Gendarmenmarkt, Berlin

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Gendarmenmarkt, Berlin-Mitte

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  • nicolaitan's Profile Photo

    Beautiful Classic Square

    by nicolaitan Written Mar 9, 2008

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    Concert Hall Facade
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    The Gendarmenmarkt is considered one of Europe's most beautiful squares, the name derived from a cavalry regiment named Gens d'Armes centered here between 1736-82. The original late 17th Century plan by Nering was altered by Georg Unger in 1777 incorporating the three buildings surrounding it. The oldest is the French cathedral built by immigrant Huegenots in 1701-5, modelled after a destroyed church in France. Second came the German cathedral at the south end of the square built between 1702-8 in the form of a pentagon by Simonetti with plans by Martin Grunberg. The churches were both different and not of architectural interest until 1785 when Carl Gontard added symmetric domes and columned porticos to each - today the facades appear essentially identical.
    In 1821, Karl Friedrich Schinkel, Berlin's leading architect filled the west side of the square with the famed concert hall, fronted in the center of the square by a statue of the German poet Friedrich Schiller placed in 1871. Business buildings occupy the east side, also built in classic style. All the major buildings were severely damaged during WWII, with reconstruction to original plans extending into the 1990's. Today the churches feature museums and restaurants while the concert hall is the home venue for the Berlin Symphony Orchestra.

    The surrounding area of Mitte has undergone rapid commercialization with trendy restaurants, shopping malls and boutiques and several very upscale hotels including the Sofitel, Hotel de Rome ( which is breathtaking), and a Hilton and is at the center of the most upscale renovations in the East Berlin Mitte area.

    We chose to visit after dark - the square was deserted and we were alone with the atmospheric lighting of these famed buildings and the beauty of the square. As with Bebelplatz ( see below ) perhaps the best time to visit and reflect on the past.

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  • alancollins's Profile Photo

    Deutscher Dom

    by alancollins Updated Nov 15, 2007

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    Deutscher Dom
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    The Deutscher Dom or German Cathedral is on the southern side of the Gendarmenmarkt. The building was originally built as a church in 1708 but was completely destroyed by fire in 1945. It was rebuilt from 1982 until 1996 and is now a museum that covers an extensive exhibition on German parliamentary history on 3 floors with an English audio guide. There are 2 more floors with temporary exhibits but with only a German text the audio guide does not cover these floors.

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  • m-joy's Profile Photo

    Schauspielhaus

    by m-joy Written Jun 13, 2004

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    Situated right between the German and French dome at the Gendarmenmarkt this beautiful hall of concerts was built by the famous architect Karl Friedrich Schinkel in 1820. Schinkel had a very particular architectural style.

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    Gendarmenmarkt

    by elpariente Written Mar 5, 2010

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    Para muchos es una de las plazas más bonitas de Berlín
    El nombre de Gendarmenmarkt (mercado de los gendarmes) proviene del regimiento hugonote de los Gens d'Armes, que se instaló en la plaza cuando la comunidad hunogote era perseguida en Francia y Guillermo I le dió refugio , derechos ciudadanos y protegió su libertad religiosa a pesar de que Berlín era protestante.
    Federico I de Prusia le concedió, tanto a la comunidad luterana como a la comunidad reformada francesa, un lugar para construir sus respectivas iglesias y así edificaron en cada extremo de la plaza El Französischer Dom (Catedral Francesa)y el Deutscher Dom( Catedral alemana ) que son dos iglesias muy parecidas
    En el centro de la Plaza está la Konzertthaus en la que destaca delante de ella el monumento a Schiller que está alineado con la posición en la que está colocado el director de la orquesta dentro de la sala

    For many people it is one of the most beautiful squares in Berlin
    The name Gendarmenmarkt comes from the Huguenot regiment Gens d'Armes, which was installed in the square when Huguenot community was persecuted in France and William I gave them haven, protected its citizens' rights and religious freedom although Berlin was Protestant.
    Frederick I of Prussia was granted to both the Lutheran community as the French Reformed community, a place to build their churches and they were built at each end of the square , The French Dom (French Cathedral) and the Deutscher Dom (German Cathedral) , two churches that are very similar
    In the centre of the square is the Konzertthaus where highlight in its front the monument to Schiller that is aligned with the position position of the orchestra conductor in the room

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  • Kakapo2's Profile Photo

    Schauspielhaus, now: Konzerthaus (Concert Hall)

    by Kakapo2 Written Jan 15, 2008

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    The Concert Hall was designed by Schinkel.
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    The Schauspielhaus (theatre) which became Konzerthaus (concert hall/philharmony) in 1994 is sitting between the German and the French Dome on the western side of Gendarmenmarkt. It was designed by Karl Friedrich Schinkel and built on the ruins of the National Theatre which had burnt down. Construction time was from 1817 to 1821. The Baroque transformation took place in 1903 and 1904.

    Originally the Schauspielhaus was just a brick building. It became a splendid building by screening the exterior with glorious sandstone panels.

    After the destruction of World War II only the exterior was reconstructed true to the original. The interior was completedly altered. Instead of a theatre with a stage they built a concert hall with space for an 1850 people strong audience. Inauguration was in 1984. Ten years later the Schauspielhaus was renamed into “Konzerthaus Berlin”.

    Guided tours on most Saturdays at 1pm, phone (030) 20309-2343, fee 3 Euro

    Free tours with volunteers must be checked on the blackboard on site or on the internet website.

    Registration for group tours:
    press@konzerthaus.de
    Phone (030) 20309-2343

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  • johanl's Profile Photo

    GENDARMENMARKT

    by johanl Updated Nov 1, 2003

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    PARISER DOM

    The center of Friedrichstad was once designed on the 18th and 19th centuries to become one of the most beautiful squares in Europe. The Contstable's Square.
    The square features the Schauspielhaus, and the French and German Cathedrals.

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  • fipsi's Profile Photo

    Gendarmenmarkt

    by fipsi Written Aug 27, 2004

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    Gendarmenmarkt

    The most beautiful square I saw in Berlin! On two sides you have churches that look very similar (the French church and the German church), on another side you find one Berlin's most beautiful theaters (Schauspielhaus) and in front of the theater there is quite a nice monument for Friedrich Schiller.

    The name comes from a regiment of guards ("Gens d'armes") that had its station and its stables there. The poet E.T.A. Hoffmann lived at that square from 1815 to 1822.

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  • alancollins's Profile Photo

    Französischer Dom

    by alancollins Updated Nov 16, 2007

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    The French Cathedral
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    The French Cathedral (Französischer Dom) was built by the Huguenot community who had sought refuge in Protestant Berlin after being persecuted in France. It was built between 1701-05 and was modelled on the Huguenot Church in Charenton that was destroyed in 1688. In 1785 the tower and porticos were added making it look similar to the German Cathedral on the other side of the square. The building was destroyed during WW2 and rebuilt between 1977 and 1988. The church also contains a Huguenot Museum and restaurant. There is a viewing platform though it is closed at present for repairs, but it should be open soon

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  • Kakapo2's Profile Photo

    Französischer Dom: Museum of the Huguenots' Life

    by Kakapo2 Written Jan 15, 2008

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    The French Dome, seen from the German Dome.
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    The church beside the French Dome is the French Friedrichstadtkirche, named after the suburb Friedrichstadt. (See extra tip.)

    To build the purpose-less French Dome beside this church between 1780 and 1785 the French Huguenots’ cemetery had to be relocated. In exchange the Huguenots got the right to use the dome for all times. They had once fled their Catholic home country for practising their protestant religion after the reformation by Calvin.

    Dome and Friedrichstadtkirche were nearly completely destroyed in World War II but were reconstructed between 1981 and 1987. The Dome is used today as the Huguenots’ Museum (Hugenottenmuseum). It displays the history and the life of the French immigrants.

    Open Tue – Sat 12pm – 5pm, Sun 11am – 5pm
    Entry fee 2 Euro

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  • Gendarmenmarkt - Französischer Dom

    by sabsi Updated Sep 16, 2003

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    Franz��sischer Dom

    Gendarmenmarkt is often referred to as Berlin's most beautiful square. And with the two churches which almost look alike and the Konzerthaus between them it looks really impressive and it's a nice place to sit down for a drink and some rest from all the walking.

    The French cathedral is the cathedral on your right when facing the Konzerthaus. It was built for the Huguenot in the beginning of the 18th century. There is an exhibition inside nowadays.

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  • Kakapo2's Profile Photo

    Schillerdenkmal - Monument of Goethe's Colleague

    by Kakapo2 Written Jan 15, 2008

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    Schiller in front of the German Dome.

    Only in the first instant it is surprising to find a statue of Friedrich von Schiller on Berlin’s Gendarmenmarkt, as we Schwaben from the land of Württemberg consider Schiller as “our” poet and philosopher. But in fact he was – together with Goethe – Germany’s greatest classic writer, philosopher, dramatist and poet, and so it is absolutely normal that he has a place in front of Berlin’s former national theatre.

    Schiller was born in Marbach on the river Neckar, near Stuttgart, on 10 November 1759 in the south of Germany, and he died on 9 May 1805 in Weimar, only 45 years old, from acute pneumonia. On Goethe’s request he later was buried at Schiller’s side. In the city of Weimar both poets stand side by side on a monument. He was ennobled in 1802, by the addition of “von” in front of his last name.

    Schiller’s plays are part of the standard repertoire of German theatres. His first big hit was “Die Räuber” (The Robbers) in 1776. The premiere in Mannheim (1782) was a huge success, especially young people loved it. However, the reigning Duke of Württemberg was not impressed and imprisoned the poet for two weeks and forbid him to write comedies and similar stuff.

    Then Schiller wrote “Kabale und Liebe” (Intrigue and Love) and “Don Carlos”, later “Wallenstein”, „Maria Stuart“, „Wilhelm Tell“, and „Die Jungfrau von Orléans“ (The Maid of Orleans). I think everybody at my age and time had to learn “Das Lied von der Glocke” (Song of the Bell) by heart, and my father still knows every word of it.

    Many of Schiller’s poems and dramas became musical pieces. You might have heard “Ode an die Freude” (Ode to the Happiness) which Beethoven used for this 9th symphony. Verdi adapted several of Schiller’s play for his operas, “Don Carlos” is just one of them.

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  • Sjalen's Profile Photo

    Gendarmenmarkt

    by Sjalen Written Nov 6, 2005

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    German Church

    This is often considered the most beautiful square in Berlin and whilst I agree that it is beautiful, it is not stunning in a "Grand Place" style. There are however the two impressive twin churches, the French and the German Church respectively, in either end of the square. The German is used as an exhibition centre today but we never visited as most guides called it a boring place. Instead, we sat in the lovely square and listened to buskers and had a beer at the great Concert Hall. You can also go for horse and carriage rides around the blocks here.

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  • Nemorino's Profile Photo

    Gendarmenmarkt

    by Nemorino Written Oct 15, 2009

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    1. French
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    Photos:
    1. French "Dom" at the Gendarmenmarkt
    2. Concert House

    The German word "Dom" usually means cathedral, but the German Dom and the French Dom at the Gendarmenmarkt are not cathedrals at all, they are just, well, buildings with domes.

    In the German Dom there is a museum of the German parliament, and in the French Dom (first photo) there is a museum devoted to the Huguenots, French Protestants who fled from France to avoid persecution at various periods starting in the sixteenth century.

    The Protestant rulers of Berlin welcomed the Huguenots with open arms, not only because of their religion but also because most of them were skilled workers in a variety of trades -- and because they spoke French, a particularly suave language that every self-respecting German aristocrat wanted to learn.

    The Concert House (second photo) was originally built from 1818 to 1821 by Karl Friedrich Schinkel as a theater. The original building was destroyed in the Second World War. After a long hiatus it was rebuilt as a concert house from 1979 to 1984.

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  • Mikebb's Profile Photo

    Gendarmenmarkt Delightful Square - The 2 Doms

    by Mikebb Updated Jun 30, 2012

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    Gendarmenmarkt  - Dom
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    Our visit to the Gendarmenmarkt was at sunset, our intention being to view the beautiful Doms , Theatre and other buildings and activities within the square, before having dinner at the nearby German Beer Hall.

    We arrived a little late to take good photos of these beautiful Doms, however it was an ideal time to view the many activities within the square. We sat and enjoyed the activities, particularly the people arriving for the evening performance at the Schauspielhaus (Theatre).

    The Gendarmenmarkt was established during the 17th century.

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  • Kakapo2's Profile Photo

    Deutscher Dom: Exhibition of Democracy

    by Kakapo2 Written Jan 15, 2008

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    Not very different to the French Dome.
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    The German Church beside the later added dome-shaped building on Gendarmenmarkt was built from 1701 to 1708. Already 80 years later it crumbled, so it was demolished and reconstructed in Baroque style.

    The purpose-less dome-crowned tower was added from 1780 to 1785. It was badly damaged in World War II and reconstructed between 1982 and 1996. In 2002 it even got a purposed. The building is used for an exhibition of German parliament, telling the story of Germany’s parliamentary democracy. The title is: “Wege, Irrwege, Umwege” – paths, meanders, deviations.

    If you are not interested in this exhibition there is not more to do than to have a look up to the top of the tower where you can see the sky through a round skylight.

    Not sure about the entry fee. On the internet I read it is free but I think to remember that you would have had to pay a fee.

    Open Tue – Sun 10am – 7pm (October to April only until 6pm), guided tours at 11am, 1pm and 4pm

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