ceiling impressed me. Here you also find the world's biggest church organ, which means there are plenty of organ concerts held here. If you want to experience one, you have to pay a small fee.
In the small square next to the church is the building housing the Dom Treasury and Diocese Museum (closed winter) full of treasures from the church.