Already in the 6th century Konstanz became the seat of a Bishop. From the middle ages to the early 19th century the diocese was the biggest in Central Europe. It extended from the Black Forest and Swabia far south into Switzerland to the Gotthard mountains.
The city of Konstanz managed to obtain more and more privileges and independence. A free imperial city for a short time, it then became property of Austria. The Bishop's power was limited to the cathedral and its surroundings and some buildings in town. The city introduced the reformation in 1527 and drove the Bishop away. The new episcopal residence was installed on the opposite bank of the lake in Meersburg, where a new palace was built in the 18th century.
The Secularization of 1802/03 was the end of the Bishop's government. The property of the diocese was taken over by the Electorate of Baden. The city stayed Austrian - the territorial borders within the city must have been extremely complicated to sort out - but with the peace treaty of Preßburg/Bratislava in late 1805 the Austrian territory also became property of Baden and the problem was solved.
The Bishopric ceased to exist in 1821: To simplify the cooperation of politics and religion, the borders of the dioceses were changed to correspond with the borders of the territories. The Grandduchy of Baden was covered by the new Archdiocese of Freiburg which was established in 1827 after lengthy negotiations with Rome. The diocese of Konstanz was administered by Ignaz von Wessenberg who after the death of the old Bishop had been elected his successor by the cathedral chapter but not confirmed. Wessenberg hoped to become the first Archbishop of Freiburg but failed - instead Bernhard Boll, the former abbot of Salem, got the job. The former cathedral in Konstanz has since then been just the parish church of the city.
Fondest memory: The Münster Church, the cathedral of the diocese, is the most striking remain of the Bishopric of Konstanz. The gothic church (photos 1 and 2) contains treasures of art from the middle ages to modern times and is a 'must' to see. A lot has already been written about it, thus no separate tip here.
Several other buildings once belonged to the diocese and tell of its history. Around Münster square some canons' residences (curiae) are still standing, like the one of Canon von Roll (photo 3) .
Wessenberg Palace (photo 4) opposite the Münster church was the residence of Ignaz von Wessenberg, the interim administrator of the diocese, which he kept even after his application for the Archbishopric of Freiburg had failed. The baroque palace is now a museum.
The provost of the cathedral and his offices occupied a pretty renaissance building bclose to the Rhine (photo 5).
Favorite thing: Far away from being an expert, Iìm nevertheless always keen trying to get thr very insights of cities architectures ... it seems to me in K. balconies are among the top three architecture details you continuosly see around downtown.
Constance town is a typical medieval town with twisting and at times cobbled gables and lanes. It's the largest town on Lake Constance and has approximatly 80000 inhanbitants. The old town is particularly well-preserved and charming - disorienting, too; but you soon retrace yout steps as its not very large.
Fondest memory: I like the fact that it's lively and vibrant, and this is due to the fact that it's home of a reknowned university. Plenty of young people around - as well as cosy bars and bier-kellers.
Lake Constance is a beautiful and large lake, in fact it's the largest lake in Germany measuring 536 square kilometres , although it really belongs to three countries, not only Germany.
Here are some facts about its shorelines:
- German shoreline: 173 km
- Swiss shoreline: 72 km
- Austrian shoreline: 28 km
Fondest memory: I generally like walking along the lakeshore, simly as that - and in particular look at htearchitecture and at the numerous fishermen there. The lake, it appears, is very fishy.
Favorite thing: Many buildings in this part of Germany have murals, but Konstanz is overflowing with them. It was wonderful just walking through the pedestrianized downtown, looking from right to left to right again, taking it all in. Very beautiful, and so different from buildings where I come from!
You can use internet in a phone shops which sells phone cards as well as internet time to its customers.
This shops is just opposite side of the railway station of Konstanz. Cross the road and it will be 30 m from McDonaldýs.
Favorite thing: I stayed in Insel Hotel in Konstanz, which is considered to be the best hotel of this city. In this hotel, Internet is free of cost for all the guests of Insel hotel. Nobody asks u to submitt your room key and tell your room number. So, even if u are not a guest at this hotel just confidently walk in and just on the opposide side of the reception there is a glass door and u can see the computer there inside this lobby room. There is hardly anyone using so, just take your seat and use as much u like ;-) If someone asks u the room number just tell then 331, where i am staying now ;-)
The post office is opposite the German train station. You can see on your right hand side if your back is towards the tourist information office. But the problem is that the automatic Stamp machine is not working so try to come here when the main office is open otherwise u can simply post your card or letter without the stamps on it ;-)
Favorite thing: If you are staying for more than one night your hotel or pension will give our Guest Card (Gaestekarte), which entitles u to have the unlimited transport (bus rides) and various discounts during your stay. but i fu are not staying in Konstanz then the tourist information office also sell three day bus card for unlimited bus usage.. This card is called 'BodenseeErlebniskarte'.
The Tourist Information Office of Konstanz is right at the Railway Station knwon as ýBahnhofýin german. It is open from 9 a.m to 6.30 p.m weekdays between April and October and from 9 a.m till 12.30 p.m and 2p.m to 6 p.m in the rest of the year.It is also open from 9 a.m to 4 p.m Saturday and from 10 a.m to 1 p.m Sunday from April to October.
to be discovered. I was surprised as before I only knew the town from changing from train to ship and that was it.
Good place to shop and hopp over the border. But keep in mind you are only allowed to bring back goods up to CHF 300 without paying duty. And on certain food there is a weight limit. And customs officials do want to know what you spent and see receipts in some cases.
Favorite thing: End of August there is a big lake night festival on the lakeside of Konstanz and Kreutzlingen with many different booths and stages with shows. And the best firework of the whole year, one of these displays with music and the lights reflecting on the water.
Favorite thing: This is the Sea Life Centre link, unfortunately it's only in German but you can see the opening hours there: http://www.sealifeeurope.com/sea_life_centres_germany.html#centre-konstanz
Favorite thing: You can take lots of trips by boat all around the lake ... it's a unique chance to go leave from Germany and go to Switzerland and Austria in less than 1 hour :-)
Favorite thing: The Rhine bridge at the funnel of the Rhine. There is also a bridge only for bikes and people. It is a interesting excursion to make a whole-day-trip with the boat to the Rhine-falls in Schaffhausen.