St. Ursula is the patron saint of Offenburg. Rumours have it that she appeared in Juli 1638 on the city wall and therefore the troops of Duke Bernhard of Weimar didn't attack the town.
As with a lot of Offenburg's monument also this one was donated by Dr. Franz Burda in 1961.
The knight's house east wing dates back to 1784 and was built by Franz Georg von Rienecker. It's name (Ritterhaus) got the building from the knighthood who had its home here from 1803-6. After the revolution of Baden in 1948/49 it was used as barracks. Later several courts were housed here and finally in 1959 the city's archive and the museum moved into this building.
Mikwe (Jews' bath)
This Mikwe dates back to the Middle Ages. I wasn't able to visit it as you need to join a tour to do so. Over the warm season the tourist office offers various free tours and one of them will take to you see the Mikwe. A Mikwe was a ritual bath place for the Jewish inhabitants. The dipping pool is reached by a narrow staircase in 14 meters' depth.
There are five Mikwes still existing from the Middle Ages in the Rhine area.
Formerly there used to be an alley called "Judengasse" ie jews' alley. Today this is the Bäckergasse (see picture no. 5).
The Zwinger park is situated along the city wall on a lower level along the Mühlbach river. It was created in 1899.
When you enter the park from the Hauptstrasse you will first meet Dionysos, a sculpture of the Greek god of wine. Then there is a pond in a lovely setting. It'a relaxing park with benches and stairs up to the old part of town.
If you continue from the Zwinger park across the Hauptstrasse you will find yourself in the rosegarden.
Billet Palais in the Buergerpark
This lovely palais had its door open so I entered and found out that you can get married in the downstairs rooms. A wedding seemed to be either going on. Upstairs there is a family councelling office. Downstairs I also found a free toilet.
This Palais is called "Billet'sches Schloesschen" and was built just before 1800 by the Offenburg trader Joseph Anton Billet.
In the Buergerpark you will find several sculptures like "Death by love" from the Moscow artist Vadim Sidur and another one by Bernadette Hoerder of Karlsruhe. There is also some kind of child/family center.
Neptun's and other fountains
The Neptune fountain dates back to the 18th century. The present statue is actually a copy as the original one from 1783 had a lot of cracks and has been transfered to the Ritterhaus museum.
You will find Neptune on Hauptstrasse.
In the Fischmarkt in front of the Hirschen pharmacy you will find a fountain with a lion holding a coat of arms (photo no. 2). This fountain dates back to 1599.
On Lindenplatz you will find a fountain dedicated to the carnival (photo no. 3). This fountain was inaugurated in 1964 and shows the carnival figures "Hexen" (witches) and "Spaettle". Another fountain on Steinstrasse has so much water in his belly that he constantly has to pee (no. 4). Fountain no. 5 I found in or around the Kesselstrasse near the Salmen.
The original Hotel Sonne which is located between the town hall (Rathaus) and the police station (former Koenigshof) is the oldest known hotel restaurant in Offenburg. It dates back to the 14th century but was destroyed in the big fire. It was rebuilt after the fire and renovated/reconstructed over times. The present appearance is from the 19th century.
The Koenigshof is an impressive palace on the Hauptstrasse. It was built as the administration building for the bailiff of the Ortenau (region) from 1714 till 1717.
Today you will find the main police station in it. Let's hope you don't need it!
St. Andreas Hospital
The founding of this hospital goes back to the 13th century. After the big fire in 1689 the hospital was rebuilt. Part of the complex which these days houses the migration department and other government offices is the Andreas church.
I haven't been inside the Andreas church but a small notice on the outside door says that you may visit it during office hours through the entrance of the government offices (Buergerbuero). In the Buergerbuero you will also get tourist information should you need it.
The Salmen is originally an inn. On 12th September 1847 the first democratic programme in Germany was formulated here.
From 1875 until 1938 this building was also the synagogue. The staircase was for the women's entrance.
Today, every year the Freedom festival is celebrated in Offenburg.
Aenne Burda Stift
The Vinzentius house is part of the Aenne Burda Stift which has old peoples apartments and halls for cultural events. The Vinzentius house used to be an old peoples home for more than 100 years.
Originally it was the manor house of Josef von Ried. Above the entrance you may see the statue of St. Vinzenz von Paul which gave the building its name.
Vinzentius Garden and Lapidarium
This garden was created from 1764-68 and belonged to the town palais of Baron Josef von Ried. It was a pleasure garden with an orangerie. The middle part of the garden was redone in Baroque style and the wrought-iron gate in Rocaille style and the vases and sculptures on the city wall date back to its original creation date.
In 2001 the Lapidarium, a collection of stone (Lapi) statues, was created. Some of them can be viewed during the day from Monday till Friday in the side gardens. The most precious ones are in the cellar part of the Aenne Burda Stift across the alley. These can only be visited on a tour.
Along Kittelgasse you will find the archway of the former Gottwaldschen House which used to stand at the Hauptstrasse 72. This original archway was transfered to this location after demolishing the house. It dates back to the 18th century.
Heilig-Kreuz-Kirche (Holy Cross Church)
The original church was destroyed in the big fire in 1689. The new church was built on the old foundation. The choir is Gothic. The high altar is from 1740. The nave has 3 aisles with pillars.
Here you will find the old crucifix from 1521 of which you can see a copy outside on the church square by the Mountain of Olives.
Oelberg (Mount of Olives)
This most precious artifact was created in 1524. The original statues were replaced in 1955 by copies. If you get the chance to visit the nearby Lapidarium you may spot the originals there.
On picture no. 3 you see the crucifix which reminds us of the cemetery that used to be there. This crucifix is also a copy of the original from 1521 which is found in the Holy Cross church.
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