I took this pictures from the taxi, on my way to the airport, the last day in Berlin. It was bad weather in Berlin, during my 4 days visiting, and I was rather disappointed with the snow in March and very low temperature. Instead of strolling around, as I usually do, was forced to reduce my explorings to the town centre only. But I will revisit Berlin, that's for sure.
Oberbaumbrucke is a double-deck bridge crossing the River Spree considering one of the city landmarks. It links Friedrichshain and Kreuzberg, former boroughs that were divided by the Berlin Wall. The bridge itself therefore become an important symbol of Berlin's unbity. The lower deck of the bridge carries roadway, while the upper deck carries Berlin U-Bahn.
The bridge was built in 1732 in order to connect the municipal area with its rural environs. The name Oberbaumbrucke stemmed from from the heavy tree trunk, from which the first original bridge was built. The stone bridge, which appearing today, was opened in 1896. It was designed by Otto Stahn who was inspired by a North German brick Gothic.
This is clearly Berlin’s most beautiful bridge, despite the nice statues on Schlossbrücke and other good constructions. You do not even think it is a bridge when you first see it. It looks more like a loan from Red Square in Moscow or St. Petersburg, a kind of long-stretched fairy-tale castle.
This spectacular bridge, made of red bricks, was built from 1894 to 1896 and served as one of the eight inner-city checkpoints after the separation of Berlin into West and East on 13 August 1961.
After difficult negotiations the first of four agreements (Passierscheinabkommen) between Berlin’s Senate and the GDR government was signed on 17 Dec 1963. In the following weeks – from 19 Dec 1963 until 4 Jan 1964 – tens of thousands of West-Berliners crossed Oberbaumbrücke for day visits to see their relatives in the East for the first time since the construction of the Wall. After the lifting of travel restrictions for GDR citizens on 9 November 1989, Oberbaumbrücke was also opened again, and the free citizens of the free state of GDR could finally step into real freedom.
Historically Oberbaumbrücke was already erected in 1724 as a wooden bridge, and over centuries it was Berlin’s longest bridge. The new construction with the seven vaults, viaducts and many arches was part of the construction of Berlin’s S-Bahn system (see also: Hackescher Markt). It had been badly damaged during World War II and due to its location right at the border it could only be reconstructed after the reunification.
The structure had to be strengthed for the trains. On the fifth anniversary of the fall of the Wall, on 9 Nov 1994, it was re-opened for traffic and pedestrians, and a year later the railway line was extended to Warschauer Straße.
On photo 2 you see a train on the bridge. Makes a nice contrast ;-)
Photo 3 is the view to Oberbaumbrücke from “our” restaurant in Schlesische Straße.
Photo 4 a spectacular contrast with a tiled building in the background.
U-Bahn/S-Bahn stations Schlesisches Tor and Warschauer Straße
Of all the bridges I saw crossing the Spree, the Oberbaumbrücke was the most impressive. The bridge connects the districts of Friedrichshain in the east of the city to Kreuzberg to the west.
From 1963 to 1989, while the city was divided, Oberbaumbrücke was closed to traffic. It was officially part of East Berlin and used as a pedestrian border crossing for west Berliners.
There are great views of the bridge from the East-Side Gallery to the north or from the banks of the Spree to the south.
The Oberbaumbrücke was constructed over the River Spree in 1724 as a wooden bridge. For centuries it was by far the longest bridge in Berlin. In 1894 it was renewed as a solid construction with seven vaults and a studded viaduct to accommodate the first elevated railway in Berlin. Because of its location in the border area between West and East Berlin, the bridge which was blown up during World War II could not be reinstated until after reunification as a link between the districts of Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain.
More extensive refurbishment of its historical appearance involved upgrading the road surface by using reinforced and pre-stressed concrete. The elevated railway was given a completely new load bearing construction. The middle opening was closed as a counter point to the form with a modern steel frame whereas in the side areas preflex supports on steel frames were incorporated into the viaduct. After specification of the definitive design, construction work could begin in 1992. In order to accelerate work, a temporary pedestrian bridge was erected downstream.
In time for the fifth anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall the roadway and the lower side walkway were reopened on 9 November 1994. With the integration of the strutted frame in April 1995, the last gap was closed in the elevated railway connection to the station Warschauer Straße to the north of Oberbaumbrücke. This meant that the route extension could be used as planned in October 1995.
The most beautiful bridge I saw in Berlin was called Admiralbrücke. Drive southwards Admiralstraße towards Landwehrkanal.
The bridge was covered by coblestones and equipped with old-fashioned street-lamps. It looked like Paris at some places. Am I wrong?